|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
|Municipality||City of Tshwane|
|• Total||6.05 km2 (2.34 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||14.4%|
|First languages (2011)|
|• Northern Sotho||2.7%|
|• S. Ndebele||2.0%|
|Postal code (street)||0022|
|Area code||+27(0)12 - 806|
Eersterust or "First Rest", often incorrectly spelled "Eersterus", is a formal South African township located within the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality and is located just about 15 km east of the Pretoria city centre. It is also referred to by locals as "Poort". Eersterust is situated west of Mamelodi.
The area was created by the government of the apartheid era, which allocated and relocated people of the Coloured race group to this area. It was laid out in 1962 on the farm Vlakfontein. The name of Eersterust is clouded in mystery. Some say it is named after the mail-coach route that went to Lydenburg during the gold rush—this being the first stop—while others speculate that it might have been the first township for coloured people established in the area.
Eersterust is seen as the gateway to the industrial areas of Pretoria, like Silverton and Waltloo. Most of the residents work in these areas, not far from home. The township has an estimated 400,000 residents. This community has evolved to develop its own cultural history including unique traditions and a way of life, based on friendliness and hospitality. Restaurants offer a unique local flavour with a variety of choices available, from traditional tastes to the spicy and adventurous. The main language is Afrikaans but many others are spoken.
Eersterust is a very religious community, and there are numerous places of worship throughout the area. The first Catholic church which dates back to the early 1950s is located here. 60% of residents are Christian, while 30% belong to other religions, including Islam.
Eersterust has six independent extensions which offer nearby schooling and transport routes. Many people have also gathered to fight crime by starting neighborhood night watch groups to assist the police in protecting their homes and streets. Local residents cleverly know their respective areas of Eersterust and its popular streets, namely Hans Coverdale Road West, Hans Coverdale Road East and Hans Coverdale Road North, these streets all begin with the name Hans Coverdale, and being long distanced allowing locals to enjoy easy navigation around the area. The naming of these respective areas are listed by its different extensions, namely ext.2, ext.3, ext.4, ext.5 and ext.6, each one of them playing a huge role in the township of Eersterust. Newspapers and the media, however, refer to the parts of the township as North, East and West.
Points of interest
- Clubs and organisations
- Club Bel Air
- Community hall
- YDO - Youth Development outreach organisation
- YMaD - Youth Making a Difference
- Boesman Care Home
- Sport & Recreation
- Eersterust Plaza (Pick 'n Pay; Jet Mart and many more)
- Butterfield Bakery
- Eersterust Civic Center
- Local tuck shops
More or less in 1905 the then-owner of a farm close to Pretoria where the township of Eersterust now resides, divided a portion of his property into plots to sell. The township was develop for Coloureds to stay there, but the plots were mainly bought by Black People (Van der Walt,1966).
The details of the initial developments are not known. According to Van der Walt (1966) the living conditions was bad during the 1930s, there was no sanitation, illnesses were common and a lot of children died then. At that time Eersterust was no more than just a squatters settlement: the house were mainly made of sink and mud and a lot more of those structure were built on the same premises. Crime skyrocketed then.
A portion of the farm (Derdepoort no.469) in Pretoria was proclaimed a Coloured area in 1958. The area was once again divided into plots after the previous owners were expropriated from the area. After the non-coloureds were relocated to another area the houses were destroyed and new ones were built. The first housing scheme consisting of 200 houses was completed during February 1962 and consisted of six economical residences. At that point in time arrangements were made to move Coloureds that were staying somewhere else in Pretoria, such as Lady Selborne, Eastwood, Claremont, Booysens and the so-called Kaapse lokasie, into Eersterust.
In 1979 there was a total of 17,000 people living in Eersterust.
Further development took place, and a total of 1207 sub-economical houses, 956 economical houses, and more or less 86 private houses were built in Eersterust.
The name Eersterust
The existence of the name is not precisely known, but according to Van der Wald (1966) there are three possibilities: 1. The then-owner that was involved in dividing the farm into plots,his daughter said that her father was an idealist and with the development of the township wanted to create the first resting in Transvaal for descendants of slaves. 2. Amongst the residence of Eersterust is said that the township was the first resting outside of Pretoria where the postman at the end of the previous century could rest after his trip between Lydenburg and Pretoria hence the name Eerste Rust. (The name is in Afrikaans.) 3. Some of the residence said that the Republican forces that came with the British during the three years of War out of Pretoria stopped at Eersterust, rested before they continued there struggle.
Housing in Eersterust
There were three types of accommodations units found in Eersterust, sub-economical units, economical units and private units. There were three sub-economical units that consisted of two-, three- and four-room houses. The two- and three-room sub-economical houses were linked together and had a combination sitting room / dining room / kitchen, had no ceiling, built in electricity points, warm water in side the house, a bathroom, a toilet inside the house and no doors and was built on small plots.
The township of Eersterust and its communities often relate to the well-known cultures of South Africa, Sport, Music and more. A very common culture is the culture found amongst the youth, of which teenagers express their love for celebrations, action, music and sports. The best-loved genre of music upon the youth is South African House.
Many other music genres are loved by the whole community and celebrated as well, such as Jazz (mostly American Jazz)hip-hop, folk music, pop, RnB, traditional, oldies (such as RocknRoll) as well as techno. As Technology is concered Disc-Jockey's and Graphic Design's such as Grafiti, is also a very well known cultural thing in this community. Sport in this township can include European Soccer, Rugby, Cricket and South African &/or Local Soccer.
Nationally across South Africa, Braai-ing is also a much loved culture in Eersterust. A celebration at local clubs, or stadiums is a well-known community culture. The Youth has also been influenced by the American Hip-Hop Culture, which is why many teenagers customise their cars in a form of "Pimping". Crime however can also be referred to as a culture in Eersterust, but only locally as Eersterust is an independent township, and only renders help from who can provide and who it can serve for, (such as the Government).
- "Main Place Eersterust". Census 2011.