Edwardian Baroque architecture
The characteristic features of the Edwardian Baroque style were drawn from two main sources: the architecture of France in the 18th century and that of Sir Christopher Wren in England in the 17th. Some of the architecture that borrowed more heavily from the English Baroque architects was known by the term Wrenaissance. Sir Edwin Lutyens was a leading exponent, designing many commercial buildings in what he termed 'the Grand Style' in the later 1910s and 20s. This period of British architectural history is considered a particularly retrospective one, since it is contemporary with Art Nouveau.
Typical details of Edwardian Baroque architecture include extensive rustication, usually heavier at ground level, often running into and exaggerating the voissours of arched openings (derived from French models); domed corner rooftop pavilions and a central taller tower-like element creating a lively rooftop silhouette; revived Italian Baroque elements such as exaggerated keystones, segmental arched pediments, columns with engaged blocks, attached block-like rustication to window surrounds; colonnades of (sometimes paired) columns in the Ionic order and domed towers modelled closely on Wren's for the Royal Naval College in Greenwich. Some Edwardian Baroque buildings include details from other sources, such as the Dutch gables of Norman Shaw's Piccadilly Hotel in London.
Notable Edwardian Baroque buildings
- Admiralty Arch, London (1912)
- Albert Hall, Manchester (1910)
- Asia House, Manchester (1909)
- Albert Hall, Nottingham (1910)
- Ashton Memorial, Lancaster (1909)
- Belfast City Hall, Belfast (1906)
- Bridgewater House, Manchester (1912)
- Cardiff City Hall, Cardiff (1906)
- Central Criminal Court (Old Bailey), London (1907)
- County Hall, London (1922)
- Electric Cinema, London (1910)
- Hanover Building, Manchester (1909)
- India House, Manchester (1906)
- Lancaster House, Manchester (1910)
- London Road Fire and Police Station, Manchester (1906)
- Lloyds Bank on King Street, Manchester by Charles Heathcote (1915)
- Nottingham railway station, Nottingham (1904)
- Midland Bank head office building, London by Edwin Lutyens (1922)
- 163 North Street, Brighton (1904)
- Port of Liverpool Building, Liverpool (1907)
- Ralli Hall, Hove (1913)
- St. James Buildings, Manchester (1912)
- Stockport Town Hall, Stockport (1908)
- War Office, London (1906)
- Westminster Central Hall, London (1912)
- Auckland Town Hall, Auckland, New Zealand
- General Post Office (former), Auckland, New Zealand
- Auckland Ferry Terminal
- Old Public Trust Building, Wellington (1909)
- Lands Administration Building, Brisbane
- Queen Victoria Hospital, Melbourne (main pavilion, now Queen Victoria Women's Centre)
- Commonwealth Offices, Treasury Place, Melbourne
- Central Railway Station, Sydney
- Chowringhee Mansions, Calcutta
- Victoria Memorial Hall (1905).
- Central Fire Station (1908).
- Saint Joseph's Institution (1900s, 1910s extensions).
- Oranje Building/Stamford House (1904).
- City Hall, George Town, Penang (1903).
- Second floor extension to Town Hall, George Town, Penang (1903).
- Former Government Offices (now State Islamic Council building), George Town, Penang (1907).
- Federated Malay States railway station/Malayan Railways building (Wisma Kastam), George Town, Penang (1907).
- George Town Dispensary, George Town, Penang (1922).
- Ipoh Town Hall and former General Post Office, Ipoh, Perak (1916).
- Railway station in Ipoh, Perak (1917 to 1935).
- Former State Secretariat (State Library), Seremban, Negeri Sembilan (1912).
- Antram, Nicholas; Morrice, Richard (2008). Brighton and Hove. Pevsner Architectural Guides. London: Yale University Press. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-300-12661-7.
- English Heritage. "Ralli Memorial Hall, walls and railings, Denmark Villas, Hove (Grade II) (1298671)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
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