Egg foo young
|Egg foo young|
|Pork Egg Foo Young With Brown Gravy|
Egg foo young (Chinese: 芙蓉蛋; Jyutping: fu4 jung4 daan2, also spelled egg fooyung, egg foo yong, egg fu yung, or egg furong) is an omelette dish found in Chinese Indonesian, British and Chinese American Cuisine. The name comes from the Cantonese language. Egg foo young is derived from Fu Yung Egg Slices, a mainland Chinese recipe from Shanghai.
Literally meaning "lotus egg", this dish is prepared with beaten eggs and minced ham. It may be made with various vegetables such as bean sprouts, bamboo shoots, sliced cabbage, spring onions, mushrooms and water chestnuts. When meat is used as an ingredient, a choice of roast pork, shrimp, chicken, beef, or lobster may be offered.
In Chinese Indonesian cuisine, it is well known as Fu yung hai or sometimes spelled as Pu yung hai, the ingredients of the omelette usually made from the mixture of vegetables such as carrots, bean sprouts and cabbages, mixed with meats such as crab meat, shrimp or minced chicken. The dish is served in sweet and sour sauce with peas.
In Western countries, the dish usually appears as a well-folded omelette with the non-egg ingredients embedded in the egg mixture, covered in or served with sauce or gravy. Chinese chefs in the United States, at least as early as the 1930s, created a pancake filled with eggs, vegetables, and meat or seafood. In a U.S. regional variation, many American-Chinese restaurants in St. Louis, Missouri, serve what is called a St. Paul sandwich, which is an egg foo young patty served with mayonnaise, dill pickle, and sometimes lettuce and tomato between two slices of white bread.
In Japanese Chinese cuisine, the dish kani-tama (かに玉 or 蟹玉) is similar, using crab meat instead of ham or other meats.
Certain incarnations of the Korean-Chinese dish jjajang bokkeumbap (자장 볶음밥) are similar; in essence the dish consists of jjajang (a dark brown, black bean and meat sauce) and fried rice, with an optional fried egg or egg-foo-young-like omelet atop the rice.
In Malay cuisine, it is similar to telur bungkus, which literally means "wrapped egg" (the wrap usually contains chicken or beef, onions, mushrooms, vegetables, and gravy, wrapped inside the egg)
See also 
- The Daily Telegraph - Comment - Personal View - Spare ribs, egg foo-yung, chop-suey and plenty of fried rice: how to murder a Chinese, 8 January 2006
- Egg Foo Yung - History, Tips, Recipes for Chinese Egg Foo Yung, About.com
- "Mushroom Egg Foo Yung Recipe on Recidemia" http://en.recidemia.com/wiki/Mushroom_Egg_Foo_Yung
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