Effets de soir
Effets de soir (also called effets desoir or effets de soir et de matin) are the effects of light caused by the sunset, twilight, or darkness of the early evening or matins. They appear frequently in works by such painters as Vincent van Gogh, Bernard Fries, Armand Guillaumin, and Camille Corot. Literally, it means "effects of evening" in French.
In 2008, the Museum of Modern Art curated a major exhibit of van Gogh's work of effets de soir. The exhibit included such iconic paintings as The Potato Eaters, The Sower (Van Gogh), Starry Night Over the RhoneThe Starry Night, and The Night Cafe.
Gallery of images
All of the following are by Vincent van Gogh, unless otherwise noted:
- Cosmovisions website on B. Fries(in French). Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- MoMA press release. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- A biography of Armand Guillaumin
- Cosmovisions website on Corot (in French). Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- Agora Quebec website (in French). Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- "MoMA Presents First Exhibition to Examine Van Gogh's Nocturnal Landscapes and Interiors", Art Daily, see Art Daily website. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- "The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) presents 'Van Gogh and the Colors of the Night'," Art Knowledge News website. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- Will Hubbard, "In Which The Nighttime Is The Right Time For Brushwork," September 23, 2008, found at Wordpress website. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- Trachtman, Paul (January 2009), "Night Visions", Smithsonian 39 (10): 69–73
- WebExhibits page 595