Edwin B. Crocker

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Edwin B. Crocker
E B Crocker by Stephen W Shaw.jpg
Edwin B. Crocker, c. 1872 by Stephen W. Shaw
Born (1818-04-26)April 26, 1818
Jamesville, New York, USA
Died June 24, 1875(1875-06-24) (aged 57)
Sacramento, California, USA
Occupation Lawyer
California Supreme Court Justice
Known for Crocker Art Museum
Spouse(s) Mary Norton
Margaret Rhodes
Children Aimée Crocker
Jennie Crocker Fassett

Edwin Bryant Crocker (26 April 1818 – 24 June 1875) was a California Supreme Court Justice and founder of the Crocker Art Museum in Sacramento, California.


Crocker was born in Jamesville, New York. He earned a degree in civil engineering at Rensselaer Institute in Troy, New York. He went on to study law in Indiana. While there, he started a practice that earned him a reputation as an abolitionist. Upon his second marriage, to Margaret Rhodes on July 8, 1852, Crocker and his wife moved to Sacramento, California.[1]

When they arrived in Sacramento, Crocker resumed his legal career. He was also involved in politics. In 1854, he became the chair of the Republican Party. In 1863, then-Governor Leland Stanford appointed him as a Justice of the California Supreme Court. The next year, Crocker agreed to serve as legal counsel for the Central Pacific Railroad, a company run by the Big Four, which included Edwin's younger brother, Charles Crocker.[2]

Crocker Art Museum in Sacramento, California

The stress of all of his work took a toll on Crocker. He suffered from a stroke in June 1869. He retired from his other pursuits and took up less stressful hobbies. Crocker and his family traveled throughout Europe and collected art. His family renovated their home to include an art gallery. Their home and the art that they had acquired would eventually become the Crocker Art Museum.[1]


Crocker Gravesite

After his stroke, Crocker's health never fully recovered. On June 24, 1875, he died in Sacramento. He is interred in the Sacramento Historic City Cemetery in Sacramento, California.[3]


  1. ^ a b "Judge Edwin B. Crocker (1818-1875)". Crocker Art Museum. 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2011. 
  2. ^ "People & Events: Edwin Bryant Crocker (1818-1875)". Public Broadcasting Service. 1999–2003. Retrieved March 17, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Self Guided Tour". Old City Cemetery Committee, Inc. January 2006. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 

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