Egyptian Social Democratic Party

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Egyptian Social Democratic Party
Secretary-General Mervat Tallawy
Founder Mohamed Abou El-Ghar
Founded 29 March 2011 (2011-03-29)
Merger of Liberal Egyptian Party
Egyptian Democratic Party
Headquarters Cairo, Egypt
Ideology Social democracy[1]
Social liberalism[2]
Liberalism[3]
Political position Centre-left[2]
Religion Secularism
National affiliation National Salvation Front[4]
Egyptian Wafd Alliance[5]
International affiliation Socialist International (consultative member),
Progressive Alliance
Colours Orange
Website
http://www.egysdp.com/
Politics of Egypt
Political parties
Elections

The Egyptian Social Democratic Party (Arabic: الحزب المصرى الديمقراطى الاجتماعىAl-Ḥizb Al-Maṣrī Al-Dimuqrāṭī Al-Ijtmāʿī, IPA: [elˈħezb elˈmɑsˤɾi ldemokˈɾˤɑːtˤi leɡteˈmæːʕi]) is a social liberal and a social democratic party in Egypt which was founded after the 2011 Egyptian Revolution by the merger of two minor liberal parties, the Liberal Egyptian Party, and the Egyptian Democratic Party on 29 March 2011.[6]

Notable founding members include Mohamed Abou El-Ghar, film maker Daoud Abdel Sayed,[2] activist Amr Hamzawy, Mervat Tallawy, former UN under-secretary and executive secretary of ESCWA and Hazem Al Beblawi, former executive secretary of the ESCWA.[7][8] However, Amr Hamzawy resigned from the party in April[9] to form the Freedom Egypt Party on 18 May 2011.[10]

In August 2012, the party was admitted into the Socialist International as a consultative member.[11]

The Egyptian Social Democratic Party and the Tagammu Party ran in the 2012 Shura council election as part of the Egyptian Bloc. The division of seats between the two parties in the Shura Council is unclear.[12][13]

The party was accepted into the Party of European Socialists (PES) on 18 February 2013.[14]

In the aftermath of the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état, a founding member of the Social Democratic Party named Ziad Bahaa El-Din was reportedly offered the post of Prime Minister.[15] Younes Makhioun, chairman of the Nour Party, objected to Bahaa El-Din's appointment and to the involvement of Mohamed ElBaradei, because both of them belong to the same political coalition (the National Salvation Front). However, later another founding member of the Social Democratic Party named Hazem Al Beblawi was appointed as interim prime minister on 9 July.[16] He subsequently suspended his membership in the Social Democratic Party.[17] His cabinet was sworn in on 16 July 2013.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egyptian Social Democratic Party", Egyptian Elections Watch via Al Ahram, 18 November 2011, retrieved 19 December 2013 
  2. ^ a b c Lina El Wardani (20 April 2011), "Ahram Online's idiot's guide to Egypt's emergent political landscape", Al Ahram, retrieved 19 December 2013 
  3. ^ "Al-Masry al-Dimuqrati al-Igtima’i (Egyptian Social Democratic Party)", Guide to Egypt's Transition: Parties and Alliances (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), 4 November 2011 
  4. ^ "Youth of anti-Morsi parties reject coalition with 'Mubarak remnants'", Ahram Online, 28 November 2012, retrieved 19 December 2013 
  5. ^ "Egypt's secular electoral blocs halved into two after Moussa's withdrawal". Ahram Online. 11 August 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "Egyptian liberal parties merge", Hürriyet Daily News, 30 March 2011, retrieved 19 December 2013 
  7. ^ Presentation of the Board of Egyptian SDP (in Arabic), retrieved 25 June 2011
  8. ^ "Egypt's finance minister resigns, Beblawi officially appointed". Ahram Online. 17 July 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "Hamzawy resigns from party over statement on military", Ahram Online, 12 April 2011, retrieved 19 December 2013 
  10. ^ Mohamed El Hebeishy (16 May 2011), "Political star Hamzawy founds his own party", Ahram Online, retrieved 19 December 2013 
  11. ^ "Progressive Politics For A Fairer World". Socialist International. 1 September 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Results of Shura Council Elections". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 29 September 2012. 
  13. ^ "Egyptian Bloc divided over boycotting Shura Council elections". Egypt Independent. 1 October 2012. 
  14. ^ "ESDP gains membership to European Socialist bloc". Daily News Egypt. 19 February 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "Update 2: Bahaa El-Din offered Egypt's PM job, ElBaradei set to be appointed VP". Ahram Online. 7 July 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  16. ^ Bacon, John (9 July 2013). "Egypt names new prime minister". USA Today. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  17. ^ Joel Gulhane; Charlie Miller (15 July 2013). "El Beblawi continues to meet ministerial candidates". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "Egypt's interim president is swearing in first government". Ahram Online. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.