Ehsan Elahi Zaheer
Ehsan Elahi Zaheer
May 31, 1945|
|Died||March 30, 1987
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Ahsaan Ellahi Zaheer was born on Thursday, May 31, 1945, in the city of Sialkot in Pakistan to a prominent and wealthy Punjabi industrialist family with a history of involvement with the Ahl-e-Hadees. He memorized the Qur'an at the age of 9 years. His father recognized his potential of learning at an early age.
He studied at Jamia Islamiyyah Gujranwala and at Jamia Salafiyyah in Faisalabad before leaving to study abroad at the prestigious Islamic University of Madinah in Saudi Arabia, where he studied under well known contemporary salafi scholars such as Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani and Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz. He got first position all over the world with 93.5% marks in Madina University. After graduating from the department of Sharia he returned to his country and pursued further education and received his Masters in Arabic, Islamic Studies, Urdu and Persian.
During his final year of study at Medina Bin Baz asked him to deliver lectures, a very rare opportunity amongst attending students. During this time his book ‘al-Qadiyaniyyah’ was also to be printed in Madina. Ehsan Elahi however wanted to include on the book ‘Graduate of Madina University' but at that time he had not actually graduated. He went to see bin Baaz who was at that time the chancellor of Madina University, bin Baaz agreed and granted him permission to do so. Ahsaan Ellahi Zaheer then asked the Shaikh ‘What if I fail to get my degree?’ to which bin Baaz replied, ‘I will close the University.’ Zaheer during his lifetime held various prominent posts within his country, and at one time was the adviser to the then Pakistani President Zia Ul Haq, on Islamic affairs.
Ahsaan Ellahi Zaheer had earned his fair share of controversy during his lifetime due to his well known debates with the leaders of various movements within the Muslim world, whom Zaheer viewed as deviated from the religious practices of the companions of Islamic Prophet Muhammad and the early generations of Muslims. In particular, his books and debates were known to have gained the ire of and death threats from members of the Barelvi and Shi'a sects and the Deobandi movement with previous incidents of extremist members assassinating and kidnapping Sunni Muslim figures. He was also reported to have fallen out of favour with the Government of General Zia ul Haq for his outspoken opposition to the Sharia Bill and the involvement of the Government agencies in the enforcement of Shariat Law in Pakistan. He had also criticized the politically influenced view of Islam propagated by Jamaat-e-Islami. Thus, it seems, he had fallen foul with virtually every force in Pakistan.
These death threats were finally carried out on March 23, 1987. While giving a speech on the biography of Muhammad, a bomb which had been planted on the stage exploded eventually killing Zaheer along with 18 attendees; 114 were seriously injured. Of the death toll, nine were also scholars and teachers within the Salafi and Ahle Hadith. Zaheer initially survived the blast and after initial treatment at the central hospital of Lahore, he was transferred for further medical treatment in Saudi Arabia.
He died on 30 March 1987 after spending 22 hours in a Riyadh hospital. Bin Baaz, whilst crying, led his funeral prayer in Riyadh. It was considered one of the most historical funerals ever prayed in Riyadh that included countless scholars and students of Islamic studies, and also senior government officials from Pakistan like General Zia ul Haq, General Akhtar Abdur Rehman and Sahabzada Yaqub Khan, the foreign minister. The funeral attendance was estimated above 3 million people, after which his body was taken to the Baqi graveyard. His body was buried next to the grave of Malik ibn Anas.
- His famous books: “ash-Shia Was-Sunnah” “ash-Shia Wa-Ahlul-Bayt” “ash-Shia Wal-Qur'aan” “ash-Shiawat-TaShia” “Baynash-Shia Wa Ahlus-Sunnah”"Al brelwiyah"Shiites and Sunnis (1393 e).
- Shia and Ahl al-Bayt (1403), the third edition
- Shiites, Shiism teams and the date of
- Ismaili history and doctrines (1405 e)
- Portal view and critique
- Qadiani (1376 e)
- Braylwiyyah beliefs and the date (1403 AH)
- Baha'i criticism and analysis (1975 m)
- Respond adequately to the fallacies of Dr. Ali Abdul Wahid Wafi (1404 e)
- To mysticism, origin and sources: Part I (1406 e)
- Studies in Sufism is the second part
- Shiites and the Koran (1403 e).
- Esoteric squads known.
- Indian sub-continent teams and beliefs.
- Shiites and Sunnis in Farsi.
- Book way in English and Urdu.
- Kitaab al-Tawheed.
- Infidelity and Islam in Urdu.
- Shiites and Sunnis in Persian, English and Thai
- Biography of Ihsaan Ilahi Thahir, pg. 38
- Biography of Ihsaan Ilahi Thair, pg. 39
- Muhammad as-Saayim, Martyrs of the Islamic Da'wah During the 20th Century, Cairo: Daar-ul-Fadeelah, 1992, pg. 166
- Muhammad Ibraaheem ash-Shaybaanee, Ihsan Ilahi Thahir: al-Jihad wal-'Ilm min al-Hayat ilal Mamat, Kuwait: Maktabat Ibn Taymiyyah, pg.23
- Muhammad as-Saayim, Martys of the Islamic Da'wah During the 20th Century, pg. 167
- 'Abdul-Qaadir 'Abdul-Kareem, "Aggressive Attempts Made Against the Salafi Movement in Pakistan," Majallat ud-Da'wah (magazine), no. 1115, Monday November 9, 1987, pg.31
- Biography on al-Muttaqoon
- Biography of Ehsan Elahi Zaheer
- Shia's and Shiaism, there Genesis and Evolution, by Allama Ehsan Elahi Zaheer
- Barailwiyyah, History and Aqeedah: Introduction- by Shaykh Ihsaan Ilaahi Zaheer,
- Barailwiyyah, History and Aqeedah: Chapter 1: Barailwiyyah,
- Barailwiyyah, History and Aqeedah: Chapter 2: Barailwee Beliefs (Part 1),
- Barailwiyyah, History and Aqeedah: Chapter 2: Barailwee Beliefs (Part 2),
- Barailwiyyah, History and Aqeedah: Chapter 3: Barailwee Teachings
- The largest collection of Allama Ehsan Ilahi Zaheer's lectures online (123 lectures)