EgyptSat 2

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EgyptSat 2
EgyptSat 2.jpg
Mission type Remote sensing
Operator NARSS
COSPAR ID 2014-021A[1][2]
SATCAT № 39678[2]
Website www.narss.sci.eg
Mission duration 11 years[3]
Spacecraft properties
Bus 559GK[1]
Manufacturer RSC Energia
Launch mass 1,050 kilograms (2,310 lb)[1][4]
Power 3000 watts[3][5]
Start of mission
Launch date APRIL 16, 2014, 16:20 (2014-04-16UTC16:20Z) UTC[5]
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur 31/6
Orbital parameters
Perigee 436 kilometres (271 mi)
Apogee 703 kilometres (437 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 96.05 min
Epoch 17 April 2014, 04:55 UTC[2]
Main
Name EgyptSat 2
Resolution 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) (Pan)
4 metres (13 ft) (MS)

EgyptSat 2 also called (MisrSat 2) is Egypt's second remote sensing Earth observation satellite built by the Russian RSC Energia and the Egyptian NARSS while the incorporated cameras and payload was developed by OAO Peleng and NIRUP Geoinformatsionnye Sistemy in Belarus.[1]

EgyptSat 2 was launched on board a Soyuz-U rocket on 16 April 2014 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome[6] which was a milestone toward establishing the Egyptian Space Agency.[7]

History[edit]

EgyptSat 2 was planned to be launched in October 1, 2013 but the launch was put on hold on 2011[2] following all contact being lost with EgyptSat 1 due to a failure of its S-Band communication system.[8]

Overview[edit]

In 2007, Egypt made its first attempt to launch a high-resolution surveillance satellite launching the Ukrainian-made EgyptSat 1, but the satellite failed prematurely after 3 years, However, Egypt continued working with Yuzhnoye Design Bureau for the next project, until it received a bid from Russia to supply a state-of-the-art "eye in the sky". Negotiations lasted for more than four years until Egypt awarded the contract to Russia for the development of a high-resolution imaging satellite.

The project was handled by RKK Energia based on Korolev on the behalf of Russia, codenamed "E-Star".[9] 60 percent of the satellite's hardware was made by Egypt.[10] Russia also trained Egyptian engineers to control the satellite from a ground station near Cairo. The cost of the project is rumored to be around 40 million dollar fully funded by the Egyptian Armed Forces.[9]

The ship was shipped to Baikonur on February 2014 and was launched on April 16, 2014.

Description[edit]

EgyptSat-2 is a hexagonal satellite, equipped with three deployable, fixed solar arrays and nickel-hydrogen batteries, and Its optical imaging payload will cover the visible and infrared spectral bands, providing a ground resolution of 13.1 feet (four meters) for multispectral imagery and 3.3 feet (one meter) for panchromatic imagery. It includes total coverage of Egypt’s land and maritime territory and their environs.[10]

Mission[edit]

The satellite is supposed to supply the Egyptian government with high-resolution views of Earth for environmental, scientific and military applications.[6] Data will be transmitted through an X-band communications terminal at a rate of 300-600 Mbit/s to ground stations located near Cairo and Aswan.[10]

According to Tal Dekel, a research fellow at Tel Aviv University’s Yuval Ne’eman Workshop for Science, Technology and Security, few were aware of the extent of Egypt’s satellite program and the satellite is disguised as scientific research but the truth it would be used by the Egyptian Armed Forces as a spying satellite.[9]

EgyptSat 2 acquired its first images on April 30, that released by RSC Energia showing Taylor Bay and Melbourne, Australia.[5]

See also[edit]

External media
Images
[1]Russia launches spy satellite for Egypt. russianspaceweb. 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
Video
[2]Пуск РКН Союз-У с КА EgyptSat 2 /ايجيبت سات. Телестудия Роскосмоса. 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
[3]Вывоз РКН Союз-У с КА EgyptSat 2. Телестудия Роскосмоса. 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "EgyptSat 2 (MisrSat 2)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "2014 - Launches to Orbit and Beyond". Zarya Soviet, Russian and international space flight. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "EgyptSat-2 (MisrSat-2) spacecraft launch". Center for Operation of Space Ground-Based Infrastructure. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Satellite: EgyptSat-2". Observing Systems Capability Analysis and Review Tool. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Soyuz U Rocket successfully launches EgyptSat-2 Earth Observation Satellite". spaceflight101. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Egyptian reconnaissance satellite launched by Soyuz". spaceflightnow. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Egyptsat-2 a Step Towards Egyptian Space Agency". allafrica. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "EgyptSat 1 (MisrSat 1)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c YAAKOV LAPPIN. "Egypt struggles for spy satellite program progress". Jeursalem Post. 
  10. ^ a b c "EgyptSat-2 Ready to Launch Wednesday Atop Soyuz-U Booster". America Space.