Egyptian Feminist Union

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The Egyptian Feminist Union (Arabic: الاتحاد النسائي المصري‎) was the first nationwide feminist movement in Egypt.

History and profile[edit]

The Egyptian Feminist Union was founded at a meeting on 6 March 1923[1][2] at the home of activist Huda Sha'arawi,[3] who served as its first president until her death in 1947. The Union was affiliated to the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. The EFU published the fortnightly periodical L'Egyptienne from 1925, and from 1937 the journal el-Masreyyah (The Egyptian Woman). The group reformed as a non-profit, non-governmental organization under the same name but with a different goal and team in 2011.[4][5] The union supported complete independence from the United Kingdom, but like it upper class male leaders of the Wafd Party, promoted European social values and had an essentially secular orientation. The objective of the feminist movement were symbolized by well publicized gesture of social freedom made by Sha'rawi and her associate, Saiza Nabrawi, who removed their veils as they stepped off a train at Cairo's main railway station in 1923. Demands for education reforms by the Egyptian Feminist Union were met in 1925 when the government made primary education compulsory for girls as well as boys, and later in the decade women were admitted to the national university for the first time. The union's campaign for the reform of family law, however, was unsuccessful.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mariz Tadros (18–24 March 1999). "Unity in diversity". Al Ahram Weekly (421). Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Earl L. Sullivan (1 January 1986). Women in Egyptian Public Life. Syracuse University Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-8156-2354-0. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Nadje S. Al Ali. "Women’s Movements in the Middle East: Case Studies of Egypt and Turkey" (Report). SOAS. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Eriksen, Mette (18 October 2011). "Women's groups relaunch Egyptian Feminist Union". Egypt Independent. 
  5. ^ Goldschmidt, Arthur (2000). Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt. Boulder [u.a.]: Rienner. p. 190. ISBN 978-1-55587-229-8. 
  6. ^ p. 184 Modern Middle East. William L. Cleveland and Martin Bunton. WestView Press 2013

External links[edit]