Ehsan Elahi Zaheer

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Islamic scholar
Ehsan Elahi Zaheer
Ehsan Elahi Zaheer.jpg
Born (1945-05-31)May 31, 1945
Sialkot, Pakistan
Died March 30, 1987(1987-03-30) (aged 41)
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Other names Ihsan Ilahi Zahir; Ehsaan.
Ethnicity Punjabi
Era Modern era
Region Pakistani scholar
Creed Ahle Hadith
Main interest(s) Salafism

Ehsan Elahi Zaheer (Urdu: احسان الہی ظہیر‎) (May 31, 1945 – March 30, 1987) was a Pakistani Islamic theologian and author. He was a religious scholar and leader of the Ahle Hadith Islamic movement.[1] He was born in Sialkot, Pakistan and died from an assassin's bomb blast on 1987.[2]

Biography[edit]

Birth[edit]

Ehsan Elahi Zaheer was born on Thursday, May 31, 1945, in the city of Sialkot in Pakistan to a prominent and wealthy Punjabi industrialist family with a history of involvement with the Ahl-e-Hadees. He memorized the Qur'an at the age of 9 years. His father recognized his potential of learning at an early age.

Education[edit]

He studied at Jamia Islamiyyah Gujranwala and at Jamia Salafiyyah in Faisalabad before leaving to study abroad at the prestigious Islamic University of Madinah in Saudi Arabia,[2] where he studied under well known contemporary salafi scholars such as Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani and Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz. He got first position all over the world with 93.5% marks in Madina University. He then started teaching and giving weekly khutbahs up until he left for Saudi Arabia. After graduating from the department of Sharia he returned to his country and pursued further education and received his Masters in Arabic, Islamic Studies, Urdu and Persian.

During his final year of study at Medina Bin Baz asked him to deliver lectures, a very rare opportunity amongst attending students. During this time his book ‘al-Qadiyaniyyah’ was also to be printed in Madina. Ehsan Elahi however wanted to include on the book ‘Graduate of Madina University' but at that time he had not actually graduated. He went to see bin Baaz who was at that time the chancellor of Madina University, bin Baaz agreed and granted him permission to do so. Ehsan Elahi Zaheer then asked the Shaikh ‘What if I fail to get my degree?’ to which bin Baaz replied, ‘I will close the University.’ Zaheer during his lifetime held various prominent posts within his country, and at one time was the adviser to the then Pakistani President Zia Ul Haq, on Islamic affairs.

Death[edit]

Ehsan Elahi Zaheer was reported to have fallen out of favour with the Government of General Zia ul Haq for his outspoken opposition to the Sharia Bill and the involvement of the Government agencies in the enforcement of Shariat Law in Pakistan. He had also criticized the politically influenced view of Islam propagated by Jamaat-e-Islami. Thus, it seems, he had fallen foul with virtually every force in Pakistan.

These death threats were finally carried out on March 23, 1987. While giving a speech on the biography of Muhammad, a bomb which had been planted on the stage exploded eventually killing Zaheer along with 18 attendees; 114 were seriously injured.[3] Of the death toll, nine were also scholars and teachers within the Salafi and Ahle Hadith.[4][5][6] Zaheer initially survived the blast and after initial treatment at the central hospital of Lahore, he was transferred for further medical treatment in Saudi Arabia.

He died on 30 March 1987 after spending 22 hours in a Riyadh hospital. Bin Baaz, whilst crying, led his funeral prayer in Riyadh. It was considered one of the most historical funerals ever prayed in Riyadh that included countless scholars and students of Islamic studies, and also senior government officials from Pakistan like General Zia ul Haq, General Akhtar Abdur Rehman and Sahabzada Yaqub Khan, the foreign minister. The funeral attendance was estimated above 3 million people, after which his body was taken to the Baqi graveyard.[7] His body was buried next to the grave of Malik ibn Anas. And

Works[edit]

Mostly his works are refutation books to other sects, include books on the Shia, Barelvis, Ahmadiyya, Sufism and many more.

  • Al-Qadiyaniyyah, a refutation of Ahmadiyyah (1376 AH)
  • Shiites and Sunnah (Ash-Shia Was-Sunnah)
  • Shiites and Ahlul Bait (Ash-Shia Wa-Ahlul-Bayt) (1403 AH), the third edition.
  • Shiites and the Koran (Ash-Shia Wal-Qur'an) (1403 AH), which includes over 12,000 narrations of the Shia
  • Ash-Shia wat-Tashia, another Shia refutation
  • Between Shiites and Sunnis '(Baynash-Shee'ah Wa Ahlus-Sunnah) in Persian, English and Thai.
  • A refutation book on Bábism and Bahaism (1975 CE).
  • at-Tassawuff al-Manshaa Wal-Masaadir, a refutation of the Sufis,
  • Al-Ismaa'eeliyyah, a refutation of Ismailism, contain about Ismaili history and doctrines (1405 AH)
  • al-Bareilwiyyah (1403 AH), a refutation of the Barelvi,
  • A explanation of Kitaab al-Waseelah of Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah,
  • Kitaab us-Salaah, Book of Prayer
  • Saffar Hijaaz,
  • Saqoot Dhaka
  • Respond adequately to the fallacies of Dr. Ali Abdul Wahid Wafi (1404 e)
  • Saffar Hijaaz[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roy, Olivier, The Failure of Political Islam, by Olivier Roy, translated by Carol Volk, Harvard University Press, 1994, p.118-9
  2. ^ a b Biography of Allamah Ehsan Elahi Zaheer
  3. ^ Muhammad as-Saayim, Martyrs of the Islamic Da'wah During the 20th Century, Cairo: Daar-ul-Fadeelah, 1992, pg. 166
  4. ^ Muhammad Ibraaheem ash-Shaybaanee, Ihsan Ilahi Thahir: al-Jihad wal-'Ilm min al-Hayat ilal Mamat, Kuwait: Maktabat Ibn Taymiyyah, pg.23
  5. ^ Muhammad as-Saayim, Martys of the Islamic Da'wah During the 20th Century, pg. 167
  6. ^ 'Abdul-Qaadir 'Abdul-Kareem, "Aggressive Attempts Made Against the Salafi Movement in Pakistan," Majallat ud-Da'wah (magazine), no. 1115, Monday November 9, 1987, pg.31
  7. ^ Biography on al-Muttaqoon
  8. ^ http://almuttaqoon.com/index.php?showtopic=150

External links[edit]