Egyptian parliamentary election, 2014
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Egyptian parliamentary elections were expected to be held in 2013, but were postponed on 6 March 2013 by the ruling of the Administrative Court which declared that the electoral law should be sent back to the High Constitutional Court for revision. On 8 July 2013, shortly after the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état, Interim President Adly Mansour issued a constitutional declaration in which the year was adjusted to 2014. The final draft of the constitution gives the interim president the ability to choose whether presidential or parliamentary elections occur first. One election must be held 1-3 months after the passage of the constitution; the following election will be held within 6 months of the ratification of the constitution. If the constitution passes, a date for elections "would be announced within 15 days." A higher electoral commission that will review the election process was appointed on 11 September 2013 by Adly Mansour. The amount of seats in the next parliament, as decided by the committee of 50 people in charge of amending the constitution, will range from 450 to 600 to compensate for the dissolution of the Shura Council. Following the 2013 Egyptian coup, 40 parties and groups called the National Coalition for Supporting Legitimacy, or the NCSL, have rejected the coup.
On 14 June 2012, the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt ruled that the 2012 election was unconstitutional, and one third of the winners were illegitimate. The ruling was due, in part, to the fact that some seats were contested on a proportional list system, while others were contested on the first-past-the-post system. As a result, the court concluded, the election law had allowed political parties to compete for seats intended for independent candidates. "The makeup of the entire chamber is illegal and, consequently, it does not legally stand", explained the court. The ruling upheld a lower court decision, which had found the election law unconstitutional. The Freedom and Justice Party held the plurality of the seats in the assembly that was deemed unconstitutional.
In a separate ruling issued at the same time, the court threw out the Political Exclusion Law, which banned former members of President Hosni Mubarak's regime from running for office. The court concluded the law was not based on "objective grounds", and violated "the principle of equality". The court judges had all been appointed by Mubarak.
The Egyptian parliamentary elections were expected to start on 22 April 2013 and continue until 24 June, if runoffs were needed. However, the elections were postponed on 6 March 2013 by the ruling of the Administrative Court, in which it declared that the electoral law should be sent back to the High Constitutional Court for revision. On 21 April 2013, the administrative court dismissed the appeals against the suspension of the elections. The Shura Council passed a law in mid June 2013 allowing the Supreme Electoral Commission the right to set a date for the elections. A number of Islamists from the Muslim Brotherhood, the Freedom and Justice Party, and the Al Nour Party stated that parliamentary elections were likely to be postponed until 2014; the reason is that the High Constitutional Court declared 13 different articles of two draft laws regarding elections unconstitutional. If amendments passed by the Shura Council in June 2013 had been approved by the High Constitutional Court, procedures to begin the elections would have started within 60 days of the enactment of the electoral law.
Tamarod will ally with the Popular Current and the Egyptian Social Democratic Party. The Arab Democratic Nasserist Party, the Dignity Party and the Socialist Popular Alliance Party are discussing allying with Tamarod. The National Groups Coalition will compete as well.
Running lists and blocs
- New Wafd Party
- Egyptian Street Party
- Al Ansar Party
- Ghad El-Thawra Party
- Strong Egypt Party
- Nour Party
- National Groups Coalition:
- Tamarod alliance:
A May 2013 PewResearch Poll found that 52% of Egyptians have a favorable view of the FJP (44% unfavorable), 45% have a favorable view of the NSF (52% unfavorable), and 40% have a favorable view of the Al-Nour Party (52% unfavorable). A May 2013 Baseera Poll found that over one third of Egyptians have never heard of the NSF. Of those who did hear about it, 33% supported it and 57% did not.
A June 2013 Zogby Research Services poll found that 26% of Egyptians have confidence in the FJP, 29% have confidence in the Al-Nour Party, 22% have confidence in the NSF, and 25% have confidence in the April 6 Movement. The study found significant overlap between NSF and April 6 and between Al-Nour and FJP. 30% of Egyptians have confidence in FJP and/or Al-Nour; 34% have confidence in NSF and/or April 6. 39% of Egyptians, the survey found, express no confidence in any of the four major political groups. The political opinions of these 39%, however, for the most part match those of April 6/NSF supporters.
An opinion poll done in September 2013 by Zogby found that the Tamarod movement had the highest level of confidence at 35%; the FJP had the second-highest level of confidence at 34%. There were declines in confidence for the Nour Party and the April 6 Movement compared to the previous poll taken in July 2013. The percentage of people who felt confidence in no political party decreased to 17% in September 2013.
Opinion polls in Egypt are, however, notoriously unreliable, having failed to predict the outcome of the 2012 presidential elections.
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