||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2008)|
Danticat, September 2007
January 19, 1969 |
|Period||1994 - present|
|Genres||Novels, short stories|
Early Life and Education
Danticat was born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. When she was two years old, her father André immigrated to New York, to be followed two years later by her mother Rose. This left Danticat and her younger brother, also named André, to be raised by her aunt and uncle. Although her formal education in Haiti was in French, she spoke Kreyòl at home.
While still in Haiti, Danticat began writing at 9 years old. At the age of 12, she moved to Brooklyn, New York, to join her parents in a heavily Haitian American neighborhood. As an immigrant teenager, Edwidge's disorientation in her new surroundings was a source of discomfort for her, and she turned to literature for solace. Two years later she published her first writing in English, "A Haitian-American Christmas: Cremace and Creole Theatre," in New Youth Connections, a citywide magazine written by teenagers. She later wrote another story about her immigration experience for New Youth Connections, "A New World Full of Strangers". In the introduction to Starting With I, an anthology of stories from the magazine, Danticat wrote, “When I was done with the [immigration] piece, I felt that my story was unfinished, so I wrote a short story, which later became a book, my first novel: Breath, Eyes, Memory…Writing for New Youth Connections had given me a voice. My silence was destroyed completely, indefinitely.”
After graduating from Clara Barton High School in Brooklyn, New York, Danticat entered Barnard College in New York City. Initially she had intended on studying to become a nurse, but her love of writing won out and she received a BA in French literature in translation.
In 1993, she earned a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing from Brown University—her thesis, entitled "My turn in the fire – an abridged novel", was the basis for her novel Breath, Eyes, Memory, which was published by Soho Press in 1994. Four years later it became an Oprah's Book Club selection.
Since completing her MFA, Danticat has taught creative writing at the New York University and the University of Miami. She has also worked with filmmakers Patricia Benoit and Jonathan Demme, on projects on Haitian art and documentaries about Haïti. Her short stories have appeared in over 25 periodicals and have been anthologized several times. Her work has been translated into numerous other languages, including French, Korean, German, Italian, Spanish, and Swedish.
Danticat is a strong advocate for issues affecting Haitians abroad and at home. In 2009, she lent her voice and words to Poto Mitan: Haitian Women Pillars of the Global Economy, a documentary about the impact of globalization on five women from different generations.
Danticat has won fiction awards from Essence and Seventeen magazines, was named "1 of 20 people in their twenties who will make a difference" in Harper's Bazaar, was featured in the New York Times Magazine as one of "30 under 30" people to watch, and was called one of the "15 Gutsiest Women of the Year" by Jane Magazine.
- 1994 Fiction Award The Caribbean Writer
- 1995 Woman of Achievement Award, Barnard College
- Pushcart Short Story Prize for "Between the Pool and the Gardenias"
- National Book Award nomination for Krik? Krak!
- 1996 Best Young American Novelists for Breath, Eyes, Memory by Granta
- Lila-Wallace-Reader's Digest Grant
- 1999 American Book Award for The Farming of Bones
- The International Flaiano Prize for literature
- The Super Flaiano Prize for The Farming of Bones
- 2005 The Story Prize for The Dew Breaker
- 2007 National Book Award nomination for Brother, I'm Dying
- 2007 The National Book Critics Circle Award for Brother, I'm Dying
- 2008 Dayton Literary Peace Prize for Brother, I'm Dying
- 2009 MacArthur Fellows Program Genius grant
- 2011 Langston Hughes Medal, City College of New York
- 2011 OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature for Create Dangerously
- 2012 Smith College Honorary Degree
- 2013 Yale University Honorary Degree
- Breath, Eyes, Memory (novel, 1994)
- Krik? Krak! (stories, 1996)
- The Farming of Bones (novel, 1998)
- Behind the Mountains (young adult novel, 2002, part of the First Person Fiction series)
- After the Dance: A Walk Through Carnival in Jacmel, Haiti (travel book, 2002)
- The Dew Breaker (novel-in-stories,2004)
- Anacaona: Golden Flower, Haiti, 1490 (young adult novel, 2005, part of The Royal Diaries series)
- Brother, I'm Dying (memoir/social criticism, 2007)
- The Butterfly's Way (anthology editor)
- Create Dangerously: The Immigrant Artist at Work (essay collection, 2010)
- Tent Life: Haiti (essay contributor, 2011)
- Haiti Noir (anthology editor, 2011)
- Best American Essays, 2011 (anthology editor, October 2011)
- Claire of the Sea Light (novel, August 2013)
- "The Book of the Dead". The New Yorker: 194–. 21 June 1999.
- "Ghosts". The New Yorker 84 (38): 108–113. 24 November 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2009.
A Wall of Fire Rising
- Poto Mitan - Writer/Narrator, 2009
- Girl Rising (Haiti) - Writer/Narrator, 2013
- Jaggi, Maya (2004-11-20). "Island Memories (Profile: Edwidge Danticat)". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
- "Behind the Books: A Conversation with Edwidge Danticat". Random House. 1998. Archived from the original on 2008-11-04. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- Munro, Martin (2010-10-05). "Inside Out: A Brief Biography of Edwidge Danticat". In Munro. Edwidge Danticat: A Reader's Guide. University of Virginia Press. p. 16. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- Starting With I, edited by Andrea Estepa, 1997, p. xii.
- Harvey, Charlotte Bruce (January 2011). "Haiti's Storyteller". Brown Alumni Magazine. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- Theses & Dissertations Record from a Brown University website
- 'Breath, Eyes, Memory by Edwidge Danticat from Oprah Winfrey's official website
- "Rackstraw Downes â€" MacArthur Foundation". Macfound.org. 2009-01-26. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- "Haitian women pillars of the global economy". Poto Mitan. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- Postigo, Daniela (2007-09-21). "Author Danticat MFA’93 returns to campus for reading". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
- Hua, Cynthia; Julia Zorthian (20 May 2013). "University Confers 3,084 Degrees at 312th Commencement". Yale Daily News. Retrieved 2013-05-21.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Edwidge Danticat|
- Edwidge Danticat interview by E. Ethelbert Miller, Foreign Policy In Focus, October 16, 2007.
- Edwidge Danticat interview on Democracy Now!, video, audio, and print transcript, October 5, 2007.
- Novelist on "The Immigrant Artist at Work" - video interview by Democracy Now!