Egg Harbor Township, New Jersey
|Egg Harbor Township, New Jersey|
|Township of Egg Harbor|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||February 21, 1798|
|• Mayor||James J. McCullough (term ends December 31, 2013)|
|• Administrator||Peter J. Miller|
|• Clerk||Eileen M. Tedesco|
|• Total||74.934 sq mi (194.077 km2)|
|• Land||66.598 sq mi (172.488 km2)|
|• Water||8.336 sq mi (21.590 km2) 11.12%|
|Area rank||12th of 566 in state
3rd of 23 in county
|Elevation||43 ft (13 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2012)||43,628|
|• Rank||44th of 566 in state
1st of 23 in county
|• Density||650.5/sq mi (251.2/km2)|
|• Density rank||419th of 566 in state
11th of 23 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||08232, 08234|
|GNIS feature ID||0882051|
Egg Harbor Township is a township in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 43,323, reflecting an increase of 12,597 (+41.0%) from the 30,726 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,182 (+25.2%) from the 24,544 counted in the 1990 Census.
Egg Harbor Township was first mentioned as part of Gloucester County in records dating back to March 20, 1693, and at times was called New Weymouth. The township's western boundary was established on May 13, 1761, with the area called Great Egg-Harbour Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Galloway Township, which was established by Royal charter on April 4, 1774. Additional portions were taken to form Weymouth Township on February 12, 1798. On February 21, 1798, the area was incorporated as Egg-Harbour Township. Over the ensuing centuries, portions of the township were taken to create many new municipalities: Hamilton Township on February 5, 1813; Atlantic City on May 1, 1854; Absecon on May 1, 1854; South Atlantic City (now Margate City) on September 7, 1885; Pleasantville on January 10, 1889; Linwood on February 20, 1889; Somers Point on April 24, 1886; Longport on March 7, 1898; Ventnor City on March 17, 1903; and Northfield on March 21, 1905.
Great Egg Harbor got its name from Dutch explorer Cornelius Jacobsen Mey. In 1614, Mey came upon the inlet to the Great Egg Harbor River. The meadows were so covered with shorebird and waterfowl eggs that he called it "Eieren Haven" (Egg Harbor).
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Government
- 4 History
- 5 Surrounding communities
- 6 Education
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Commerce
- 9 Development and the Pine Barrens
- 10 Points of interest
- 11 Notable people
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Egg Harbor Township is located at United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 74.934 square miles (194.077 km2), of which, 66.598 square miles (172.488 km2) of it was land and 8.336 square miles (21.590 km2) of it (11.12%) was water.(39.378291,-74.599779). According to the
Portions of the township, notably the West Atlantic City and Anchorage Poynte areas, are not contiguous to the main body of the municipality, having been separated from the mainland portion of the township as municipalities were formed, largely since the boroughitis phenomenon in the 1890s.
The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Atlantic County, along with areas in Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.
1840-2000 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 43,323 people, 15,250 households, and 11,316 families residing in the township. The population density was 650.5 inhabitants per square mile (251.2 /km2). There were 16,347 housing units at an average density of 245.5 per square mile (94.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 69.78% (30,230) White, 9.58% (4,152) Black or African American, 0.38% (163) Native American, 11.76% (5,096) Asian, 0.02% (8) Pacific Islander, 5.20% (2,253) from other races, and 3.28% (1,421) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.00% (5,630) of the population.
There were 15,250 households of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the township, 26.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.2 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,754 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,024) and the median family income was $78,259 (+/- $4,966). Males had a median income of $52,615 (+/- $3,434) versus $42,227 (+/- $2,127) for females. The per capita income for the township was $29,114 (+/- $1,241). About 4.0% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 30,726 people, 11,199 households, and 8,108 families residing in the township. The population density was people per square mile (176.1/km²). There were 12,067 housing units at an average density of 179.2/sq mi (69.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 79.42% White, 10.37% African American, 0.21% Native American, 5.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.82% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.76% of the population.
There were 111,990 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the township the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $52,550, and the median income for a family was $60,032. Males had a median income of $40,033 versus $30,643 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,328. About 4.2% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Township of Egg Harbor is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government by a five-member Township Committee. Members are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms in office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for vote each year as part of the November general election. The Mayor and Deputy Mayor are chosen by the Township Committee from among its members during the Reorganization meeting each January. The members of Township Committee are part-time elected officials.
As of 2013[update], members of the Egg Harbor Township Committee are Mayor James J. McCullough (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2015; term as mayor ends 2013), Deputy Mayor Paul W. Hodson, Jr. (R, 2014), Joe Cafero (R, 2013), John Carman, Jr. (R, 2015) and Laura Pfrommer (R, 2014).
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).
The 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jim Whelan (D, Atlantic City), and in the General Assembly by John F. Amodeo (R, Margate City) and Chris A. Brown (R, Ventnor City). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Atlantic County is governed by a County Executive directly chosen by voters, with the county's legislature, the Board of Chosen Freeholders, consisting of nine members elected to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with three seats coming up for election each year; four of its members are elected at-large and there are five election districts, each of which elect a single member. The County Executive is Dennis Levinson (Linwood, term ends December 31, 2015. As of 2013[update], Atlantic County's Freeholders are the four at-large members; Colin G. Bell (Northfield, 2015), Alexander C. Marino (Linwood, 2014), Vice Chairman Joseph J. McDevitt (Ventnor City, 2013) and John W. Risley (Northfield, 2014); and five district members elected from District 1 (Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville) Charles T. Garrett (Atlantic City, 2013), District 2 - (Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Longport, Margate City, Somers Point and Ventnor City), Chairman Frank D. Formica (Atlantic City, 2015), District 3 (Egg Harbor Township (part), Hamilton Township (part), Linwood and Northfield) - Frank Sutton (Egg Harbor Township, 2014), District 4 (Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic - Richard Dase (Galloway Township, 2013) and District 5 (Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth Township) - James A. Bertino (Hammonton, 2015).
The first residents of what would become Egg Harbor Township were the Lenni Lenape Native Americans, who would spend their summers on the elevated land around the cedar swamp that is now Bargaintown Lake, as well as along the banks of Patcong Creek, where they made use of the abundant fish, shellfish, wild berries, and bird's eggs in the area and collected shells that could be carved to make wampum.
Great Egg Harbor was originally part of Gloucester County. In 1694 a law was passed that read "forasmuch as there are families settled upon the Egg Harbor, and of right ought to be under some jurisdiction, be it enacted by the authority aforesaid that the inhabitants of the said Egg Harbor shall and do belong to the jurisdiction of Gloucester."
In 1710, by an Act of the Legislature, legal boundaries of Gloucester County were set from the Delaware River, along the Burlington County line to the sea and back up the Great Egg Harbor River to the Delaware River. At that time Great Egg Harbor encompassed all of present-day Atlantic County. In 1837, Atlantic County was set apart from Gloucester County and the Townships were Egg Harbor, Galloway, Hamilton and Weymouth.
Since 1837, ten municipalities have separated from the original Egg Harbor Township, including Atlantic City (1854), Absecon (1872), South Atlantic City (now Margate) (1885), Somers Point (1886), Pleasantville (1888), Linwood (1889), Longport (1898), Brigantine (1903), Ventnor (1903) and Northfield (1905).
Egg Harbor Township includes the communities of Bargaintown (the township's seat of government), Cardiff, English Creek, Farmington, Scullville (formerly known as Jeffers), Steelmanville and West Atlantic City, as well as part of McKee City.
|Estell Manor||Pleasantville, Atlantic City
|Corbin City||Upper Township||Ventnor City, Margate City
Longport, Ocean City
Note: This includes the adjacent municipalities that are in the "West Atlantic City and Anchorage Poynte" sections.
The Egg Harbor Township Schools serve public school students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Davenport Complex with 865 students, Slaybaugh Complex with 948 students and H. Russell Swift School with 479 students for grades PreK-3, Dr. Joy D. Miller School with 1,197 students in grades 4-5, Alder Avenue Middle School with 869 students and Fernwood Avenue Middle School with 960 students for grades 6-8, along with Egg Harbor Township High School with 2,546 students in grades 9-12.
Roads and highways
The township had a total of 297.22 miles (478.33 km) of roadways, of which 206.73 miles (332.70 km) are maintained by the municipality, 65.46 miles (105.35 km) by Atlantic County, 10.10 miles (16.25 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 14.93 miles (24.03 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and South Jersey Transportation Authority.
Major county roads that pass through include CR 559, CR 563, CR 575 and CR 585. US Route 40/322 run concurrent with each other while going from east to west. US Route 9 also runs through, although very briefly concurrent with the Parkway as it crosses over the Great Egg Harbor.
The Atlantic City Expressway runs through east-west for 5.3 miles (8.5 km) connecting Pleasantville in the east to Hamilton Township in the west and connects at Interchange 7 with the Garden State Parkway (at Interchange 38) that runs through north-south for 8.6 miles (13.8 km) connecting Somers Point in the south to Galloway Township in the north.
New Jersey Transit provides bus service between Egg Harbor Township and Atlantic City on routes 502 (from Atlantic Cape Community College), 507 (from Ocean City), 508 (from Hamilton Mall) and 509 (from Ocean City).
Development and the Pine Barrens
Egg Harbor Township (along with Hamilton and Galloway Townships) has been designated a growth area by the New Jersey Pinelands Commission and is therefore currently experiencing heavy development. In exchange for the development in Egg Harbor Township, no trees are demolished for housing and other buildings in the Pine Barrens, also known as the Pinelands. This "heavy development" consists of a state mandated construction of almost 30,000 additional housing units. The neighboring communities, Galloway Township and Hamilton Township have also been assigned similar construction numbers by the New Jersey Pinelands Commission.
On January 22, 2007, the Egg Harbor Township Planning Board gave site approval for 660 new homes (and a new fire station) in the Farmington section of Egg Harbor Township. The Village at Farmington will be developed by Pulte Homes Corporation and will include 140 townhouses, 261 planned adult homes (55 and older) and 259 single family detached dwellings, as well as a community clubhouse, a second club house for 55 and older, recreation fields and walking paths to be constructed on a site covering 273.6 acres (1.107 km2). Pulte Homes will donate $800,000 to the Egg Harbor Township recreation fund because the club houses and paths do not satisfy the township's recreation requirements for a development of this size and will also contribute $350,000 for a second Farmington Fire Station and the landowners, Schoffer Enterprises, will donate the land.
Once approvals are complete, Punte says that they will build 60 units of each type per year until the project is complete. Pulte Homes Corporation plans to offer single family homes in the mid $300,000's and the adult homes for $250,000.
The Planning Board has requested that paperwork presented to the homeowners at purchase will "warn" residents that there is a nearby airport (Atlantic City International Airport, which in addition to functioning as a full service airport is home to the 177th wing of the Air National Guard and the Atlantic City base for the United States Coast Guard), meaning they will be in the approach and takeoff patterns for incoming and outgoing aircraft, the Atlantic County Municipal Utility Authority (ACMUA), where all local municipalities bring their trash and recycle, which at given times of the year brings some pretty extensive landfill odors and a shooting range nearby.
Points of interest
- The Atlantic County Bikeway stretches for 7.5 miles (12.1 km) from the Shore Mall to the Atlantic County Institute of Technology in Hamilton Township.
- Storybook Land is a park for children on a site covering 20 acres (8.1 ha) that was opened in 1955, featuring storybook characters such as Mother Goose and the Three Little Pigs.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Egg Harbor Township include:
- Biz Markie (born 1964), rapper.
- Anastasia Cannuscio (born 1992), ice dancer.
- Clique Girlz, a girl group.
- Steve Coates (born 1950), retired NHL hockey player and Philadelphia Flyers announcer.
- Toni Ann Gisondi (born 1972), best known for her role as Molly in the 1982 film, Annie.
- Steve Keiner, winner of the 1999 Nathan's Hot Dog Eating Contest in Coney Island, downing 20¼ hot dogs in 12 minutes.
- Ryan Lancaster (born 1985), professional basketball player.
- James J. McCullough (born 1942), former New Jersey State Senator who has served 24 terms as mayor of Egg Harbor Township.
- Vincent J. Polistina (born 1971), member of the New Jersey General Assembly from 2008 to 2012.
- Cathy Rush (born c. 1946), former head women's basketball coach at Immaculata University who led the team to three consecutive AIAW national titles from 1972-1974.
- Nicky Scarfo Jr. (born 1964) alleged member of the Lucchese crime family.
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- Staff. "THE PRESS ANSWER GUY", The Press of Atlantic City, January 11, 2004. Accessed May 3, 2012. "Where exactly did the name of Egg Harbor Township originate? Did it have anything to do with eggs? Answer Guy: Yes. If you believe the local lore, the area got its name when Dutch Capt. Cornelius Jacobsen Mey hopped off his boat Fortuyn in 1614 and found he couldn't walk anywhere without stepping on egg."
- Lemongello, Steven. "Egg Harbor Township borders leave locals, businesses confused", The Press of Atlantic City, December 27, 2011. Accessed July 2, 2012. "Besides the main section, which contains the vast majority of residents and businesses, there is the West Atlantic City section — snugly squeezed between the embracing arms of Pleasantville — and also the large swath of marshes and islands between the mainland towns and Absecon Island.... The brand-new communities — many of them created during the manic period of “borough-itis” in the late 1890s, when dozens of practically postage stamp-sized towns across the state broke away to take advantage of a school tax loophole — took the easy route when deciding which land to include."
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- Staff. "CELEBRATING A COUNTY'S BIRTH WITH A TRIP THROUGH TIME", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 11, 1987. Accessed May 3, 2012. "Their destination: a Lenape River tavern on Sugar Hill, where on May 10, 1837, nine founding freeholders met to organize Atlantic County.... At its conception, Atlantic County had four townships - Egg Harbor, Hamilton, Galloway and Weymouth - and 8164 people"
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- Data for the Egg Harbor Township Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 26, 2013.
- Davenport Complex, Egg Harbor Township Schools. Accessed July 26, 2013.
- Slaybaugh Complex, Egg Harbor Township Schools. Accessed July 26, 2013.
- H. Russell Swift School, Egg Harbor Township Schools. Accessed July 26, 2013.
- Dr. Joy D. Miller School, Egg Harbor Township Schools. Accessed July 26, 2013.
- Alder Avenue Middle School, Egg Harbor Township Schools. Accessed July 26, 2013.
- Fernwood Avenue Middle School, Egg Harbor Township Schools. Accessed July 26, 2013.
- Egg Harbor High School, Egg Harbor Township Schools. Accessed July 26, 2013.
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- Ortiz, Erik. "Tight spending leaves malls with an empty feeling", The Press of Atlantic City, January 24, 2010. Accessed May 3, 2012. "Shore Mall, which opened in 1968, is made up primarily of smaller, independent retailers as opposed to the national chains with greater access to capital."
- "Liveable Community Plan: Egg Harbor Township", New Jersey Pinelands Commission, March 2007. Accessed May 3, 2012.
- Atlantic County Bikeway, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 21, 2013. "The Atlantic County Park System has completed the 7.56 mile bike and pedestrian path running from the Shore Mall in Egg Harbor Township to the Atlantic County Vocational Technical School in Hamilton Township also known as the bikeway east."
- D'Amico, Diane. "At the shore today / A Storybook outing / Spend the day riding the rides and hanging with the fairy tale characters", The Press of Atlantic City, August 12, 2008. Accessed September 21, 2013.
- Loughlin, Sean. "Rakim, Biz Markie, Special Ed, Slick Rick make way to House of Blues Friday", Atlantic City Insiders, August 20, 2012. Accessed September 21, 2013. "Born in Egg Harbor Township and raised in Long Island, N.Y., Biz Markie exploded in 1989 with the hit single 'Just a Friend.'"
- Ashe, Kelly. "Egg Harbor Township's Anastasia Cannuscio earns a berth in a world championship ice dancing event", The Press of Atlantic City, February 1, 2011. Accessed September 21, 2013. "But Egg Harbor Township's Anastasia Cannuscio and her partner, Colin McManus, will get one more opportunity to perform at the 2011 World Junior Figure Skating Championships in Gangneung, South Korea, Feb. 28-March 6."
- Shanfield, Sarah. "Clique Girlz just wanna have fun", Metro Boston, July 2, 2008. Accessed July 3, 2008. "It’s not easy to get Clique Girlz to sit down for an interview. So says their stage mom, as the three teens run down the docks to look at the boats in their hometown of Egg Harbor Township, New Jersey."
- Lulgjuraj, Susan. "Egg Harbor Township's Steve Coates in Flyers' corner as their voice on radio, TV", The Press of Atlantic City, June 3, 2010. Accessed March 12, 2011. "When loyal fans think about the Flyers, the Egg Harbor Township resident often comes to mind. The 59-year-old has broadcast Flyers games on radio and television for the last 30 years."
- Ramirez, Christopher. "Egg Harbor Township marks 300th birthday with bash at the Shore Mall", The Press of Atlantic City, January 20, 2012. Accessed March 5, 2012. "Cub Scout Pack 94 will lead in a flag salute and township resident Toni Ann Gisondi-Pugliese will sing the national anthem."
- McFadden, Robert D. "Holiday Parades March By, But the Heat Is Just Settling In", The New York Times, July 5, 1999. Accessed December 20, 2007. "As a crowd wavering between nausea and fascination watched for 12 minutes, Steve Keiner, 50, of Egg Harbor Township, N.J., downed 20 and one-quarter hot dogs to defeat the reigning Hirofumi Nakajima, a 134-pound former noodle-eating champ from Japan, who managed only 19 franks."
- Staff. "Sports in Brief: Hull, Richter, Leetch in U.S. Hockey Hall", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 13, 2008. Accessed January 20, 2011. "The native of Egg Harbor Township is the Tigers' seventh all-time career scorer with 1,636."
- Elected Officials, Township of Egg Harbor. Accessed September 21, 2013. "James J. "Sonny" McCullough is currently serving his 24th term as Mayor of Egg Harbor Township (1986, 1988-1992 and 1996-2013).... Former State Senator of District 2."
- Barlas, Thomas. "FOURTH REPUBLICAN SEEKING ASSEMBLY SEAT", The Press of Atlantic City, March 14, 2007. Accessed September 21, 2013. "A fourth Republican is now seeking to be an assemblyman from the 2nd Legislative District. Egg Harbor Township resident Vince Polistina said he wants to 'change the course of this state now.'"
- Lulgjuraj, Susan. "'The Mighty Macs,' based on Oakcrest High grad Cathy Rush, set for release today", The Press of Atlantic City, October 21, 2011. Accessed October 28, 2011. "Cathy Rush invited friends to her home in Ventnor a couple of years ago to watch an advance copy of the movie The Mighty Macs....Rush, a native of West Atlantic City in Egg Harbor Township, saw the filming of this movie.... 'My stomach dropped,' said Rush, a 1964 Oakcrest High School graduate. 'It was the most disconcerting thing because it was real.'"
- Schaffer, Regina. "FBI searches Scarfo's Egg Harbor Township home", The Press of Atlantic City, May 10, 2008. Accessed September 21, 2013. "FBI agents on Thursday seized documents from the Egg Harbor Township home of Nicodemo S. Scarfo -- son of jailed mob boss Nicodemo 'Little Nicky' Scarfo -- in what appears to be a financial investigation, according to an attorney."
- Egg Harbor Township Official Website
- Egg Harbor Township Schools
- Egg Harbor Township Schools's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Egg Harbor Township Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Egg Harbor Township Community Site (Unofficial)
- Egg Harbor Township Community Website (Free)
- Pinelands Commission Official Website
- The Current of Egg Harbor Township