Egyptian Air Defense Forces
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2009)|
|Egyptian Air Defense Command
قوات الدفاع الجوي
|Active||1968 - Present|
|Type||Land Based Aerial Defense Network|
|Part of||Egyptian Armed Forces|
|Motto||إيمان, عزم, مجد
Faith, Will, Glory
|Commander Of The Egyptian Air Defense||Lt. Gen. Abd Al-Moniem Al-Terras|
|Chief of Air Defense Staff||Maj. Gen. Abou-elmagd Ahmed Haroun|
|Insignia||Egyptian Army ranks|
The Egyptian Air Defense Command or EADC (Arabic: قوات الدفاع الجوي, Quwwat El-Difa' El-Gawwi), is Egypt's military command responsible for air defense, part of the Military of Egypt. Egypt patterned its Air Defense Force (ADF) after the Soviet Air Defence Forces, which integrated all its air defense capabilities – antiaircraft guns, rocket and missile units, interceptor planes, and radar and warning installations.
The Commander in Chief is Lieutenant General Abd Al-Moniem Al-Terras and the Chief of Air Defense Staff is major general Magdy Fouad Hegazy. The Egyptian air defense forces consists of 30,000 officers & soldiers plus 40,000 conscripts.
- 1 History
- 2 Weaponry
- 3 Regional Air Defense Missile Systems
- 4 Field Point Defense Surface to Air Systems
- 5 Commanders of the Egyptian Air Defense Command
- 6 Egyptian Air Defense
- 7 Beret
- 8 Notes
- 9 External links
After most of the country's aircraft was destroyed on ground by Israel during the Six-Day War in 1967, the military placed responsibility for air defense under one commander, the results of which proved positive by the air defense's performance in the 1973 Yom Kippur War.
It is undergoing extensive modernization with bugdetary constraints being the only hindrance to what was once dubbed by Israeli air force generals during the 1973 Ramadan (Yom Kippur) war as "the most extensive and sophisticated air-defense system in the world after the one defending the U.S.S.R...". Currently, it is believed to possess the following weaponry:
Modern low, medium and high altitude SAMs of American, French, Russian design or local license built, including:
Regional Air Defense Missile Systems
Regional/Strategic Perimeter level SAM
- MIM-104(PAC-3) missile: 4 Batteries (8 Stationary (towed) units per Battery, 16 missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each)
- Modernized MIM-23 HAWK "Improved HAWK" missile: 18 Batteries (6 SP units per Battery, 3 missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each) (Medium/High Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
- 9K37 Buk-M1 missile: 10 batteries purchased in 2005
- 9M317 Buk-M2 missile: Purchased in 2013. [in service as of 2014 with unspecified number]
- S-300VM transportable SAM system [to be in service in late 2014]
- Modernized SA-3 2M Pechora missile: 43 Batteries (each with 2 Stationary units, 4 missiles per Stationary unit plus 1 reload each) (Low/Medium Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
- Indigenous Tayer el-sabah (Morning Bird) (reverse-engineered and modernized SA-2 Guideline S-75 Dvina missile: 40 Batteries (6 single units per Battery, 2 reloads each)(Medium/High Altitude, Long Range SAM)
Army Corps and Division level SAM
- 9K331 Tor-M1 missile : 16 firing units
- 9K332 Tor-M2 :Purchased in 2013 [in service as of 2014 with unspecified numbers]
- Modernized SA-3 2M Pechora missile: 10 Batteries (6 SP units per Battery, 2 missiles per S/P unit plus 1 reload per unit) (Low/Medium Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
- Modernized SA-6 Gainful missile: 14 Batteries (6 SP units per Battery, 3 missiles per unit plus 1 reload each)(Low/Medium Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
Field Point Defense Surface to Air Systems
Brigade and Battalion level SAM
- Skyguard "Amoun" anti-aircraft system Aspide 2000 missile: 40 Batteries " 18 battalion + 4 batteries for training " (2 4-cell Aspide missile launchers and 2 Oerlikon GDF-005 twin 35mm guns with one Skyguard Fire Control System per battery).
- Modernized Crotale NG missile: 16 Batteries (9 units per Battery, 4 Missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each)(SP Low/Medium Altitude, Short Range SAM)
- MIM-72/M48 Chaparral low-altitude SAM AIM-9 "Sidewinder": 86 SP units (4 Missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each)(SP Low Altitude, Short Range SAM)
- AN/TWQ-1 Avenger : 100 Units ( 4/8 ready-to-fire FIM-92 Stinger missiles/unit + .50 caliber machine gun with an electronic trigger that can be fired from both the Remote Control Unit (RCU) located in the drivers cab, and from the handstation located in the Avenger turret )( provides mobile, short-range air defense protection for ground units against cruise missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, low-flying fixed-wing aircraft, and helicopters )
All radars, observation posts, command and control systems have been linked into a complex multi-level, national computerized early-warning air defense command (C3I4) via modified EC-130H Hercules (modified to AWACS-like specifications) transport aircraft, EW AWACS "Grumman" E-2C Hawkeye 2000, EW ECM Beechcraft 1900 ELINT, underground sheltered-reinforced fiber-optic network.
Commanders of the Egyptian Air Defense Command
- June 1969 to January 1975 Field Marshal Mohammed Aly Fahmy
- January 1975 to December 1979 Lieutenant general Helmy Afify Abd El-Bar
- December 1979 to January 1986 Lieutenant general El-Said Hamdy
- January 1986 to October 1987 Lieutenant general Adel Khalil
- October 1987 to December 1990 Lieutenant general Mostafa El-Shazly
- December 1990 to April 1993 Lieutenant general Zaher Abd El-Rahman
- April 1993 to April 1996 Lieutenant general Ahmed Abou Talib
- April 1996 to 19 July 2001 Lieutenant general Mohammed Elshahat
- 19 July 2001 to 30 October 2005 Lieutenant general Sami Hafez Anan
- 30 October 2005 to 12 August 2012 Lieutenant general Abd El Aziz Seif-Eldeen
- 12 August 2012 to Incumbent Lieutenant general Abdul Meniem Al-Toras
Egyptian Air Defense
|System||Image||Origin||Number (Units/Systems(or Batteries)||Comment|
|S-300VM||Russia||24/4||Entered service in November 2014 |
|MIM-104 Patriot||United States||32/4|
|MIM-23 Hawk||United States||108/(18)|
|Tayer el-Sabah|| Egypt
|240/(40)||Egyptian version of SA-2.|
|2K12 Kub||Soviet Union||112/(56)||IISS 2012 Military Balance, pp.322 . All are upgraded to Buk M1 version (with 2 missiles per launcher unit instead of 3) as shown in 2014 Egyptian military parade|
|Nile 23|| Egypt
|N/A||Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided (148) with|
|Sinai 23|| Egypt
|N/A||Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided with|
|MIM-72 Chaparral||United States||86|
|AN/TWQ-1 Avenger||United States||100|
|M163 VADS||United States||108|
|Amoun||Egypt||160/(40)||4 missiles per launcher unit.|
Future of Air Defense
|S-400 Triumf||Russia||N/A||Egypt has expressed its interest in buying S-400 systems.|
|Pantsir-S1||Russia||N/A||There is a definite possibility to contract Pantsir-S1 to protect S-300VM platforms.|
- "Egypt's Morsi appoints new navy, air force and air defence commanders - Politics - Egypt - Ahram Online". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Commanders of the Egyptian Air Defense Command". http://www.mmc.gov.eg/. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- "ТАСС: Армия и ОПК - "Алмаз-Антей": российская зенитная ракетная система "Антей-2500" поствлена в Египет". ТАСС. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "The NewHub - International News Reader". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- ""Алмаз-Антей": российская зенитная ракетная система "Антей-2500" поствлена в Египет". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Chief Designer Ardalion Rastov". Military Parade. 31 August 1998. Retrieved 23 August 2008.
- http://www.deagel.com/Air-Defense-Systems/Tor-M1_a000375001.aspx. Missing or empty
- http://defence.pk/threads/egyptian-armed-forces.103456/page-103#post-6376900. Missing or empty
- "SLAMRAAM in Egypt".
- "Egypt wants S-400 to counter Iran". Defaiya.com. 2009-07-02. Retrieved 2013-10-29.
- Jane's Defence news on Egyptian S-125 upgrade, April 2006
- Defencetalk on Egyptian S-125 upgrade, October 2006