Egyptian presidential election, 2014

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Egyptian presidential election, 2014
Egypt
2012 ←
26–28 May 2014 → 2018

  Президент Республики Египет Абдельфаттах Сиси.jpeg No image.png
Candidate Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Hamdeen Sabahi
Party Independent Popular Current
Popular vote 23,780,104[1] 757,511[1]
Percentage 96.91%[1] 3.09%[1][2]

President before election

Adly Mansour
(Acting)
Independent

Elected President

Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Independent

Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Egypt
Constitution (history)
Political parties (former)

A presidential election in Egypt took place between 26 and 28 May 2014. There were only two candidates, former Egyptian Defence Minister Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and Egyptian Popular Current candidate Hamdeen Sabahi.[3] The elections came almost a year after the June 2013 protests that prompted el-Sisi to depose Egypt's then-president Mohamed Morsi in a military-led coup.[3] The elections, which were planned to take place for two days were extended to a third day.[4] Official figures showed 25,578,233 voted in the elections, a turnout of 47.5%, with el-Sisi winning with 23.78 million votes, 96.91%,[1] ten million more votes than former President Mohamed Morsi (who garnered 13 million votes against his opponent in the runoff of the 2012 Egyptian presidential elections).[5][6] The election was held without participation of the Muslim Brotherhood's banned Freedom & Justice Party, which had won every prior post-Mubarak electoral contest.

Background[edit]

Further information: 2013 Egyptian coup d'état

Presidential elections were set after the Egyptian protests of 30 June 2013, in which President Mohamed Morsi was overthrown, and following the January 2014 Egyptian constitutional referendum. Interim president Adly Mansour announced on 26 January 2014 that the presidential election would be held before the parliamentary election.[7] A five-member commission was formed to monitor the election.[8] The deadline for proposals regarding the elections law was 9 February.[9] The presidential elections law was issued by the president on 8 March.[10]

Regulations[edit]

Candidates were able to apply for nomination to the presidency between 31 March and 20 April 2014.[11] The final list of candidates approved by the Supreme Election Committee was announced on 2 May.[12] Candidates were allowed to spend a maximum of LE20 million for campaigning.[13] The final results of the election were officially scheduled to be announced on 5 June;[12] however, the official announcement of the results took place earlier, on 3 June.[1]

Timetable[edit]

Date Legal action Duration
31 March 2014 – 20 April 2014 Candidates can be nominated[11] 21 days
Approximately 21 April 2014 Announcing the initial list and number of supporters per candidate[12] 1 day
22 April 2014 – 23 April 2014 Receiving objections to candidates[12] 2 days
24 April 2014 – 26 April 2014 Reviewing objections[12] 3 days
27 April 2014 Notifying the rejected candidates 1 day
28 April 2014 – 29 April 2014 Receiving grievances from the rejected candidates 2 days
30 April 2014 – 1 May 2014 The disposition of grievances cases 2 days
2 May 2014 Announcing the final list[12] 1 day
3 May 2014 – 23 May 2014 Presidential campaigns are run[11] 20 days
Approximately 2 May 2014 Choosing the campaigns' symbols[12]
9 May 2014 Last date for withdrawal 1 day
15 May 2014 – 18 May 2014 First round for Egyptians outside Egypt[11] 4 days
24 May 2014 – 25 May 2014 Candidates not allowed to campaign during this period 2 days
26 May 2014 – 27 May 2014 First round for Egyptians within Egypt[11] 2 days
28 May 2014 Original end of vote counting (Later on extended 3rd day of voting)
29 May 2014 Receiving the grievances cases of the committee decisions
30 May 2014 – 31 May 2014 The disposition of grievances cases 2 days
5 June 2014 Announcing the final result of the first round

(or final result if winner receives more than 50% of the vote)[11]

1 day
6 June 2014 – 9 June 2014 Voting for Egyptians outside Egypt in the second round[11] 4 days
6 June 2014 – 17 June 2014 The second round's presidential campaigns 12 days
15 June 2014 Candidates not allowed to campaign during this period 1 day
16 June 2014 – 17 June 2014 Voting for Egyptians within Egypt in the second round (if needed)[11] 2 days
18 June 2014 Counting votes 1 day
19 June 2014 Receiving the grievances cases of the committee decisions 1 day
20 June 2014 – 21 June 2014 The disposition of grievances cases 2 days
26 June 2014 Announcing the final result of the presidential election

(if no candidate wins more than 50% in the first round)[11]

1 day

Source: "Time Schedule for the Dates and Proceduresof the 2014 Presidential Elections". Presidential Election Committee. 

Candidates[edit]

Participant holding picture of Abdel Fateh el Sissi
Participants holding flags and pictures of Abdel Fateh el Sissi

Hamdeen Sabahi, a former presidential candidate in the 2012 presidential election, officially announced his presidential bid on 8 February 2014.[14] However, the Sabahi campaign has criticized the presidential elections law promulgated by the interim government, deeming its characteristics troubling for the transparency and fairness of the election.[15] The pro-Sabahi Revolution's Candidate campaign has also expressed reservations about the nature of the presidential elections law, suggesting that the provision establishing inviolability for the decisions of the Supreme Electoral Committee raises doubts about the integrity of the election process and could potentially force a reassessment of the Sabahi candidacy.[16] On 14 March, Hamdeen Sabahi's presidential campaign announced that Sabahi has decided to continue his candidacy in the presidential election, despite the perceived unconstitutionality of the presidential elections law.[17] Sabahi has taken the medical tests needed to run for presidential office.[18] Sabahi acquired 31,555 endorsements.[19]

Abdel Fattah el-Sisi confirmed on 26 March that he will run for president.[20] Sisi submitted 188,930 endorsements[19] (though 500,000 were collected)[21] and is the first candidate to submit all required documentation.[22]

Sisi and Sabahi were announced as the official candidates by the Presidential Election Commission on 2 May 2014.[23]

Non-candidates[edit]

The Nour Party did not nominate anyone for the presidency.[24] The New Wafd Party stated on 27 January 2014 that it will not nominate anyone.[25] The current president, Adly Mansour, stated in November 2013 that he will not run.[26] Amr Moussa, who finished fifth in the 2012 presidential election, has stated that he will not run for the presidency.[27] Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh, who finished fourth in the 2012 election, announced on 9 February 2014 that he will not run.[28] On 13 March, Lieutenant General Sami Anan announced he will not run for president.[29] Khaled Ali, a labor lawyer and former presidential candidate, withdrew his candidacy on 16 March after the passage of the presidential elections law, describing the election as a "farce" while also urging el-Sisi not to run and the army to stay out of politics.[30] Ahmed Shafiq, who finished second in the 2012 presidential election, losing to Mohamed Morsi, announced on 20 March that he will not run for president.[31] Murad Muwafi, who is the former director of Egyptian General Intelligence, announced on 30 March that he would not run for president.[32] Lawyer Mortada Mansour announced on 6 April that he would run for president,[33] though on 19 April, he announced his withdrawal from the election and directed his support toward Sisi.[34][35] News presenter Bothaina Kamel announced on 12 April that she would run,[36] but she couldn't collect the required endorsements to run.[37] A movement called Taharor had launched, in coordination with the Constitution Party and with the 6 April movement, a nationwide campaign to collect 50,000 signatures in favor of Mohammed ElBaradei running for the presidency.[38] Another campaign, called Authorize El Baradei, also started in order to gain endorsements to convince ElBaradei to run for the presidency.[39] However, ElBaradei was ultimately not a presidential candidate.[23]

Support and opposition[edit]

Polling station in Cairo – 27 May 2014
Security outside a polling station in Cairo – 27 May 2014
Women vote in Cairo – 27 May 2014
Soldier helps an elderly woman to reach the polling station in Alexandria – 27 May 2014

A movement called Finish Your Favor has claimed to have collected 26 million signatures asking el-Sisi to run for president.[40] The Revolutionary Forces Bloc will back el-Sisi for president.[41] Tamarod has supported el-Sisi[42] as has the Arab Democratic Nasserist Party[43] and the Misr Balady front.[44] The Moderate Front, which is a group made up of former jihadis, ex-members of the Muslim Brotherhood and ex-al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya members,[45] has supported el-Sisi.[46] The New Wafd Party announced their support for Sisi on 7 April.[47] The Free Egyptians Party announced on 27 April 2014 that it would back el-Sisi.[48] The Nour Party announced their support for Sisi on 3 May.[49] The Tagammu Party and Conference Party announced on 4 May 2014 that they would back el-Sisi for president.[50] Moussa has stated that el-Sisi is the most qualified candidate for the presidency.[51] Ex-President Hosni Mubarak has stated in a phone interview that Egyptians should back Sisi,[52] though Mubarak's lawyer has disputed the idea that Mubarak has commented about Sisi's candidacy.[53] In that same interview, Mubarak criticized Sabahi, claiming that he is "not fit" to be president.[52] Anwar Sadat and Saad el-Shazly's families also backed el-Sisi.[54][55] The Egyptian Patriotic Movement announced on 13 May that it would support Sisi.[56] The Strong Egypt Party, headed by Aboul Fotouh, has opposed el-Sisi's candidacy.[57] Sabahi has criticized the possibility of having someone with a military background become the next president, arguing that such an outcome would run counter to the goals of the Egyptian revolution.[58][59] He also has expressed doubt about Sisi's commitment to democracy, has argued that the Field Marshal bears a measure of direct and indirect responsibility for the human rights violations carried out during the period of the interim government, and has denounced what he deems to be the interim government's hostility toward the goals of the revolution.[60] The Road of the Revolution Front, the Constitution Party, both wings of the April 6 Movement and the Anti-Coup Alliance have opposed Sisi's election bid.[61] The 6 April movement has opposed Sisi's candidacy on the grounds that it would further exacerbate polarization and division.[62] A social media campaign against Sisi's candidacy has arisen.[63] Shortly after Sisi's announcement to run for the presidential elections, some social media users in Egypt and the Arab world responded to Al-Sisi's presidential bid announcement with a viral hashtag ("vote for the pimp") that swept Twitter, Facebook, and other social media platforms.[63] The Revolutionary Socialists have issued a statement delineating their position toward the election which criticized state institutions supporting Sisi, described Sisi as the "leader of the counter-revolution," and vowed to "expose el-Sisi's illusions and to destroy the idol which Mubarak's state is erecting as it rebuilds itself."[64] Six political movements, including the Road of the Revolution Front, both wings of the 6 April movement, the Revolutionary Socialists, Hakemhom, and the Students Resistance movement have joined together to create an anti-Sisi campaign called "Against You."[65]

Two co-founders of Tamarod (Hassan Shahin and Mohamed Abel Aziz) have been suspended from the organization after announcing their support for Hamdeen Sabahi in his presidential bid.[66] Other leading Tamarod members, numbering around 50, have issued a statement expressing support for Sabahi.[67] The Revolution's Candidate campaign has begun to promote Sabahi following his confirmation that he will run in the election.[68] The Popular Current has officially supported Sabahi for president,[69] The Constitution Party has announced its official support for Sabahi after polling its members over potential positions to take toward the election.[70][71] The Socialist Popular Alliance Party announced on 25 April 2014 that it will support Sabahi.[72] The Dignity Party previously stated that it will support Sabahi.[72] The Revolutionary Socialists announced on 27 April that they will support Sabahi.[73][74] The Justice Party declared its support for Sabahi on 28 April.[75] The Brotherhood Without Violence movement has also backed Sabahi.[76] The Freedom Egypt Party has announced its support for Sabahi.[77]

The Kefaya Movement will not back a candidate.[78] After holding an internal vote over the question of what position to take toward the presidential election, the Egyptian Social Democratic Party has decided not to officially back any candidate.[79] The 6 April Democratic Front has declared that it will let members decide whether to support Sabahi or boycott the election.[80]

Conduct and controversies[edit]

The Socialist Popular Alliance Party and the Revolutionary Socialists opposed the use of state media for the promotion of el-Sisi as a candidate.[64][81] The Socialist Popular Alliance also demanded "fair, transparent, credible elections" and argued that allowing the election to turn into a referendum over a single candidate would mean the establishment of a totalitarian state.[82] Ahmed Douma, an activist and member of the Popular Current presently imprisoned for allegedly violating an anti-protest law, called on Hamdeen Sabahi to withdraw his candidacy unless the protest law is annulled and prisoners whose incarceration is justified by this law or otherwise associated with its application are freed.[83] Sabahi and his campaign issued complaints of state bias, assaults and arbitrary arrests against pro-Sabahi campaigners, and destruction of candidate endorsement documents.[84][85][86][87] Sabahi also accused Sisi's campaign of bribing citizens to garner endorsements, as well as having orchestrated prepaid arrangements to acquire endorsements.[88] The Presidential Elections Committee stated that Sabahi broke election rules by announcing his campaign prematurely and that it will investigate the matter.[89] In response to actions undertaken by governmental authorities during the course of the voting process, Sabahi withdrew his campaign representatives from polling stations and described the election as "a seemingly non-democratic process that lacks a minimum amount of freedom of expression."[90] The Sabahi campaign denounced the arrests of many of its members throughout the course of the voting process.[91]

Boycotts[edit]

Ayman Nour and his Ghad El-Thawra Party announced its boycott on 9 February.[92] The National Alliance to Support Legitimacy announced on 27 April 2014 that it will boycott the vote.[93] The 6 April movement has announced that it will boycott the vote, describing the election as a "farce."[94] The Strong Egypt Party re-affirmed that it would boycott the vote on 14 May.[95]

Monitors[edit]

The Presidential Electoral Committee approved 80 domestic and 6 international Civil Society Organizations to monitor the elections while rejecting 32 domestic and seven international CSOs. Among the international organizations are the European Union, the African Union, the League of Arab States, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa and Organisation internationale de la Francophonie[96] The European Union monitored the election,[97] as did Democracy International, though Democracy International withdrew after the second day of voting-the vote had been scheduled to last two days, but was extended to three after a low turnout.[4] They commented that the extension raised "questions" regarding "independence of the election commission, the impartiality of the government, and the integrity of Egypt's electoral process".[4] The European Union remained observing until the culmination of the voting.[4] The Carter Center also sent a "small expert mission" focussed on general legal and political issues.[98]

Opinion polls[edit]

A September 2013 Zogby Research Services opinion poll found that 46% of Egyptians expressed "confidence" in Abdel Fattah El Sisi while 52% were "not confident" in the general.[99] The same poll showed 44% exhibiting "confidence" in former president Mohammed Morsi and 55% as being "not confident" about the deposed leader.[99] The Zogby poll reported 39% as "confident" in interim president Adly Mansour while 58% were "not confident" in him.[99] A poll conducted by Baseera in February 2014[100] indicated that 51% of those polled would vote for el-Sisi, while 45% are undecided about who to vote for and 1% plan to cast their vote for Sabahi.[101] 2,062 people were polled by the Egyptian Center for Public Opinion Research (Baseera) in all of the governorates of Egypt from 27 February 2014 to 4 March 2014 via mobile and landline calling.[102] Another poll, also conducted by Baseera, indicated that 39% would vote for El-Sisi,[103] while 59% are undecided and 1% indicated that they would vote for Sabahi.[104] The poll was conducted by contacting 2,034 people 18 and older who were contacted through land line and mobile phones throughout all of Egypt's governorates from 24 March until 26 March.[103] Another poll taken from 28 April until 2 May indicated that 72% supported Sisi, while 2% support Sabahi.[105] A poll by the Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies found that 84% of those who responded would support Sisi, while 16 would support Sabahi.[106] Another poll by Baseera conducted from 10 May to 11 May that polled 2,000 people found that 75% have said that they will vote for Sisi, while 2% will vote for Sabahi and 15% are undecided.[107] 87% of people who responded said that they will vote.[108]

Opinion polls in Egypt are, however, unreliable, having failed to predict the outcome of the 2012 presidential elections.[109]

Poll source Date(s) administered Sample size Hamdeen Sabahi
Egyptian Popular Current
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Non-partisan
None Lead
Baseera[100][101] 27 February – 4 March 2014 2,062 1% 51% 45% 50%
Baseera[103][104] 24–26 March 2014 2,034 1% 39% 59% 38%
Baseera[105] 28 April- 2 May 2014 2,005 2% 72% 26% 70%
Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies[106] approximately 2 May 2014 ? 16% 84% 0% 68%
Baseera[107] 10–11 May 2014[107] 2,000[108] 2% 76% 22% 74%

Turnout[edit]

The second day of the elections was declared a public holiday to encourage people to vote and the voting was extended until 10pm. By the end of the second day, the elections committee decided to extend voting to 28 May.[110] While some attribute the low turnout to earlier calls by the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt to boycott the elections, others see it as a reflection of the popularity of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.[111][112]

Results[edit]

Expats[edit]

The Presidential Elections Committee announced on 21 May that the final tally of votes by Egyptians at polling stations abroad in the presidential election had El-Sisi win with 94.5% of the votes (296,628 votes out of 318,033).[113]

Exit polls[edit]

An exit poll from the Egyptian Centre for Public Opinion Research, Baseera, the primary institute to have polled the election campaign, showed El-Sisi in the lead with 95.3%, and Sabahi with 4.7%.[114]

Unofficial results and reactions[edit]

Unofficial results that were reported in the news outlets showed that out of the Egyptian population eligible to vote of 54 million, only around half, 25.6 million voted.[115] Of the 25.6 million, El-Sisi was voted for by 23.9 million, in comparison to Sabahi's 756,000,[114] It was also reported that the number of votes Sabahi received was outnumbered by invalid votes[115] (1.07 million).[4] When the unofficial results were published, hundreds of El-Sisi supporters in Cairo celebrated.[115]

A day after the election, Sabahi conceded defeat but said the official turnout figures were too high and were "an insult to the intelligence of Egyptians." The next day he contested the results of the election, even before the official results were announced by the presidential election commission.[116] The appeal was rejected by PEC the day after.[117]

Official results[edit]

The official publication date for the results was due to be 5 June,[12] in memory of the Six-Day War's beginning, in which Egypt was at war with Israel.[6] However, earlier on 3 June, Judge Anwar El-Assi announced the following final official results: 25,578,233 voted in the elections, a turnout of 47.5%, with el-Sisi winning with 23.78 million votes, 96.91%.[1] Hamdeen Sabahi got 757,511 of the votes, 3.09%.[2]

e • d Summary of the 26–28 May 2014 Egyptian presidential election results
Candidates Parties Votes  %
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Independent 23,780,114 96.91%
Hamdeen Sabahi Egyptian Popular Current 757,511 3.09%
Total valid votes 24,537,625 95.93%
Invalid votes 1,040,608 4.07%
Turnout 25,578,233 47,50%
Abstentions 28,270,667 52,50%
Registered voters 53,848,890 100%
Source: [118]

Reactions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

In conjunction with el-Sisi inauguration festivals held in Egypt's Supreme constitutional court, Heliopolis Palace and Quba palace, Tahrir Square was prepared for receiving millions of Egyptians to celebrate Sisi's winning while police and army troops have shut down the square outlets by barbed wires and barricades ,as well as electronic gates for detecting any explosives that could spoil the festivals.[119]

Al Azhar grand Imam Sheikh Ahmed el-Tayeb [120] and the Pope Tawadros II [121] sent a congratulation cable to el-Sisi. ُEgypt's top football clubs Al Ahly SC [122] and Zamalek's [123] board of directors also sent el-Sisi cables. The leading Egyptian Journalist and Author Mohamed Hassanein Heikal congratulated Sisi and expressed through his Twitter account his wishes for el-Sisi.[124] The Egyptian minister of defense Sedki Sobhi in the name of the Egyptian Armed Forces congratulated el-Sisi.

The Presidential election loser Hamdeen Sabahi called el-Sisi to congratulate him and wished him luck expressing his trust that he would succeed.[125]

President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, an hour after he was named the country's new leader, gave a television speech expressing his gratitude over the election results saying "My emotions are mixed with happiness and aspiration: my happiness for what you have achieved and my aspiration to be worthy of your trust,". Sisi also said that "now is the time for work", with the future goal being to realise the revolutions' goals of freedom, dignity, humanity and social justice. "I am looking forward to your efforts and determination in building the upcoming stage," he added.[126]

International[edit]

  •  UN — The United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon congratulated el-Sisi, saying that he puts his faith in Egypt's president-elect and trusts that he will do everything possible to support the Egyptian people's aspirations for a "stable, democratic and prosperous Egypt."[127]
  •  EU — The European Union extended congratulations to el-Sisi saying the conclusion of elections “marks an important step in the implementation of the constitutional roadmap towards the transition to democracy in Egypt”.[128]
  •  Arab League — The Arab Parliament speaker Ahmed Ben Mohamed Jarwan congratulated el-Sisi in a congratulatory cable wishing luck to the new leader to meet the expectations of the Egyptian people.[129]
  •  Russia — Shortly after the initial results appeared, before the final results, President Vladimir Putin called president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi to congratulate him in what he described as "convincing success", he also agreed to hold top official meetings and encourage mutual relations between the two countries in the forthcoming period.[130] The Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus' Kirill also has congratulated el-Sisi on winning the election.[131]
  •  United States — A White House statement from June 4, 2014 said the US "looks forward to working with Abdelfattah al-Sisi, the winner of Egypt's presidential election, to advance our strategic partnership and the many interests shared by the United States and Egypt."[132]
  •  Saudi Arabia — King Abdullah ibn Abdilaziz has sent a cable of congratulation Al-Sisi describing describing the day as a “historic day,” and vowed to continue support for Egypt saying “In this day of history and in a new stage of the march of Egypt, a country of true Islam and Arabism, I have the pleasure to congratulate you on the kind confidence bestowed on you by the people who entrusted you to carry their hopes, aspirations and dreams for a better future,” King Abdullah also called on countries to attend a donors conference for Egypt warning "any able country failing to contribute to help Egypt would have no future place among us.”[133]
  •  UAE — The Emirati president Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan sent el-Sisi a cable of congratulation saying: “Congratulations on the precious trust given to you by the brotherly people of Egypt in facing the challenges they are experiencing, and to achieve their aspirations and ambitions in stability, development, progress, prosperity, pride and dignity.” [134] Sharjah ruler Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qasimi, Deputy ruler Ahmed bin Sultan Al-Qasimi, crown prince of Sharjah Sheikh Sultan Bin Muhammed Al-Qassimi, Sharjah debuty ruler Abdullah bin Salem Al-Qassimi also sent Sisi congratulation cables.[135]
  •  Kuwait — The Kuwaiti government chaired by His Highness the Prime Minister Sheikh Jaber Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah congratulated el-Sisi and wished him luck in restoring security and stability nationwide, His Highness the Amir Al-Jaber Al-Sabah participated in Al-Sisi's inauguration ceremony in Cairo [136]
  •  Jordan — King Abdullah called el-Sisi to congratulate him, he also attended his inauguration in Cairo vowing more support to Egypt [137]
  •  Palestine — The Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas called el-Sisi to congratulate him describing his victory as "a victory for the Arab and Palestinian cause".[130]
  •  Israel — Both the Israeli President Shimon Peres and the Prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the Egyptian President el-Sisi to congratulate him, they described his win as "sweeping victory in a democratic transparent atmosphere" , they also expressed their certainty that el-Sisi would take Egypt to the position it deserves based on his background as a fighter soldier and a great leader seeking his country's sublimity.[138]
  •  Turkey — The Turkish president Abdullah Gul has sent el-Sisi a message congratulating him saying he had no doubts that the deep-rooted relations between Turkey and Egypt would continue, and sent his best wishes for the peace, stability and well-being of the Egyptian people.[140] The Turkish prime minister Erdogan dismissed the congratulatory message saying such messages are “meaningless.” [141]
  •  Nigeria — The Nigerian president Goodluck Jonathan has sent el-Sisi a cable congratulating him urging him to "fully dedicate himself to ending years of political turmoil in the north African country by working diligently for national reconciliation, peace, political stability and socioeconomic development,".[142]
  •  Italy — The Italian Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini has sent el-Sisi a cable congratulating him saying that Italy considers Egypt as a strategic partner to face common threats in the region.[143]
  •  China — The Chinese President Xi Jinping has congratulated el-Sisi on his election as Egypt's new president saying that China is willing to make joint efforts with Egypt to further promote the traditional friendship between the two peoples, and to cement their mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields so as to advance the China-Egypt strategic cooperation.[144]
  •  UK — British Foreign Secretary William Hague congratulated el-Sisi saying that Britain is looking forward to working with El-Sisi's government on strengthening the "broad and productive relationship between both our peoples." [145]
  •  Algeria — The Algerian president Abdelaziz Bouteflika has sent a cable addressing el-Sisi as Mr. President and "my dear brother" wishing him best of luck regarding his duty.[147]
  •  Yemen — The Yemini president Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi sent el-Sisi a cable wishing him the best of luck and expressing his sureness that Egypt led by el-Sisi would be supporter for the Arab cause.[148]
  •  Sudan — The Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir called el-Sisi wishing him the best of luck for Egypt to restore the stability.[149]
  •  Namibia — The Namibian president Hifikepunye Pohamba has sent el-Sisi a cable wishing that electing him would restore stability and peace to Egypt.[150]
  •  Morocco — The Moroccan King Mohammed has sent el-Sisi a cable wishing him luck in his "Semitic" mission.[151]
  •  Iraq — The Iraqi prime minister Nouri al-Maliki has sent el-Sisi a cable hoping that electing el-Sisi would mark a first step towards restoring stability in Egypt.[154]
  •  Venezuela — The Venezuelan president Nicolás Maduro has sent a cable congratulating el-Sisi and saying that he is looking forward to co-operating with Egypt to "strengthen the historical relations between the two countries".[158]
  •  Japan — The Japanese emperor Akihito has sent a cable congratulating el-Sisi expressing his wishes for el-Sisi to succeed [159]
  •  Germany — The German President Joachim Gauck has sent a congratulatory telegram to el-Sisi congratulating him on his inauguration as president, he also stressed on the outstanding role of president Sisi in uniting Egyptians together. he also affirmed on the importance of cooperation based on the partnership between Egypt and Germany.[160]
  •  Singapore — The Singaporean President Tony Tan Keng Yam has written el-Sisi a congratulatory message offering "warmest congratulations". saying "Your assumption of office will mark the completion of an important phase of Egypt’s political transition," he wrote, in a letter released to the media on Friday (June 6). Dr Tan says Singapore stands ready to help, as Mr El-Sisi attempts to steer Egypt "back onto the path of stability and prosperity".[161]
  •  Iran — The Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has congratulated el-Sisi, the Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister for Arab and African Affairs Amir Abdollahian attended the inauguration ceremony of el-Sisi in Cairo.[162]
  •  Spain — Spain's government released a statement saying that it welcomes "the fact that the elections were held in a prevailing climate of calm" and it said that "Spain trusts that the mandate of President al-Sisi serves to make progress towards the true democratisation of the country, leads to a return to economic growth and the creation of opportunities for the people of Egypt and highlights the need for the consolidation of security and stability of the country." [163]
  •  Bahrain — King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa sent a cable to el-Sisi wishing him success in assuming his presidential duties to meet his people's aspirations and ambitions, achieve further progress and prosperity and consolidate security and stability. "We are looking forward to attending your inauguration, fully confident in your ability to achieve stability, progress and prosperity and lead Egypt to assume its strategic and pivotal regional role in championing Arab and Islamic causes," he added.[164]
  •  Tunisia — The major Tunisian opposition party Nidaa Tounes published two letters through its Facebook page, the first one congratulates the Egyptian people for electing el-Sisi, and the other for congratulating el-Sisi saying “Under your [Sisi’s] guidance and with your election, our sister Egypt inaugurates a new era of trust in the present and hope in the future,”. the letter was signed by the party's leader Beji Caid el Sebsi [165]
  •  Ethiopia — The Ethiopian President Mulatu Teshome sent a congratulatory message to President Sisi stressing the historical ties of friendship between the two countries and looked forward to strengthening this relation the future.[166] The Ethiopian foreign minister attended the inauguration of el-Sisi.[167]
  •  Gambia — A Gambian official delegation headed by The Gambia’s Secretary General and Minister for Presidential Affairs Momodou Sabally attended the ceremony of Sisi's inauguration in Cairo.[168]
  • The IMF managing Director Christine Lagarde congratulated el-Sisi in a cable his win in what she described as "elections in a fair atmosphere" wishing him the best of luck on his new charge.[169]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ a b "Sisi, Sabahi to face off for Egyptian presidency". Asharq Al-Awsat. 21 April 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Egypt: El-Sissi wins election by landslide". The Monitor. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Egypt's Sisi set for landslide win in presidential vote". France24. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
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  8. ^ "Egypt's newly-approved constitution to be followed by tackling key political laws". Ahram Online. 19 January 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
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External links[edit]