Egyptian parliamentary election, 2014

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Egyptian parliamentary election, 2014
Egypt
2011/2012 ←
2014

Incumbent PM

Hazem Al Beblawi

Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Egypt
Constitution (history)
Political parties (former)

Egyptian parliamentary elections will be held in 2014.[1] A presidential election is expected be held before the parliamentary election occurs.[2] The parliamentary election must be held within 6 months of the ratification of the constitution[3] (which occurred on 18 January).[4] A higher electoral commission that will review the election process was appointed on 11 September 2013 by interim president Adly Mansour.[5]

Background[edit]

The Egyptian Social Democratic Party has criticized the idea of having an individual candidacy system, stating that it will allow the return of NDP-era people as well as the Muslim Brotherhood.[6] The Salafist Nour Party has called for a mixed system of individuals and party lists that would be elected.[7] The Constitution Party, the Socialist Popular Alliance Party, and the Free Egyptians Party have urged that open lists be utilized in the voting system.[8] The National Council for Women and the Egyptian Feminist Union have supported the right of women to run in elections.[9][10] The committee that will amend the parliamentary election and political rights laws was established on 15 April 2014.[11]

Parties[edit]

Political coalitions[edit]

Multiple leftist parties will ally as the Coalition of Social Justice and Democracy.[12] The alliance includes Tamarod, the Popular Current, the Arab Democratic Nasserist Party, the Dignity Party and the Socialist Popular Alliance Party.[12][13] The Egyptian Social Democratic Party has allied with the New Wafd Party.[14] Another alliance called the National Front Coalition with five parties (National Progressive Unionist Party, Future Party,[15] the Conference Party, the Republican People's Party, and the Egyptian Patriotic Movement) will also compete.[16] The Nour Party might ally with the Dissident Brotherhood Youth Alliance.[17]

Running lists and blocs[edit]

Boycott[edit]

The Islamic Party, which is the political wing of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, announced on 28 January 2014 that it would boycott any upcoming elections.[25]

Opinion polls[edit]

A May 2013 PewResearch Poll found that 52% of Egyptians have a favorable view of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) (44% unfavorable), 45% have a favorable view of the National Salvation Front (NSF) (52% unfavorable), and 40% have a favorable view of the Al-Nour Party (52% unfavorable).[26] A May 2013 Baseera Poll found that over one third of Egyptians have never heard of the NSF. Of those who did hear about it, 33% supported it and 57% did not.[27]

A June 2013 Zogby Research Services poll found that 26% of Egyptians have confidence in the FJP, 29% have confidence in the Al-Nour Party, 22% have confidence in the NSF, and 25% have confidence in the April 6 Movement. The study found significant overlap between NSF and April 6 and between Al-Nour and FJP. 30% of Egyptians have confidence in FJP and/or Al-Nour; 34% have confidence in NSF and/or April 6. 39% of Egyptians, the survey found, express no confidence in any of the four major political groups. The political opinions of these 39%, however, for the most part match those of April 6/NSF supporters.[28]

An opinion poll done in September 2013 by Zogby found that the Tamarod movement had the highest level of confidence at 35%; the FJP had the second-highest level of confidence at 34%.[29] There were declines in confidence for the Nour Party and the April 6 Movement compared to the previous poll taken in July 2013.[29] The percentage of people who felt confidence in no political party decreased to 17% in September 2013.[29]

Opinion polls in Egypt are, however, unreliable, having failed to predict the outcome of the 2012 presidential elections.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt interim president sets timetable for elections, constitution reform". Associated Press. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "President issues presidential elections law". Cairo Post. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Egypt to hold presidential polls first: Interim president". Ahram Online. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "UPDATE 6: 98.1% approves post-June 30 constitution". Ahram Online. 18 January 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "On track for a national referendum". Al-Ahram Weekly. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "ESDP: Individual electoral system favors Mubarak-era figures". Cairo Post. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Salafi party calls for mixed system parliamentary elections". Aswat Masriya. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Egyptian parties and activists request open lists in parliamentary polls". Ahram Online. 6 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "NCW demands 100 out of 444 parliamentary seats for wome". Cairo Post. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Feminist union launches campaign to support 100 women in parliamentary elections". Cairo Post. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Egypt forms committee to draft parliamentary elections law". Ahram Online. 15 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Socialist Popular Alliance will run for parliamentary elections with coalition". Cairo Post. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Karama Party joins Tamarod, Popular Current for parliament elections". Cairo Post. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "Wafd Party preps for parliamentary elections, rejects individual voting system". Cairo Post. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Egypt: Mubarak Holdovers Make Political Comeback". Al-Akhbar. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Conference Party to form electoral coalition". Cairo Post. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Brotherhood dissidents to form Islamist electoral alliance with Nour Party". Egypt Independent. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  18. ^ "Al-Watan Party backtracks on Morsy’s return request, mulls participating in elections". Egypt Independent. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "Aboul-Fotouh: Egypt constitutional referendum "window dressing"". Asharq al-Awsat. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  20. ^ "Former MPs to form new party". Cairo Post. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  21. ^ "Gameela Ismail: Mubarak era figures will not run for elections on Dostour lists". Cairo Post. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2014. 
  22. ^ "Arab Party for Justice and Equality prepares for parliamentary elections". Cairo Post. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "Activists who backed Mursi's fall turn against military". Reuters. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  24. ^ "Taharor aims to collect 50,000 signatures for ElBaradei to run for president". Cairo Post. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  25. ^ "Islamic Party to boycott elections, continue demonstrations". Cairo Post. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  26. ^ "Egyptians Increasingly Glum". Pew Research. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  27. ^ "Press release on the poll conducted by Baseera". Baseera. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  28. ^ http://www.aaiusa.org/page/-/Polls/EgyptianAttitudesTowardMB_%20June2013.pdf
  29. ^ a b c "Egyptian attitudes September 2013". Zogby. 28 September 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  30. ^ "Egypt election results show opinion poll failures". Ahram Online. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2014.