Edwin Lascelles, 1st Baron Harewood

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Not to be confused with Edwin Lascelles (MP), MP for Ripon from 1846-1857.

Edwin Lascelles, 1st Baron Harewood (1713, Barbados - 25 January 1795) was a wealthy West Indian plantation owner of English ancestry.

Life[edit]

He was the son of Henry Lascelles (1690–1753) and Mary Carter. His father split the family fortune leaving Edwin's elder brother Daniel as head of the business whilst raising Edwin as a lord of the manor over their English estates. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge[1] and on a European Grand Tour, before fighting against the Jacobites (1745) and entering Parliament as MP for Scarborough from 1744 to 1754. He was later MP for Yorkshire from 1761 to 1780 and for Northallerton from 1780 to 1790 (inheriting the latter seat from his father Henry and his brother Daniel). By 1748 Edwin was installed as Lord of the Manor of Harewood and he built Harewood House from 1759 to 1771.

On Daniel's death childless in 1784 and their only other sibling Henry's death two years later, Edwin was left in sole charge of the fortune, to which he added 22 working plantations, more than 27,000 acres (110 km2) of West Indian property and 2,947 slaves surrendered to planters' creditors as the planters defaulted on debts because of the American Revolutionary War, worth £293,000 (about £28.3 million today). A great many planters depended on their sale of sugar and molasses to the American colonies for income.

He was made Baron Harewood, of Harewood in the County of York on 9 July 1790[2] but died childless and the title became extinct. The fortune passed to Edward Lascelles (1740–1820), 1st Earl of Harewood.

Marriages[edit]

He was first married to Elizabeth Dawes, daughter of Sir Darcy Dawes, 4th Baronet, on 5 January 1746/47. His second marriage was to Lady Jane Fleming, daughter of William Coleman and Jane Seymour, and widow of Sir John Fleming, 1st Baronet, on 31 March 1770.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lascelles, Edwin (LSCS731E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13210. p. 373. 15 June 1790.

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Thompson and
William Osbaldeston
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
1744–1754
With: William Osbaldeston 1744–47
Roger Handasyde 1747–54
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Milbanke, Bt. and
William Osbaldeston
Preceded by
Viscount Downe and
Sir George Savile
Member of Parliament for Yorkshire
1761–1780
With: Sir George Savile
Succeeded by
Henry Duncombe and
Sir George Savile
Preceded by
Daniel Lascelles and
Henry Peirse
Member of Parliament for Northallerton
1754–1790
With: Daniel Lascelles 1754–80
Henry Peirse (younger) 1780–90
Succeeded by
Edward Lascelles, 1st Earl
and Henry Peirse (younger)
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Harewood
1790–1795
Succeeded by
Extinct (Earl of Harewood)