Effort optimism

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Effort optimism is the confidence that acquiring the skills valued by majority society, such as those skills measured by IQ tests, is worthwhile. Lack of effort optimism has often been described as an important part of the achievement gap between students with majority and minority background in the American educational system, in this interpretation minority students under-achieve because they have no confidence that performing well in the school system will in fact help them advance socially in the face of perceived discrimination. [1][2]


  1. ^ Effort optimism refers to how strongly a student believes that hard work/effort in school will pay off with academic/school success. A strong conviction generally results in greater success, and can become a self-fulfilling prophecy, reinforcing that belief. When the conviction is weak or nonexistent, generally students experience less success, and this reinforces the belief that effort doesn't matter. San Francisco Unified School District
  2. ^ Effort Optimism in the Classroom: Attitudes of Black and White Students on Education, Social Structure and Life Opportunities, E Matthew - 2007 - Ohio State University