Egyptian parliamentary election, 2014

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Egyptian parliamentary election, 2014
Egypt
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Incumbent Speaker of the House

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Political parties (former)

Egyptian parliamentary elections to the House of Representatives will be held before the end of 2014.[1] The procedures for the parliamentary election began on 15 July 2014.[2]

Background[edit]

The parliament will be made up of 567 seats,[3] with 420 seats elected through the individual candidacy system, 120 elected through party lists and 27 selected by the president.[4] Various parties have criticized the laws.[5][6] Nevertheless, the law was approved by president Mansour on 5 June 2014.[7] The Constitution Party, Egyptian Popular Current, Dignity Party, Socialist Popular Alliance Party, Freedom Egypt Party, the Justice Party and the Bread and Freedom Party have met to "coordinate their demand" for a change in the election law.[8] Other parties including the New Wafd Party, Free Egyptians Party, Egyptian Social Democratic Party, and other parties previously mentioned released a statement on 8 July in which they called on president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi to amend the parliamentary election law.[9]

Parties[edit]

Political coalitions[edit]

The Independent Current Coalition will run.[10] The leftist Social Justice Coalition will compete.[11] The Egyptian Front will run.[12] A coalition of independents calling themselves the 25-30 Alliance will run as well.[13] Another coalition of about 12 parties will also run.[14] Multiple parties will run as part of a coalition called the Democratic Alliance for Civil Forces.[15] The Egyptian Wafd Alliance will also compete.[16] Former prime minister Kamal Ganzouri has created an alliance of 120 individuals that will run on party lists called the National Alliance.[17]

Running lists and blocs[edit]

Opinion polls[edit]

A May 2013 PewResearch Poll found that 52% of Egyptians have a favorable view of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) (44% unfavorable), 45% have a favorable view of the National Salvation Front (NSF) (52% unfavorable), and 40% have a favorable view of the Al-Nour Party (52% unfavorable).[36] A May 2013 Baseera Poll found that over one third of Egyptians have never heard of the NSF. Of those who did hear about it, 33% supported it and 57% did not.[37]

A June 2013 Zogby Research Services poll found that 26% of Egyptians have confidence in the FJP, 29% have confidence in the Al-Nour Party, 22% have confidence in the NSF, and 25% have confidence in the April 6 Youth Movement. The study found significant overlap between NSF and April 6 and between Al-Nour and FJP. 30% of Egyptians have confidence in FJP and/or Al-Nour; 34% have confidence in NSF and/or April 6. 39% of Egyptians, the survey found, express no confidence in any of the four major political groups. The political opinions of these 39%, however, for the most part match those of April 6/NSF supporters.[38]

An opinion poll done in September 2013 by Zogby found that the Tamarod movement had the highest level of confidence at 35%; the FJP had the second-highest level of confidence at 34%.[39] There were declines in confidence for the Nour Party and the April 6 Movement compared to the previous poll taken in July 2013.[39] The percentage of people who felt confidence in no political party decreased to 17% in September 2013.[39]

Opinion polls in Egypt are, however, unreliable, having failed to predict the outcome of the 2012 presidential elections.[40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt's legislative reform committee holds first meeting". Ahram Online. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Egypt's El-Sisi asks SEC begin preparations for parliamentary polls". Ahram Online. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Egypt's cabinet passes contested parliamentary laws to president". Ahram Online. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "New Egyptian parliament to have less seats". Egypt Independent. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Criticism over parliamentary elections law". Cairo Post. 2 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "Amendments to parliamentary elections law draw criticism from political parties". Cairo Post. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "President Mansour signs into law parliamentary elections legislation". Ahram Online. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Liberal, leftist groups meet to coordinate call for election law changes". Ahram Online. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "Political parties urge president Sisi to amend parliamentary law". Aswat Masriya. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Parliamentary coalitions begin formation for elections". Daily News Egypt. 16 June 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Leftist parties form coalition for parliamentary elections". Egypt Independent. 12 July 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Egyptian Front Coalition: the widest political alliance facing Islamists, Cairo Post, 18 August 2014, retrieved 18 August 2014 
  13. ^ a b "Egypt: New independent alliance prepares to fight parliamentary elections". Asharq Al-Awsat. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "12 حزبا تدشن ائتلاف "الأحزاب المصرية" لخوض الانتخابات وتحقيق أهداف الثورة". Ahram. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "7 Egyptian parties join the Democratic Alliance for Civil Forces: Sabbahi". Cairo Post. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Egypt's secular electoral blocs halved into two after Moussa's withdrawal". Ahram Online. 11 August 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Shifting political sands". Al-Ahram Weekly. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "أبو الفتوح: سنشارك فى انتخابات البرلمان بشرط تغييرالقانون الحالى". Youm7. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "Nour Party awaits parliamentary elections date to announce candidates". Cairo Post. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  20. ^ ""تمرد": شخصيات عامة تخوض الانتخابات البرلمانية تحتاسم الحركة". Youm7. 30 August 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  21. ^ "Former MPs to form new party". Cairo Post. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  22. ^ "Arab Party for Justice and Equality prepares for parliamentary elections". Cairo Post. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "Activists who backed Mursi's fall turn against military". Reuters. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  24. ^ "Taharor aims to collect 50,000 signatures for ElBaradei to run for president". Cairo Post. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  25. ^ "Political jockeying". Al-Ahram Weekly. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  26. ^ "Dostor members break away, form new Egyptian Hope Party for elections". Cairo Post. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  27. ^ "Brotherhood dissidents to form Islamist electoral alliance with Nour Party". Egypt Independent. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  28. ^ "Nour Party welcomes 38 Copts Initiative to join it in parliament coalition". Cairo Post. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  29. ^ "على هامش إفطار قيادات “الإصلاح والنهضة”، عبد العزيز: مستعدون لخوض الإنتخابات". Reform and Renaissance Party website. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  30. ^ "حزب "سامى عنان": تقديم أوراق إشهارنا للجنة شئونالأحزاب خلال أيام". Youm7. 29 September2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  31. ^ "Wasat Party withdraws from NASL, considers parliamentary elections: Source". Cairo Post. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  32. ^ "Another pro-Sisi coalition formed, eyeing parliamentary seats". Ahram Online. 16 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  33. ^ "FJP trial adjourned to August 4". Cairo Post. 21 June 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  34. ^ "Opposition parties set up Independent Party Current". Daily News Egypt. 25 December 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  35. ^ ""التيار الشعبى" يقرر خوض الانتخابات "فردى" و"قائمة"". Youm7. 29 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  36. ^ "Egyptians Increasingly Glum". Pew Research. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  37. ^ "Press release on the poll conducted by Baseera". Baseera. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  38. ^ http://www.aaiusa.org/page/-/Polls/EgyptianAttitudesTowardMB_%20June2013.pdf
  39. ^ a b c "Egyptian attitudes September 2013". Zogby. 28 September 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  40. ^ "Egypt election results show opinion poll failures". Ahram Online. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2014.