|Mission type||Remote sensing|
|Mission duration||11 years|
|Launch mass||1,050 kilograms (2,310 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||APRIL 16, 2014, 16:20UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur 31/6|
|Perigee||436 kilometres (271 mi)|
|Apogee||703 kilometres (437 mi)|
|Epoch||17 April 2014, 04:55 UTC|
|Resolution||1 metre (3 ft 3 in) (Pan)
4 metres (13 ft) (MS)
EgyptSat 2 also called (MisrSat 2) is Egypt's second remote sensing Earth observation satellite built by the Russian RSC Energia and the Egyptian NARSS while the incorporated cameras and payload was developed by OAO Peleng and NIRUP Geoinformatsionnye Sistemy in Belarus.
EgyptSat 2 was planned to be launched in October 1, 2013 but the launch was put on hold on 2011 following all contact being lost with EgyptSat 1 due to a failure of its S-Band communication system.
In 2007, Egypt made its first attempt to launch a high-resolution surveillance satellite launching the Ukrainian-made EgyptSat 1, but the satellite failed prematurely after 3 years, However, Egypt continued working with Yuzhnoye Design Bureau for the next project, until it received a bid from Russia to supply a state-of-the-art "eye in the sky". Negotiations lasted for more than four years until Egypt awarded the contract to Russia for the development of a high-resolution imaging satellite.
The project was handled by RKK Energia based on Korolev on the behalf of Russia, codenamed "E-Star". 60 percent of the satellite's hardware was made by Egypt. Russia also trained Egyptian engineers to control the satellite from a ground station near Cairo. The cost of the project is rumored to be around 40 million dollar fully funded by the Egyptian Armed Forces.
The ship was shipped to Baikonur on February 2014 and was launched on April 16, 2014.
EgyptSat-2 is a hexagonal satellite, equipped with three deployable, fixed solar arrays and nickel-hydrogen batteries, and Its optical imaging payload will cover the visible and infrared spectral bands, providing a ground resolution of 13.1 feet (four meters) for multispectral imagery and 3.3 feet (one meter) for panchromatic imagery. It includes total coverage of Egypt’s land and maritime territory and their environs.
The satellite is supposed to supply the Egyptian government with high-resolution views of Earth for environmental, scientific and military applications. Data will be transmitted through an X-band communications terminal at a rate of 300-600 Mbit/s to ground stations located near Cairo and Aswan.
According to Tal Dekel, a research fellow at Tel Aviv University’s Yuval Ne’eman Workshop for Science, Technology and Security, few were aware of the extent of Egypt’s satellite program and the satellite is disguised as scientific research but the truth it would be used by the Egyptian Armed Forces as a spying satellite.
EgyptSat 2 acquired its first images on April 30, that released by RSC Energia showing Taylor Bay and Melbourne, Australia.
|Russia launches spy satellite for Egypt. russianspaceweb. 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.|
|Пуск РКН Союз-У с КА EgyptSat 2 /ايجيبت سات. Телестудия Роскосмоса. 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.|
|Вывоз РКН Союз-У с КА EgyptSat 2. Телестудия Роскосмоса. 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.|
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