Egyptian Air Defense Forces

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Egyptian Air Defense Command
قوات الدفاع الجوي
Insignia
Active 1968 - Present
Country  Egypt
Branch Air Defense
Type Land Based Aerial Defense Network
Part of Egyptian Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Alexandria, Egypt
Motto إيمان, عزم, مجد
Faith, Will, Glory
Anniversaries June, 30
Commanders
Commander Of The Egyptian Air Defense Lt. Gen. Abd Al-Moniem Al-Terras
Chief of Air Defense Staff Maj. Gen. Abou-elmagd Ahmed Haroun
Insignia
Flag Egypt Air Defense Flag.png
Insignia Egyptian Army ranks

The Egyptian Air Defense Command or EADC (Arabic: قوات الدفاع الجوي‎, Quwwat El-Difa' El-Gawwi), is Egypt's military command responsible for air defense, part of the Military of Egypt. Egypt patterned its Air Defense Force (ADF) after the Soviet Air Defence Forces, which integrated all its air defense capabilities – antiaircraft guns, rocket and missile units, interceptor planes, and radar and warning installations.

The Commander in Chief is Lieutenant General Abd Al-Moniem Al-Terras[1] and the Chief of Air Defense Staff is major general Magdy Fouad Hegazy. The Egyptian air defense forces consists of 30,000 officers & soldiers plus 40,000 conscripts.

History[edit]

After most of the country's aircraft was destroyed on ground by Israel during the Six-Day War in 1967, the military placed responsibility for air defense under one commander, the results of which proved positive by the air defense's performance in the 1973 Yom Kippur War.

Weaponry[edit]

It is undergoing extensive modernization with bugdetary constraints being the only hindrance to what was once dubbed by Israeli air force generals during the 1973 Ramadan (Yom Kippur) war as "the most extensive and sophisticated air-defense system in the world after the one defending the U.S.S.R...". Currently, it is believed to possess the following weaponry:

Modern low, medium and high altitude SAMs of American, French, Russian design or local license built, including:

Regional Air Defense Missile Systems[edit]

Regional/Strategic Perimeter level SAM[edit]

  • MIM-104(PAC-3) missile: 4 Batteries (8 Stationary (towed) units per Battery, 16 missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each)
  • Modernized MIM-23 HAWK "Improved HAWK" missile: 18 Batteries (6 SP units per Battery, 3 missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each) (Medium/High Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
  • 9M317 Buk-M2 missile: Purchased in 2013. [in service as of 2014 with unspecified number]
  • S-300VM transportable SAM system [to be in service in late 2014]
  • Modernized SA-3 2M Pechora missile: 43 Batteries (each with 2 Stationary units, 4 missiles per Stationary unit plus 1 reload each) (Low/Medium Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
  • Indigenous Tayer el-sabah (Morning Bird) (reverse-engineered and modernized SA-2 Guideline S-75 Dvina missile: 40 Batteries (6 single units per Battery, 2 reloads each)(Medium/High Altitude, Long Range SAM)

Army Corps and Division level SAM[edit]

  • 9K332 Tor-M2 :Purchased in 2013 [in service as of 2014 with unspecified numbers]
  • Modernized SA-3 2M Pechora missile: 10 Batteries (6 SP units per Battery, 2 missiles per S/P unit plus 1 reload per unit) (Low/Medium Altitude, Medium Range SAM)
  • Modernized SA-6 Gainful missile: 14 Batteries (6 SP units per Battery, 3 missiles per unit plus 1 reload each)(Low/Medium Altitude, Medium Range SAM)

Field Point Defense Surface to Air Systems[edit]

Brigade and Battalion level SAM[edit]

  • Skyguard "Amoun" anti-aircraft system Aspide 2000 missile: 40 Batteries " 18 battalion + 4 batteries for training " (2 4-cell Aspide missile launchers and 2 Oerlikon GDF-005 twin 35mm guns with one Skyguard Fire Control System per battery).
  • Modernized Crotale NG missile: 16 Batteries (9 units per Battery, 4 Missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each)(SP Low/Medium Altitude, Short Range SAM)
  • MIM-72/M48 Chaparral low-altitude SAM AIM-9 "Sidewinder": 86 SP units (4 Missiles per unit plus 2 reloads each)(SP Low Altitude, Short Range SAM)
  • AN/TWQ-1 Avenger : 100 Units ( 4/8 ready-to-fire FIM-92 Stinger missiles/unit + .50 caliber machine gun with an electronic trigger that can be fired from both the Remote Control Unit (RCU) located in the drivers cab, and from the handstation located in the Avenger turret )( provides mobile, short-range air defense protection for ground units against cruise missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, low-flying fixed-wing aircraft, and helicopters )

All radars, observation posts, command and control systems have been linked into a complex multi-level, national computerized early-warning air defense command (C3I4) via modified EC-130H Hercules (modified to AWACS-like specifications) transport aircraft, EW AWACS "Grumman" E-2C Hawkeye 2000, EW ECM Beechcraft 1900 ELINT, underground sheltered-reinforced fiber-optic network.

Commanders of the Egyptian Air Defense Command[edit]

[2]

Egyptian Air Defense[edit]

System Image Origin Number (Units/Systems(or Batteries) Comment
Air defence
S-300VM 9A83ME TEL - Antey-2500 SAM 02.jpg  Russia 24/4 Entered service in November 2014 [3][4][5]
MIM-104 Patriot Patriot System 2.jpg  United States 32/4
MIM-23 Hawk Hawk mobile.jpg  United States 108/(18)
Buk-M1 Buk-M1-2 9A310M1-2.jpg  Russia 40/(10) [6]
Buk-M2 Engineering Technologies - 2012 (1-45).jpg  Russia N/A
Tor-M1 Tor-M1 SAM (2).jpg  Russia 64/16 [7]
Tor-M2 2008 Moscow Victory Day Parade - TorM2 SAM.jpg  Russia N/A
Crotale Crotale NG P1220851.jpg  France 144/(16)
Pechora-2M Independence Day Parade - Flickr - Kerri-Jo (87).jpg  Soviet Union 86/43
10/6
Stationary
SP
Tayer el-Sabah SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.JPEG  Egypt
 Soviet Union
240/(40) Egyptian version of SA-2.
2K12 Kub Sa6 1.jpg  Soviet Union 112/(56) IISS 2012 Military Balance, pp.322 . All are upgraded to Buk M1 version (with 2 missiles per launcher unit instead of 3) as shown in 2014 Egyptian military parade[8]
Strela-2 SA-7.jpg  Soviet Union N/A
Strela-1 Soviet SA-9 Gaskin.jpg  Soviet Union 80/20
Igla 9K338 Igla-S (NATO-Code - SA-24 Grinch).jpg  Soviet Union N/A
Shilka ZSU-23-4 Shilka 01.jpg  Soviet Union N/A
ZSU-57-2 ZSU-57-2 (Serb).JPG  Soviet Union N/A
Nile 23 Zu-23-2-belarus.jpg  Egypt
 Soviet Union
N/A Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided (148) with

Sakr Eye SAM 2X2 on M113

Sinai 23 Zu-23 30 M1-3 - InnovationDay2013part1-40.jpg  Egypt
 Soviet Union
N/A Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided with

Stinger SAM (3X2) (72) on M113

ZPU ZPU morrocan.jpg  Soviet Union N/A
M53/59 Praga PLdvK 53 59 TMB detail.jpg  Czechoslovakia N/A
MIM-72 Chaparral MIM-72 Chaparral 07.jpg  United States 86
AN/TWQ-1 Avenger Avenger missile.jpg  United States 100
Stinger FIM-92 Stinger USMC.JPG  United States N/A
SLAMRAAM AIM-120 AMRAAM P6230147.JPG  United States N/A [9]
M163 VADS M163 VADS.JPEG  United States 108
Amoun Skyguard-Sparrow Misslie Launcher Display at Chih Hang Air Force Base Apron 20130601a.jpg  Egypt 160/(40) 4 missiles per launcher unit.

Future of Air Defense[edit]

System Image Origin Number Comment
Air defence
S-400 Triumf S-400 Triumf-34.jpg  Russia N/A Egypt has expressed its interest in buying S-400 systems.[10]
Pantsir-S1 Bronnitsy - 01 - Pantsir-S1 SAM.jpg  Russia N/A There is a definite possibility to contract Pantsir-S1 to protect S-300VM platforms.

Beret[edit]

Beret
Officer Brigadier General General
Airdefese Beret - Egyptian Army.png
Air defense brigadier Beret - Egyptian Army.png
Airdefense general Beret - Egyptian Army.png

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt's Morsi appoints new navy, air force and air defence commanders - Politics - Egypt - Ahram Online". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Commanders of the Egyptian Air Defense Command". http://www.mmc.gov.eg/. Retrieved 15 July 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  3. ^ "ТАСС: Армия и ОПК - "Алмаз-Антей": российская зенитная ракетная система "Антей-2500" поствлена в Египет". ТАСС. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "The NewHub - International News Reader". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  5. ^ ""Алмаз-Антей": российская зенитная ракетная система "Антей-2500" поствлена в Египет". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Chief Designer Ardalion Rastov". Military Parade. 31 August 1998. Retrieved 23 August 2008. 
  7. ^ http://www.deagel.com/Air-Defense-Systems/Tor-M1_a000375001.aspx.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ http://defence.pk/threads/egyptian-armed-forces.103456/page-103#post-6376900.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "SLAMRAAM in Egypt". 
  10. ^ "Egypt wants S-400 to counter Iran". Defaiya.com. 2009-07-02. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 

External links[edit]