Eglantyne Louisa Jebb (1845-1925) was a social reformer. Born in Killiney, Ireland, she married her cousin Arthur Trevor Jebb (1839-1894), a barrister and landowner from Ellesmere, Shropshire. Her brother was the classicist Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb. A keen supporter of the arts and crafts movement, in 1884 she founded the Home Arts and Industries Association as a way of reviving country crafts and overcoming rural poverty.
Two of her daughters, Eglantyne Jebb and Dorothy Buxton, founded the Save the Children Fund, and Eglantyne Jebb also wrote the Declaration of the Rights of the Child.