Ehime Prefecture

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"Ehime" redirects here. For the school ship, see Ehime Maru and USS Greeneville collision.
Ehime Prefecture
愛媛県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 愛媛県
 • Rōmaji Ehime-ken
Official logo of Ehime Prefecture
Symbol of Ehime Prefecture
Location of Ehime Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Matsuyama
Government
 • Governor Tokihiro Nakamura (since December 2010)
Area
 • Total 5,676.44 km2 (2,191.69 sq mi)
Area rank 26th
Population (November 1, 2010)
 • Total 1,430,086
 • Rank 27th
 • Density 251.93/km2 (652.5/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-38
Districts 7
Municipalities 20
Flower Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu)[1]
Tree Pine (Pinus)[1]
Bird Japanese robin (Erithacus akahige)[1]
Fish Red sea bream (Pagrus major)[1]
Website www.pref.ehime.jp/index-e.htm

Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県 Ehime-ken?) is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan.[2] The capital is Matsuyama.[3]

History[edit]

Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province.[4] Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.

After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shogun gave the area to his allies, including Kato Yoshiaki who built Matsuyama Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama.

The name Ehime comes from the Kojiki and means "beautiful maiden."[citation needed]

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in the City of Matsuyama in Ehime-ken.[5]

Geography[edit]

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima in the east and Kōchi in the south.

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[6]

Cities[edit]

Map of Ehime Prefecture.
Matsuyama
Uwajima

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

Towns and villages[edit]

These are the towns in each district:

Ehime agency

Mergers[edit]

Former districts:

Economy[edit]

The area around Matsuyama has a number of industries, including shipbuilding, chemicals, oil refining, and paper and textile products. The rural areas of the prefecture mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruit such as mikan (tangerine) and iyokan and cultured pearls.

Ikata's nuclear power plant produces a large portion of Shikoku's electricity.

Education[edit]

University[edit]

Sports[edit]

The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Culture[edit]

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dogo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.

Museums[edit]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

  • Iyotetsu
    • Gunchu Line
    • Takahama Line
    • Yokogawara Line

Tramway[edit]

  • Iyotetsu
    • Matsuyama Inner Line

Road[edit]

Expressway[edit]

Kurushima Strait Bridge in Shimanami Expressway

National highways[edit]

  • Route 11
  • Route 33 (Matsuyama-Kochi)
  • Route 56 (Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima-Sukumo-Susaki-Kochi)
  • Route 192 (Saijyo-Shikoku Chuo-Yoshinogawa-Tokushima)
  • Route 194
  • Route 196
  • Route 197
  • Route 317 (Matsuyama-Imabari-Onomichi)
  • Route 319
  • Route 320
  • Route 378
  • Route 380
  • Route 437
  • Route 440
  • Route 441
  • Route 494 (Matsuyama-Niyodogawa-Susaki)

Ports[edit]

  • Kawanoe Port
  • Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima, Hakata Island, and international container hub port
  • Matsuyama Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu, Yanai, Hiroshima, Kure, and international container hub port
  • Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu, Usuki
  • Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita
  • Uwajima Port

Airport[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル. Ehime prefectural website (in Japanese). Ehime Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170, p. 170, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621, p. 621, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  5. ^ "Japan Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire. 
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°50′N 132°50′E / 33.833°N 132.833°E / 33.833; 132.833