Egyptian Communist Party

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Egyptian Communist Party
الحزب الشيوعي المصري
Founded 1975
Headquarters Egypt
Ideology Communism
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation Social Justice Coalition[1]
Revolutionary Democratic Coalition[2]
National Salvation Front[3]
Politics of Egypt
Political parties

The Egyptian Communist Party (Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي المصري‎) (ECP) is a political party in Egypt.

History and profile[edit]

The party was formed in 1975[5] by a number of members of the former Egyptian Communist Party. Under the regimes of Presidents Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak the new Communist Party faced state repression and was barred from running in elections. The party however continued to operate underground until the overthrow of Mubarak in 2011.[6] Despite having ECP members allegedly killed and imprisoned under Mubarak, the party have since been involved in mobilizing workers in 2011.[7]

Egyptian Communist Party flags in Tahrir Square.

On 10 May 2011, the ECP agreed to enter into a "socialist front" with four other Egyptian leftist groups called the Coalition of Socialist Forces, which includes the Revolutionary Socialists, the Socialist Popular Alliance Party, Socialist Party of Egypt and the Workers Democratic Party.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Leftist parties form coalition for parliamentary elections". Egypt Independent. 12 July 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Revolutionary Democratic Coalition: A new voice on Egypt's Left", Ahram Online, 19 November 2012, retrieved 13 December 2013 
  3. ^ Live updates 2: Millions on streets for anti-Morsi protests; 4 dead in Upper Egypt, Ahram Online, 30 June 2013, retrieved 13 December 2013 
  4. ^ "Egypt’s Secular Forces: Emerging Secular Coalitions and Parties", Guide to Egypt's Transition (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), 25 November 2012, retrieved 13 December 2013 
  5. ^ "A Partial Guide to the Egyptian Political Parties". Connected in Cairo. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Communist Party of Egypt resumes open political activities". Links International Journal of Socialist Renewalaccessdate=28 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "In solidarity with heroic struggle of the Egyptian people". Communist Party of Australia. 9 February 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Five socialist parties unite to impact Egyptian politics". Ahram Online. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2013.