Egmore

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Egmore
எழும்பூர்
neighbourhood
Egmore is located in Chennai
Egmore
Egmore
Coordinates: 13°04′41″N 80°15′32″E / 13.078°N 80.259°E / 13.078; 80.259Coordinates: 13°04′41″N 80°15′32″E / 13.078°N 80.259°E / 13.078; 80.259
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
District Chennai
Metro Chennai
Named for Railway Station
Government
 • Type Corporation
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 600008
Vidhan Sabha constituency Egmore

Egmore (originally Ezhumbur) ("எழும்பூர்") is one of the busiest neighbourhoods of Chennai (Madras), Tamil Nadu, India. Government Museum (Chennai) founded in 1851 is located in Egmore. Egmore is served by the Chennai Egmore railway station.

History[edit]

Egmore is the Anglicized form of "Ezhumbur" the name of a pre-British era village situated on the northern banks of the River.[1] Despite the fact that Egmore had been a part of the East India Company's possessions since 1720, it was not until the "Golden age of British rule" stretching from 1858 to 1947 that Egmore witnessed some real growth. The Egmore Museum was one of the first notable monuments to be constructed here. The construction of this famous landmark was undertaken immediately after the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. The Connemara Library was created as an annex housing the Museum's vast book collection and became operational in 1896.

Egmore, in 1796, was the site of the Military Male Orphan Asylum near Madras. This asylum was headed by Andrew Bell, who invented the Madras System for schooling there.

Location in context[edit]

Various buildings[edit]

Egmore Railway station
Museum Theatre in Government museum, Egmore, Chennai
St Andrew's Church
Connemara Public Library
Churches
  • St. Andrew's Church (an old Scottish Presbyterian Church commonly referred to as the 'Kirk')
  • Good Shepherd’s Convent
  • Wesley Church, a Methodist church on the Poonamallee High Road. The church was established and consecrated in 1905 on the site of a garden house purchased by the Mission in 1892.[2]
Education

Politics[edit]

Egmore vote
by alliance in assembly elections
Year All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
2006 40.3% 31,975 48.5% 38,455
2001 47.6% 33,103 47.7% 33,189
1996 19.7% 13,876 72.6% 51,061
1991 47.8% 21,936 50.5% 23,139
1989* 21.1% 16,124 49.8% 38,032
1984 47.4% 27,246 51.8% 29,795
1980 37.6% 23,444 61.2% 38,200
1977 28.0% 19,414 38.6% 26,746

State assembly politics[edit]

Egmore has been a stronghold for Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), ever since the party's creation. Other than barely losing to Congress in 1962 election, it has consistently voted for DMK, even during times of low popularity for the DMK. However it is worth noting, that recently the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK), have made significant in-grounds, like they have in many localities around Chennai, which used to be DMK strongholds. Egmore is also 1 of the two total constituents won by DMK in 1991 election. This constituent is reserved for scheduled caste. This is also the first MLA seat held by K. Anbazhagan, when he won it in 1957 election.

  • Note: In 1989, ADMK was split between Janaki faction and Jayalalithaa faction, and only the Jayalalithaa faction is reported in the ADMK column since they were the highest vote getter from the divided faction. The Janaki faction got 4,293, which is about 5.6% of the voters.

Lok Sabha politics[edit]

Egmore assembly constituency is part of Chennai Central (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

Transport[edit]

Madras Egmore railway station in 1926

Egmore Railway Station is the second most important in the state of Tamil Nadu after the Chennai Central Railway Station. It was constructed in 1908 and functioned as the headquarters of the now defunct Madras and South Mahratta Railway till 1951.

Egmore is well connected to other parts of the city. Many of the state-run Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) buses run through Egmore. Egmore has its own suburban train station on the Chennai Beach - Tambaram railway line, which connects it to other parts of the city.

References[edit]

External links[edit]