Efland is located along U.S. Route 70, 3 miles (5 km) west of Hillsborough, the Orange County seat, and 5 miles (8 km) east of Mebane. It is served by exit 160 from Interstate 85. it is part of the Chapelhill Orange metropolitan statistical area
The Efland Ruritan Club hosts most of the town's activities, including an annual rodeo, lumberjack show, tractor pull, car show and HYAA youth baseball. The club began in 1981 with Ben Lloyd (former County Commissioner and Farmer) as its first president. Efland has two schools, Efland-Cheeks Elementary School and Gravelly Hill Middle School.