For the village in Brandenburg, see Eichstädt
Residenzplatz in the centre of Eichstätt
The Willibaldsburg above Eichstätt
Eichstätt (German pronunciation: [ˈaɪçʃtɛt], formerly also Eichstädt or Aichstädt) is a town in the federal state of Bavaria, Germany, and capital of the District of Eichstätt. It is located along the Altmühl River, at 48°53′30″N 11°11′0″E / 48.89167°N 11.18333°E, and had a population of 13,078 in 2002. It is dominated by the Willibaldsburg (de). It is home to the Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, the lone Catholic university in Germany. The K-U was founded in 1980, and was granted full rights of a university, including Ph.D. and Habilitation degrees by the State of Bavaria.
St. Willibald founded the Bishopric of Eichstätt on the site of an old Roman station in 741. The city was chartered in 908 and ruled by a prince-bishop until secularization in 1802, and became a part of Bavaria in 1806. Eichstätt was included as part of the Principality of Eichstätt, which Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria granted to his son-in-law Eugène de Beauharnais in 1817 and an episcopal see was reestablished in 1821. In 1943 the painter Karl Friedrich Lippmann moved to Eichstätt and stayed until 1955.
Eichstätt is famous for the quarries of Solnhofen Plattenkalk (Jurassic limestone). On the Blumenberg the Berlin specimen of Archaeopteryx was found by Jakob Niemeyer. Hortus Eystettensis (Garden at Eichstätt) is the name of an important botanical book first published in 1613, see entry of author Basilius Besler.
Eichstätt houses Privatbrauerei Hofmühl, which was founded in 1492 and services the city's population.
The mayor of Eichstätt is Andreas Steppberger (FW). The current bishop is Gregor Maria Franz Hanke, O.S.B (appointed 14, Oct. 2006)