Egyptian Air Defense Forces

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Egyptian Air Defense Command
قوات الدفاع الجوي
Insignia
Active 1968 - Present
Country  Egypt
Branch Air Defense
Type Land Based Aerial Defense Network
Part of Egyptian Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Alexandria, Egypt
Motto إيمان, عزم, مجد
Faith, Will, Glory
Anniversaries June, 30
Commanders
Commander Of The Egyptian Air Defense Lt. Gen. Abd Al-Moniem Al-Terras
Chief of Air Defense Staff Maj. Gen. Abou-elmagd Ahmed Haroun
Insignia
Flag Egypt Air Defense Flag.png
Insignia Egyptian Army ranks

The Egyptian Air Defense Command or EADC (Arabic: قوات الدفاع الجوي‎, Quwwat El-Difa' El-Gawwi), is Egypt's military command responsible for air defense, part of the Military of Egypt. Egypt patterned its Air Defense Force (ADF) after the Soviet Air Defence Forces, which integrated all its air defense capabilities – antiaircraft guns, rocket and missile units, interceptor planes, and radar and warning installations.

The Commander in Chief is Lieutenant General Abd Al-Moniem Al-Terras[1] and the Chief of Air Defense Staff is major general Magdy Fouad Hegazy. The Egyptian air defense forces consists of 30,000 officers & soldiers plus 40,000 conscripts.

History[edit]

After most of the country's aircraft was destroyed on ground by Israel during the Six-Day War in 1967, the military placed responsibility for air defense under one commander, the results of which proved positive by the air defense's performance in the 1973 Yom Kippur War.

Weaponry[edit]

It is undergoing extensive modernization with bugdetary constraints being the only hindrance to what was once dubbed by Israeli air force generals during the 1973 Ramadan (Yom Kippur) war as "the most extensive and sophisticated air-defense system in the world after the one defending the U.S.S.R...". Currently, it is believed to possess the following weaponry:

Modern low, medium and high altitude SAMs of American, French, Russian design or local license built, including:

Regional Air Defense Missile Systems[edit]

Regional/Strategic Perimeter level SAM[edit]

  • MIM-104(PAC-3) missile: 4 Batteries (8 Stationary (towed) units per Battery, 16 missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each)
  • Modernized MIM-23 HAWK "Improved HAWK" missile: 18 Batteries (6 SP units per Battery, 3 missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each) (Medium/High Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
  • 9M317 Buk-M2 missile: Purchased in 2013. [in service with unspecified number]
  • S-300VM transportable SAM system [first components delivered in march 2015][2]
  • Modernized SA-3 2M Pechora missile: 43 Batteries (each with 2 Stationary units, 4 missiles per Stationary unit plus 1 reload each) (Low/Medium Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
  • Indigenous Tayer el-sabah (Morning Bird) (reverse-engineered and modernized SA-2 Guideline S-75 Dvina missile: 40 Batteries (6 single units per Battery, 2 reloads each)(Medium/High Altitude, Long Range SAM)

Army Corps and Division level SAM[edit]

  • SLAMRAAM (pending US Federal Government Approval\congressional oversight)'
  • 9K332 Tor-M2 :Purchased in 2013 [in service with unspecified numbers]
  • Modernized SA-3 2M Pechora missile: 10 Batteries (6 SP units per Battery, 2 missiles per S/P unit plus 1 reload per unit) (Low/Medium Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
  • Modernized SA-6 Gainful missile: 14 Batteries (6 SP units per Battery, 3 missiles per unit plus 1 reload each)(Low/Medium Altitude, Medium Range SAM)

Field Point Defense Surface to Air Systems[edit]

Brigade and Battalion level SAM[edit]

  • Skyguard "Amoun" anti-aircraft system Aspide 2000 missile: 40 Batteries " 18 battalion + 4 batteries for training " (2 4-cell Aspide missile launchers and 2 Oerlikon GDF-005 twin 35mm guns with one Skyguard Fire Control System per battery).
  • Modernized Crotale NG missile: 16 Batteries (9 units per Battery, 4 Missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each)(SP Low/Medium Altitude, Short Range SAM)
  • MIM-72/M48 Chaparral low-altitude SAM AIM-9 "Sidewinder": 86 SP units (4 Missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each)(SP Low Altitude, Short Range SAM)
  • AN/TWQ-1 Avenger : 75 Batteries ( 4/8 ready-to-fire FIM-92 Stinger missiles + .50 caliber machine gun with an electronic trigger that can be fired from both the Remote Control Unit (RCU) located in the drivers cab, and from the handstation located in the Avenger turret )( provides mobile, short-range air defense protection for ground units against cruise missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, low-flying fixed-wing aircraft, and helicopters )

By the end of 2008, With the Support of The United-States (through FMF and private contractors\firms) all missile, radar, observation posts, command and control systems are to be linked into a complex multi-level, national computerized early-warning air defense command (C3I4) via modified EC-130H Hercules (modified to AWACS-like specifications) transport aircraft, EW AWACS "Grumman" E-2C Hawkeye 2000, EW ECM Beechcraft 1900 ELINT, underground sheltered-reinforced fiber-optic network.

Commanders of the Egyptian Air Defense Command[edit]

[3]

Egyptian Air Defense Equipment[edit]

System Image Origin Number Comment
Air defence
S-300VM 9A83ME TEL - Antey-2500 SAM 02.jpg  Russia +(2014)[4][5][6] New components delivered in 2016 (1 regiment)[7].
MIM-104 Patriot Patriot System 2.jpg  United States 32 Patriot-3 (MIM-104-F/PAC-3) missile systems from the United States for $1.3 billion in 1999.
Buk-M1 Buk-M1-2 9A310M1-2.jpg  Russia +[8] Egypt in 1971 to see Kub in operation.[9]
Buk-M2 Engineering Technologies - 2012 (1-45).jpg  Russia +[10][11]
Tor-M1 Tor-M1 SAM (2).jpg  Russia 16
Tor-M2 Tor M2E maks2009.jpg  Russia +[12][13]
Crotale Egyptian Crotale.JPEG  France N/A
Pechora-2M Independence Day Parade - Flickr - Kerri-Jo (87).jpg  Soviet Union 50[14]+≈120(plane)
SA-2 Sa-2camo.jpg  Soviet Union N/A
Tayer el-Sabah SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.JPEG  Egypt
 Soviet Union
N/A Egyptian version of SA-2.
2K12 Kub Sa6 1.jpg  Soviet Union 56
Strela-2 SA-7.jpg  Soviet Union N/A
Strela-1 Soviet SA-9 Gaskin.jpg  Soviet Union 20
Igla 9K338 Igla-S (NATO-Code - SA-24 Grinch).jpg  Soviet Union N/A
Shilka ZSU-23-4 Shilka 01.jpg  Soviet Union N/A
ZSU-57-2 ZSU-57-2 Hun 2010 02.jpg  Soviet Union N/A
Nile 23 Zu-23-2-belarus.jpg  Egypt
 Soviet Union
N/A Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided (148) with

Sakr Eye SAM 2X2 on M113

Sinai 23 Zu-23 30 M1-3 - InnovationDay2013part1-40.jpg  Egypt
 Soviet Union
N/A Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided with

Stinger SAM (3X2) (72) on M113

ZPU ZPU morrocan.jpg  Soviet Union N/A
M53/59 Praga PLdvK 53 59 TMB detail.jpg  Czechoslovakia N/A
MIM-23 Hawk Nellis to host 21th annual air defense system forum, 2010.jpg  United States N/A
MIM-72 Chaparral MIM-72 Chaparral 07.jpg  United States N/A
AN/TWQ-1 Avenger Avenger missile.jpg  United States N/A
Stinger FIM-92 Stinger USMC.JPG  United States N/A
SLAMRAAM AIM-120 AMRAAM P6230147.JPG  United States N/A [15]
M163 VADS M163 VADS.JPEG  United States 108
Amoun Skyguard-Sparrow Misslie Launcher Display at Chih Hang Air Force Base Apron 20130601a.jpg  Egypt N/A

future of air defense[edit]

System Image Origin Number Comment
Air defence
S-400 Triumf S-400 Triumf-34.jpg  Russia N/A Egypt has expressed its interest in buying S-400 systems.[16]
Pantsir-S1 Bronnitsy - 01 - Pantsir-S1 SAM.jpg  Russia N/A There is a definite possibility to contract Bantsr feed 1 to protect platforms S-300VM.

Beret[edit]

Beret
Officer Brigadier General General
Airdefese Beret - Egyptian Army.png
Air defense brigadier Beret - Egyptian Army.png
Airdefense general Beret - Egyptian Army.png

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/50404/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-Morsi-appoints-new-navy,-air-force-and-air-.aspx
  2. ^ "According sources, Russia would start deliveries of Antey-2500 missile systems to Egypt". 6 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Commanders of the Egyptian Air Defense Command". http://www.mmc.gov.eg/. Retrieved 15 July 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  4. ^ http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/1566791
  5. ^ http://news.rambler.ru/27071114/
  6. ^ http://www.fondsk.ru/news/2014/11/12/almaz-antej-rossijskaja-zenitnaja-raketnaja-sistema-antej-2500-postvlena-v-egipet-30388.html
  7. ^ http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/1812666
  8. ^ http://vpk.name/news/121328_minoboronyi_egipta_na_ucheniyah_prodemonstrirovalo_zrk_bukm2_utverzhdaet_dzheins.html
  9. ^ "Chief Designer Ardalion Rastov". Military Parade. 31 August 1998. Retrieved 23 August 2008. 
  10. ^ http://vpk.name/news/121328_minoboronyi_egipta_na_ucheniyah_prodemonstrirovalo_zrk_bukm2_utverzhdaet_dzheins.html
  11. ^ http://rus.newsru.ua/world/18sep2014/egipet_rus.html
  12. ^ http://vpk.name/news/121328_minoboronyi_egipta_na_ucheniyah_prodemonstrirovalo_zrk_bukm2_utverzhdaet_dzheins.html
  13. ^ http://rus.newsru.ua/world/18sep2014/egipet_rus.html
  14. ^ http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/news/oao-oboronitelnye-sistemy-rasschityvaet-na-dalneyshee-rasshirenie-eksportnyh-postavok-modernizirovannogo-zrk-pechora-2m/
  15. ^ "SLAMRAAM in Egypt". 
  16. ^ "Egypt wants S-400 to counter Iran". Defaiya.com. 2009-07-02. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 

External links[edit]