||This article possibly contains original research. (February 2013)|
|Main ingredients||Bread, eggs (boiled eggs or egg salad)|
|Cookbook:Egg sandwich Egg sandwich|
|This section requires expansion. (February 2013)|
Whilst egg sandwich history started before this, during World War II and prompted by meat rations, a manager for a White Castle at St. Louis introduced the first fast food egg dish with a fried egg sandwich. However, the dish was unpopular, and was abandoned as soon as the meat rations were lifted.
Types of egg sandwich
Beyond the basic model of fried egg between slices of bread, many common sandwiches have variations that include a fried egg in addition to bacon, sausage, cheese, black pudding, cold cuts, or as another topping to a hamburger. A popular breakfast sandwich in New Jersey consists of a fried egg, pork roll, and American cheese on a roll, often topped with salt, pepper, and ketchup. The Southern egg sandwich consists of bread, egg, cheese, and mayonnaise. A savory/sweet variation from California is the Lawler Sandwich; it is made of a fried egg (broken yolk), bread, cheese, mayonnaise, and jam (typically raspberry).
Fried egg sandwiches
A 1910 New York Times article shows that at that time, fried egg sandwiches were the epitome of the prosaic. It describes a motion picture set where actors are rehearsing a "trick picture" (i.e. a special effects scene). The reporter, watching actors in costume killing time while awaiting their cues, says "the horrible Frankenstein smoking a pipe and discussing the weather and the political situation was odd, but it was hard to beat two deathlike phantoms eating fried egg sandwiches!"
In her memoir, food writer Gael Greene writes of a brief and casual romantic encounter with Elvis Presley. At its conclusion, he gestured toward the phone and asked "Would you mind calling room service and ordering me a fried egg sandwich?" Greene says "The fried egg sandwich—that part I remember. I can't remember how big It was, how long the sex lasted, or who was on top (probably me). But I have never forgotten the fried egg sandwich. Yes, the totemic fried egg sandwich. At that moment, it might have been clear I was born to be a restaurant critic."
A 1905 British cookbook describes an "egg sandwich" made with sliced hard-boiled eggs, marinated in oil, vinegar, salt, and pepper, and garnished with minced watercress. An "egg and chutney sandwich" is made from chutney and minced hard-boiled eggs; an "egg cream" sandwich from hard-boiled eggs pounded into a smooth paste and seasoned with anchovies and mustard. A common alternative is to mash the hard-boiled egg together with mayonnaise, salt and black pepper, usually called simply "egg spread". Called an "egg mayonnaise" or "egg mayo" sandwich by some people. Cress is often seen as the typical accompaniment to an egg sandwich.
It is worth noting in passing that the term "sandwich" in English or Australian use always refers to a filling of any sort between two slices of bread: that is, bread slices from a loaf. An egg sandwich is thus egg between two bread slices. The same filling served in a cut roll, bagel, muffin or the like is not, ever, a "sandwich". It is an egg roll, egg bagel, egg muffin etc. See OED Sandwich entry.
A popular filling snack with British troops since at least World War I, the "egg banjo" is a sandwich of a runny fried egg between two thick slices of bread (if possible, buttered or with margarine), often accompanied by a mug of "gunfire" (gunfire (drink)). The term "banjo" has been claimed to come from the actions taken when bitten into: yolk would drip down onto the shirt or chest, the sandwich then held out to the side with one hand whilst the other wiped at the drips, giving the impression of playing an invisible banjo.
Egg banjos are still quite common in certain Commonwealth countries. For example, sold by roadside burger vendors or, in Malaysia, as street food.
- Eggs Benedict, a form of open-faced egg sandwich
- Egg McMuffin, a popular fast-food breakfast egg sandwich
- Breakfast sandwich, a general article about sandwiches served at breakfast, including the egg sandwich
- List of sandwiches
- Food portal
- Smith, Andrew F. (2006). "Egg Fast Food". Encyclopedia of Junk Food and Fast Food. Greenwood Press. p. 86. ISBN 9780313335273. LCCN 2006012113.
- "Moving Pictures Sound Melodrama's Knell," The New York Times, March 20, 1910, p. SM7
- Greene, Gael (2006). Insatiable: Tales from a Life of Delicious Excess. Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-57699-9.p. 10
- Beaty-Pownal, S. (1905). The "Queen" Cookery Books No. 9: Salads, Sandwiches, and Savories, Second Edition. London: Horace Cox. pp. 33-4, online . Note: description based on Google Books title page, which differs slightly from Google Books "about this book" information.
- The Concise New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, Tom Daziel and Terry Victor, p.1246, ISBN 0415212596
- The Official ARRSE Guide to the British Army Hardcover, 2011, Major Des Astor, ISBN 0593065611, p157
- Egg Salad Sandwich (the only one I'll eat) Recipe - 101 Cookbooks
- Media related to Egg sandwich at Wikimedia Commons