|• Lord Mayor||Andreas Steppberger (FW)|
|• Total||47.84 km2 (18.47 sq mi)|
|Elevation||371-534 m (−1,381 ft)|
|• Density||270/km2 (710/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||85072, 85067|
Eichstätt (German pronunciation: [ˈaɪçʃtɛt], formerly also Eichstädt or Aichstädt) is a town in the federal state of Bavaria, Germany, and capital of the District of Eichstätt. It is located along the Altmühl River, at , and had a population of 13,078 in 2002. It is dominated by the Willibaldsburg. It is home to the Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, the lone Catholic university in Germany. The K-U was founded in 1980, and was granted full rights of a university, including Ph.D. and Habilitation degrees by the State of Bavaria.
St. Willibald founded the Bishopric of Eichstätt on the site of an old Roman station in 741. The city was chartered in 908 and ruled by a prince-bishop until secularization in 1802, and became a part of Bavaria in 1806. Eichstätt was included as part of the Principality of Eichstätt, which Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria granted to his son-in-law Eugène de Beauharnais in 1817 and an episcopal see was reestablished in 1821. In 1943 the painter Karl Friedrich Lippmann moved to Eichstätt and stayed until 1955.
Eichstätt is famous for the quarries of Solnhofen Plattenkalk (Jurassic limestone). On the Blumenberg the Berlin specimen of Archaeopteryx was found by Jakob Niemeyer. Hortus Eystettensis (Garden at Eichstätt) is the name of an important botanical book first published in 1613, see entry of author Basilius Besler.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Eichstätt.|
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2013.
- Catholic University Eichstätt-Ingolstadt ECTS Information Guide, International Relations 15.05.06
- Media related to Eichstätt at Wikimedia Commons
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