Efficiency Decoration (South Africa)
|Awarded by the Sovereign of the Commonwealth realms|
|Type||Military long service decoration|
|Eligibility||Officers of the Citizen Force|
|Awarded for||Long and meritorious service|
|Status||Discontinued in 1952|
|Clasps||Silver rose emblem|
|Related||British Efficiency Decoration
British Territorial Decoration
Canadian Efficiency Decoration
The Efficiency Decoration, post-nominal letters ED, was instituted by a Royal Warrant dated 29 December 1939 to recognise long and meritorious service as a volunteer Citizen Force officer in the Union Defence Forces.
The decoration is a distinctive South African version of the British Efficiency Decoration with a different bilingual English and Afrikaans suspender bar inscription. The equivalent award for other ranks was the Efficiency Medal.
The decoration was awarded to recognise long and meritorious service of at least twenty years as a volunteer Citizen Force officer. War service, subject to certain conditions, was counted as double time.
It was initially only awarded to Citizen Force offcers of the South African Army and South African Air Force. On 1 August 1942, when the South African Navy was established by the consolidation of the Seaward Defence Force and the South African Division of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve into the South African Naval Forces, eligibility for the award of the decoration was extended to South African Naval Citizen Force officers.
A subsequent award of this decoration for thirty years service was denoted by a silver rose emblem. A recipient that had earlier been awarded the Efficiency Medal was permitted to wear both awards, provided he had completed the service periods prescribed for both, in effect a total of 32 years service.
The decoration is struck in silver and consists of an oval wreath surrounding the crowned monogram of King George VI, "GRI", in skeletal form. It is 46 millimetres high and 35 millimetres wide and has a ring suspender.
The reverse is undecorated, with the rank, initials and surname of the recipient impressed around the perimeter.
The ribbon is 38 millimetres wide and dark green with an 8 millimetres wide lime yellow band in the centre. It is identical to the ribbons of the British Efficiency Decoration (ED), the British Territorial Decoration (TD) and the Canadian Efficiency Decoration (ED).
- Suspender bar
The ribbon hangs on a rectangular silver bar-brooch that bears the legend "UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA" and "UNIE VAN SUID-AFRIKA" in two lines. On the reverse, the bar is impressed with the silver hallmarks.
Award of the Efficiency Decoration was discontinued on 6 April 1952, when it was replaced by the John Chard Decoration, which could be awarded to both officers and other ranks of the Citizen Force.
- Alexander, EGM; Barron, GKB and Bateman, AJ (1986). South African Orders, Decorations and Medals. Cape Town: Human and Rousseau Publishers. p. 160. ISBN 0-7981-1895-4.
- Fforde, JPI; Monick, S (1986). A Guide to South African Orders, Decorations and Medals and their Ribbons 1896-1985. Johannesburg. p. 40.
- Mackay, J., Mussell, J.W., Editorial Team of Medal News, (2005), The Medal Yearbook, page 236, (Token Publishing Limited)
- "History of the SA Navy". Navy.mil.za. Retrieved 2012-07-12.