Edwards County, Illinois

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Edwards County, Illinois
Edwards County Courthouse in Albion.jpg
Edwards County Courthouse in Albion
Map of Illinois highlighting Edwards County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1814
Named for Ninian Edwards
Seat Albion
Largest city Albion
Area
 • Total 223 sq mi (578 km2)
 • Land 222 sq mi (575 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 6,721
 • Density 30/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Edwards County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,721.[1] Its county seat is Albion.[2] It is located in the southern portion known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

Edwards County was named for Ninian Edwards,[3] the governor of the Illinois Territory, and, later, governor of Illinois.

Edwards County is subdivided into "Road Districts", rather than "Townships" as in most Illinois counties. Pursuant to the Land Ordinance of 1785, the Northwest Territory (including Illinois) was surveyed and mostly organized into townships that are six miles square; but Edwards County was settled prior to that survey, and its pre-existing Road Districts do not generally correspond with the survey's townships.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 223 square miles (580 km2), of which 222 square miles (570 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4] It is the fourth-smallest county in Illinois by area.

When Edwards County was formed in 1814, it comprised nearly half of the State of Illinois. New counties were formed from it until, in 1824, it assumed its present form from the creation of Wabash County. The two are the fourth and fifth smallest counties in Illinois.

Climate and weather[edit]

Albion, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.6
 
37
21
 
 
2.7
 
44
25
 
 
4.3
 
55
35
 
 
5.1
 
66
45
 
 
4.6
 
76
55
 
 
4.2
 
86
64
 
 
3.9
 
89
68
 
 
3.4
 
88
66
 
 
2.9
 
81
58
 
 
3.4
 
70
47
 
 
4.3
 
54
36
 
 
3.5
 
42
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Albion have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −20 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1982 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.57 inches (65 mm) in January to 5.13 inches (130 mm) in April.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Edwards County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,444
1830 1,649 −52.1%
1840 3,070 86.2%
1850 3,524 14.8%
1860 5,454 54.8%
1870 7,565 38.7%
1880 8,597 13.6%
1890 9,444 9.9%
1900 10,345 9.5%
1910 10,049 −2.9%
1920 9,431 −6.1%
1930 8,303 −12.0%
1940 8,974 8.1%
1950 9,056 0.9%
1960 7,940 −12.3%
1970 7,090 −10.7%
1980 7,961 12.3%
1990 7,440 −6.5%
2000 6,971 −6.3%
2010 6,721 −3.6%
Est. 2013 6,672 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

At the 2000 census,[10] there were 6,971 people, 2,905 households and 2,027 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 per square mile (12/km²). There were 3,199 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.87% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. 0.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.3% were of English, 26.6% American, 22.2% German and 6.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 99.1% spoke English as their first language.

There were 2,905 households of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88.

23.10% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median household income was $31,816 and the median family income was $38,750. Males had a median income of $27,165 versus $19,579 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,187. About 6.30% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Edwards County is one of the most consistently Republican counties in the state. It has voted for the Republican candidate in all Presidential elections from 1960 to present.[11] In the last five Presidential elections no Democratic candidate has received more than 37% of the county's vote.[12]

In other positions the county has been not been consistently Republican for as long, but nevertheless has been so for many years. The last Democratic Senatorial candidate it backed was Alan J. Dixon in 1986[13] and the last Democratic gubernatorial candidate it supported was Glenn Poshard, who carried all of Southern Illinois in his failed 1998 bid.[14] Most of the county is in Illinois's 19th congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+9 and has been represented by John Shimkus since 2003. The rest of the county is in Illinois's 15th congressional district, which has Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+6 and has been represented by Republican Tim Johnson since 2001. In more local positions the county is in the 108th district of the Illinois House of Representatives so is represented by Republican David Reis and is in the Illinois Senate it lies in the 54th district and is represented by Republican John O. Jones.[15]

Communities[edit]

Precincts of Edwards County

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated[edit]

Precincts[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 115. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Albion, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ David Leip's Election Atlas (Maps for Illinois by election)
  12. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Illinois)
  13. ^ David Leip's Election Atlas (Maps for Illinois Senate by election)
  14. ^ David Leip's Election Atlas (Maps for Illinois Governor by election)
  15. ^ District map from Northern Illinois University

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°25′N 88°04′W / 38.42°N 88.06°W / 38.42; -88.06