Edwin J. Hill

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Edwin Joseph Hill
Edwin J. Hill;h49196.jpg     Moh right.gif
Chief Boatswain Edwin J. Hill
Born (1894-10-04)October 4, 1894
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died December 7, 1941(1941-12-07) (aged 47)
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, United States
Place of burial National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (plot A-895), Honolulu, Hawii
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Navy Seal.svg United States Navy
Years of service 1912-1941
Rank Chief Boatswain
Unit USS Nevada
Battles/wars Attack on Pearl Harbor
Awards Medal of Honor

Edwin Joseph Hill (October 4, 1894 - December 7, 1941), was a United States Navy sailor who was stationed on the USS Nevada (BB-36) during the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941. He posthumously received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the battle.

Hill is most noted for having released the USS Nevada from its mooring, and then as the battleship began to steam away, jumping into the harbor, swimming after the ship, and then climbing up the battleship onto its deck to continue the fight.

Early life[edit]

Hill's birth records indicate that he was born October 4, 1894 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; however his family was from the island of Saba in the Lesser Antilles.

Military career[edit]

Hill enlisted in the United States Navy in 1912, rising to the rank of Chief Boatswain. He is a first cousin to Captain (later Rear Admiral) Herman J. Kossler, commander of the submarine USS Cavalla (SS-244) during World War II and a recipient of the Navy Cross and three Silver Stars.

During the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he was serving on board USS Nevada (BB-36). The Nevada was the only battleship that morning to attempt to make its way out of Pearl Harbor. In the midst of the attack, Hill led the ship's line-handling detail in casting off from the quays alongside Ford Island so that Nevada could get underway.

In particular, Hill is noted for having dived off the back of the Nevada into the harbor, climbing onto the dock to release the battleship from its mooring, diving back into the harbor to swim after the ship as it steamed away, and climbing back up the Nevada to resume his duties onboard during the attack.

Hill was attempting to drop anchor at the end of the battleship's brief sortie when he was killed by enemy bombs that struck the bow of the ship, claiming the lives of Hill and 46 other Nevada crewmen. Hill's body was found impacted with bullet wounds, suggesting that he may have been killed by gunfire; whether or not these wounds were sustained before or after the bomb blast will never be known; his Medal of Honor citation reports the bomb blast as being the cause of death.

Several surviving Nevada crewmen, who at time were young men of 18 and 19 years old, credit Hill with saving their lives by ordering them during the action to take protective cover behind the ship's gun turrets. (Presumably the veteran Hill recognized that these younger sailors, being completely mentally unprepared for a sudden full-scale sneak attack, would have been at great risk of becoming "cannon fodder", prompting his order for them to take cover.) These former sailors mention that Hill, who was 47 years old at the time of the attack and had 30 years of naval service, had a level of respect on par with the captain of the Nevada himself.

For his heroism during the Pearl Harbor action, Chief Boatswain Hill posthumously received the Medal of Honor. He is buried in the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (plot A-895) in Honolulu, Hawaii.[1] His grave can be found in section A, grave 895.[1]

Namesake[edit]

In 1943, the United States Navy named a destroyer escort USS Hill (DE-141) in his honor.[2]

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Medal of Honor citation:

For distinguished conduct in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. During the height of the strafing and bombing, Chief Boatswain Hill led his men of the linehandling details of the U.S.S. Nevada to the quays, cast off the lines and swam back to his ship. Later, while on the forecastle, attempting to let go the anchors, he was blown overboard and killed by the explosion of several bombs.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Naval History & Heritage Command.
  1. ^ a b "Edwin J. Hill". Find a Grave. Retrieved March 19, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Chief Boatswain Edwin J. Hill, USN, (1894-1941)". Online Library of Selected Images. Naval History & Heritage Command, Department of the Navy. December 3, 2000. Retrieved March 19, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Medal of Honor recipients". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010.