Egyptian Mastigure

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Egyptian Mastigure
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Agamidae
Subfamily: Uromasticinae
Genus: Uromastyx
Species: U. aegyptia
Binomial name
Uromastyx aegyptia
(Forskal, 1775)

Uromastix spinipes
Uromastix leptieni

The Egyptian Mastigure (Uromastyx aegyptia),[1] Leptien's Mastigure,[2] or Egyptian dabb lizard is a species of lizard from the genus Uromastyx. It is one of the largest members of the genus, with average lengths of 76 cm for males. Egyptian Mastigures can be found in Egypt, Libya and throughout the Middle East but is rarely found today due to reduction of habitat. The remainder of the population mostly inhabits the gravel plains of northern Oman and some parts of the eastern UAE where it is listed as endangered and slowly vanishing due to the impact brought on by development. This lizard is locally known to the Arabs as 'Dhab' Arabic:'ضب'. Their strong skin made good leather for the bedouins, while their meat was often considered as an alternative source of protein. They live in dry, rocky areas.[3]