The occultic practice of ego death as "mystical experience" variously overlaps with, but is distinct from, traditions concerning Buddhist enlightenment and Nirvana (in Buddhism), or Moksha[note 4] (in Hinduism and Jainism). These latter concepts are understood as transcendence of the notion of non-illusory ego[note 5] with which to experience death.[note 6]
Characterizations and perceptions
Ego death is characterized[note 7] as the perceived loss of boundaries between self and environment, a sense of the loss of control, personal agents, and cognitive-associations. This re-organization, reidentification, and reinterpretation of boundaries between self and environment is experienced through sensations[note 8] of wholeness[note 9] or by refutation of the "I".
Methods and experiences
- soul-searching,[note 11]
- lucid dreaming,
- sleep deprivation,
- spiritual fasting,
- psychedelics (psychedelic experience), or
- isolation effects.
Modern claims of ego death
Instances serving to illustrate the precept of experiential claims include those of Ramana Maharshi and U. G. Krishnamurti. Eckhart Tolle claims that he underwent the experience in 1977 after having suffered from long periods of suicidal depression. He says he woke up in the middle of that night and thought,
|“||I couldn’t live with myself any longer. And in this a question arose without an answer: who is the ‘I’ that cannot live with the self? What is the self? I felt drawn into a void. I didn’t know at the time that what really happened was the mind-made self, with its heaviness, its problems, that lives between the unsatisfying past and the fearful future, collapsed. It dissolved.||”|
Tolle recalls going out for a walk in London the next morning, and finding that “everything was miraculous, deeply peaceful. Even the traffic".
Psychedelic users[note 12] of psilocybin,[note 13] DMT, LSD, DXM, Ketamine, Methoxetamine or 2C-P report experiences of ego death along with other mystical experiences common with psychedelic substances. Studies of psychedelics report subjective observations of dying and mortality, transcendence, and expansion of consciousness.
- Altered states of consciousness
- Carl Gustav Jung
- Charles Sanders Peirce
- Cognitive dissonance
- Collective unconscious
- Dance of death
- Death, Brain death, and Near-death experience
- Depersonalization and derealization
- Ego (religion)
- Ego in Spiritual materialism
- Ganzfeld effect
- Gnosis and Kenosis
- Holotropic Breathwork
- Mystical psychosis
- Night of Pan
- Psychedelic experience and Entheogenics
- Self (spirituality)
- Self (philosophy)
References and notes
- Grof, Stanislav (1988), The Adventure of Self-Discovery: I : Dimensions of Consciousness : II : New Perspectives in Psychotherapy, SUNY Press
- Death--and after? By Annie Wood Besant
- Death. By Maurice Maeterlimck
- The Greatest Good of Mankind: Physical Or Spiritual Life. By William Wenzlick. p86
- Lucifer, Volume 11. George Redway, 1893. p99
- The Encyclopaedia of Death and Life in the Spirit-world, Volume 3. By John Reynolds Francis
- Concepts of Monism. By A. Worsley. p101, p233
- That Is That: Essays about True Nature. By Nirmal
- The Adventure of Self-Discovery. By Stanislav Grof
- Psychology of the Future: Lessons from Modern Consciousness Research. By Stanislav Grof. p92
- An Encyclopedia of Shamanism, Volume One: A-M, Volume 1. By Christina Pratt. p156
- The Psychedelic Experience: A Manual Based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead. By Timothy Leary, Ram Dass.
- Synchronicity and Hitting-bottom. By Kaye Rossi. p96
- Gleanings of a Mystic: A Series of Essays on Practical Mysticism. By Max Heindel.
- Christianity as Mystical Fact: And the Mysteries of Antiquity. By Rudolf Steiner. p29
- How to Make Perfection Appear. By Katharine Francis Pedrick. Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Company, 1919.
- The Philosophy of Mysticism. By Edward Ingram Watkin.p129
- The problem of knowledge. By Douglas Clyde Macintosh. p80
- The Principles of Psychology, Volume 2. By William James. Macmillan, 1891.
- Beyond the pleasure principle. By Sigmund Freud, C. J. M. Hubback. The International psycho-analytical press, 1922.
- Moving Beyond Deliberative Control of Impulses. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02372.x Psychological Science July 2009 vol. 20 no. 7 799-804
- Rick E. Ingram. Toward an information-processing analysis of depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research October 1984, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 443-477. www.essentia.fr
- Francine Shapiro, Louise Maxfield. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
- The Entheogen Theory of Religion and Ego Death
- Altered States of Consciousness ARNOLD M. LUDWIG, MD Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1966;15(3):225-234. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1966.01730150001001.
- Individual and Group Decision Making: Current Issues. Sherolyn Converse, "Shared mental models in expert team decision making". Edited by N. John Castellan. Psychology Press, Feb 1, 2013.
- Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice. By Antoine Lutz, Lawrence L. Greischar, Nancy B. Rawlings, Matthieu Ricard, and Richard J. Davidson
- A Cyclopedia of Education, Volume 1. Edited by Paul Monroe. p614
- Suggestion Instead of Medicine. By Charles Mason Barrows
- 'Dialogues With Emerging Spiritual Teachers, by John W. Parker Sagewood Press, 2000.
- DMT, Moses, and the Quest for Transcendence. sprott.physics.wisc.edu.
- The Doors of Perception and Heaven & Hell. By Aldous Huxley. Chatto and Windus, 1968.
- See also: Nondualism, Illusory conjunctions
- "Ego" is a Latin and Greek (ἑγώ) word meaning "I", often used in English to mean the "self", "identity" or other related concepts.
- In this concern the difference between dissolution of ahamkara, false ego which keeps soul conditioned in material world kapla after kalpa, life after life, birth after birth.
- There is difference here in oneness of devotees, vaisnavas (in Krishna consciousness) and impersonality.
- Or, false ego (fear, anxiety)
- In spiritual world and associate with other devotees of Bhagavan Krishna (expanded as Paramatmas, Vishnus, Narayanas), ego death is the cessation of material desires and impersonal liberation.
- See also: Mathematical characterizations
- Not necessarily through the sensory system.
- And, therefore, there is no differentiation of "I" and "universe" (cosmos).
- See also: philosophical affections
- Examination and self-analysis of motives, convictions, and attitudes
- Including, but not exclusively of, addicts
- See also: Mystical experiences of psilocybin