|Edwin "Ted" Astley|
12 April 1922|
Warrington, Cheshire UK
|Died||19 May 1998
Goring-on-Thames, Oxfordshire UK
Edwin Astley (1922—1998) was a British composer, occasionally credited as Ted Astley. His best known works are British television themes and scores, most notably the theme to The Saint, and Danger Man. He also successfully diversified into symphonic pop and an arrangement of his Saint theme reached number five in the UK Singles Chart.
Personal life and family
Astley married Hazel Balbirnie in 1945. Their eldest daughter Karen Astley married Pete Townshend of The Who, and their son Jon Astley produced and remastered The Who's reissues. Daughter Virginia Astley is a singer-songwriter.
In the early 1950s Astley was arranging for Geraldo, and his song "I Never Could Tell" was recorded by both Vera Lynn and Richard Tauber. His own band, the Ted Astley Orchestra, became well known in the north of England, and he wrote songs for performers such as Anne Shelton.
He wrote music for many British television series of the 1950s and 1960s, including incidental music for The Champions, and the title music to The Adventures of Robin Hood (but not the famous closing theme song), Danger Man (known as Secret Agent in the USA, where his theme music was removed in favour of a theme with lyrics), Department S, Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased), The Saint, Gideon's Way and The Baron. Most of these programmes were part of Lew Grade's showbiz empire of ATV and ITC Entertainment. These TV themes are noted for their rich melodies and lively arrangements.
Astley also wrote the turbo-charged orchestral and "opera" score for the Hammer Films production (1962) of The Phantom Of The Opera. It is a film score where he brings in his orchestral mastery blended with his emotionally powerful themes and dramatic musical gestures. While Astley may not have received great recognition for his efforts, this film music does reflect his genius and a great creative quality. His score possesses a remarkable blend of classic orchestral writing with the emotional power of pop culture. (L.M.)
Astley wrote two arrangements of his own theme for The Saint, a slow version used in the black and white episodes and a more up-tempo arrangement of the same theme for the colour episodes. He then wrote a second theme, used in the second season of the colour episodes, based around Leslie Charteris' own theme music, which had previously been used in films and on radio. Charteris' theme would also open the theme to Return of the Saint and would close the theme to the TV movies of The Saint which starred Simon Dutton (neither of which were composed by Astley); however, Astley's original Saint theme was chosen for the film of the same name.
Astley also wrote two themes for Danger Man — one for the 30-minute series entitled "The Danger Man Theme", and a new theme for the 60 minute series entitled "High Wire". Astley was asked to write music for The Prisoner, seen as a sequel of sorts to Danger Man, but had to withdraw because he felt that he would be unable to create Patrick McGoohan's vision for the score — due to McGoohan being too busy to hold meetings with him.
However, Astley showed his diversity by writing the music for Sir Kenneth Clark's celebrated 1969 BBC documentary series Civilisation, and scoring several British Transport Films including Diesel Train Ride (1959), Broad Waterways (1959/60) and The Signal Engineers (1962).
In 1997 Astley found himself at number five on the pop charts as composer of "The Saint", 33 years after he wrote it, which had been revived by Orbital for the new Saint movie. His last work was a 1998 symphonic interpretation of Who music called Who's Serious: The Symphonic Music of the Who, which followed 1995's Symphonic Music of the Rolling Stones.
Astley's actual recorded output is quite sparse, consisting of a few singles and albums of the music from The Saint and Danger Man. These were only available in the United States until 1997 when he arranged for CDs to be issued in the UK, where the albums were expensive collectors' items. Other recordings included the soundtrack for International Detective, a few library records which were only semi-official and a series of albums made by the London Symphony Orchestra which featured his work.
Recently the complete recordings of the score to Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased) was released by Network DVD in the UK. The three disc box-set featured over two hundred recorded music cues from the series, and a book detailing the music production.
Death and legacy
Astley retired in the late 1970s, and died in 1998.
Although Astley's themes had introduced a number of highly popular television shows, recognition of his death was limited to brief obituaries in the Times and the Independent. However, tributes later appeared on television and in print.
In 2001 Jools Holland presented a TV tribute called Astley's Way. Jools Holland had recorded the Danger Man theme earlier, and he appeared with The Jools Holland Rhythm and Blues Orchestra to play Theme from Danger Man, plus various other themes and incidental music composed by Astley. The documentary also included interviews with his widow, son Jon, daughter Virginia and son-in-law Pete Townshend.
The Autumn 2005 edition of ACTION TV provided a twelve-page feature on Astley, including an interview, photos, a discography and a filmography.
- Kill Her Gently (1957)
- At the Stroke of Nine (1957)
- International Detective (1959)
- Danger Man (1960)
- The Saint (TV series) (1962)
- The Phantom of the Opera (1962 film) (1962)
- Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased) (1969)
- Eder, Bruce. "Edwin T. Astley, biography". allmovie.com. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- "Edwin Astley Biography". IMDB. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- "Edwin Astley Biography". BFI. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- Virginia Astley. "News, 24th November 2001". virginiaastley.com. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- Hall, Larry and Volkman, Victor R. "Edwin Astley — the one that got away". The Prisoner Music Archive. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
- Chris Well. "Mystery TV Themes:The Saint". Retrieved 2008-04-21.
- "Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased) Original Soundtrack". Network DVD. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- "Obituary: Edwin Astley". The Independent (London). 1998-06-04. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- Edwin Astley at the Internet Movie Database
- Edwin Astley biography at BFI Screenonline
- Danger Man Theme
- The Saint Theme
- Department S Theme