History and profile
For many years Egin was accused of being used by the separatist organization Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA). In 1994, the Ertzaintza (Basque police) searched the headquarters of Egin. At dawn on July 14, 1998 Judge Baltasar Garzón ordered the precautionary closure of both media and the arrest of several of Orain, SA directives. In August 1999, the judge authorised the reopening of the newspaper. However, by then the machinery had been dismantled or left useless by lack of upkeep, with the promoters having no funds, since they were being used to pay bails and fines imposed on the defendants. The newspaper remained closed.
After over 10 years of proceedings, in 2009 the Spanish High Court overruled a previous sentence, declaring that no illicit activity was engaged by the newspaper and radio station Egin.
The closure of newspaper Egin was followed by the release of Gara, relying initially on popular subscription. In 2004, the only Basque language newspaper Egunkaria was shut down in a Civil Guard raid on similar circumstances, and similar outcome: acquittal and case dismissed.
- Katrin Voltmer (2006). Mass Media and Political Communication in New Democracies. Psychology Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-415-33779-3. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- Sentencia íntegra del Tribunal Supremo Full sentence of the High Court , 22 May 2009.
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