||This article may require copy editing for grammar and internal consistency. (September 2013)|
||This article or section appears to contradict itself about whether or not Sunnis celebrate the day. (September 2013)|
|Also called||Eid ul-Ghadeer|
|Observances||Prayers, giving gifts, festive meals.|
|Part of a series on|
- For more details on Eid al-Ghadeer, see Hadith of Ghadeer Khumm
Eid al-Ghadeer, observed by Shia Muslims on the 18th of Dhu al-Hijjah in the Islamic calendar, is a celebration of the appointment of Ali ibn Abi Talib by the Islamic prophet Muhammad as his immediate successor. This festival also marks the anniversary of Muhammad's sermon, as described in Hadith of the pond of Khumm, in which Muhammad states, Whomsoever's master (maula) I am, Ali is also his (maula) master. O' God, love those who love him, and be hostile to those who are hostile to him."من كنت مولاه فهذا عليّ مولاه أللهم والِ من والاه و عادِ من عاداه"
Shia Muslims celebrate the day with a tradition of taking a mass oath to reassert their commitment to Islam, in the same manner as individual Shia adults take an oath on reaching adulthood. They believe this ceremony to be continued from the period of their Imam.
Sunni Muslims do not celebrate Eid al-Ghadeer because they do not believe that it is an established celebratory day.
A few months before his passing, Muhammad, who was living in the city of Medina, made his last religious pilgrimage to Makkah in a trip referred to as The Farewell Pilgrimage. There, atop Mount Arafat, he addressed the Muslim masses in what came to be known as The Farewell Sermon. After completion of the Hajj, or religious pilgrimage, Muhammad turned back towards his home in Medina. During his trip, he stopped at the pond of Khumm, now called Al-Johfa, and appointed Ali as the master of believers. Muhammad also took a covenant about his mastership from those who were present. The exact meaning of the word Maula (master) is a matter of disagreement among the major sects of Islam. Though the tradition is recorded in both Shia and Sunni authentic books of traditions, they disagree on the interpretation of the tradition and the event, specifically the word Maula. There are also minor differences in the exact words of the tradition, as is the case for many repetitive traditions found in a single book of tradition. The tradition recorded in authentic Muslim books, such as the Sahih Muslim, is that after the pilgrimage, Muhammad ordered a gathering of Muslims to come to the pond of Khumm where he nominated Ali to be the master (Maula). Shias tradition interprets this as an announcement of Ali's successorship to the Prophet, while the Sunnis believe that it was only intended to be public praise of Ali (a.s) in front of his companions, some of whom did not like Ali (a.s), and was further emphasized by the two day delay. The wording of the sermon in Shia accounts is as follows:
Oh people! Reflect on the Quran and comprehend its verses. Look into its clear verses and do not follow its ambiguous parts, for by Allah, none shall be able to explain to you its warnings and its mysteries, nor shall anyone clarify its interpretation, other than the one that I have grasped his hand, brought up beside myself, [and lifted his arm,] the one about whom I inform you that whomever I am his master (Maula), this Ali is his master (Maula); and he is Ali Ibn Abi Talib, my brother, the executor of my will (Wasiyyi), whose appointment as your guardian and leader has been sent down to me from Allah, the Greatest, Mighty and the Majestic.
- Why do Shias celebrate Eid-e-Ghadeer?
- Sermon of Ameerul Momineen(asws) at Ghadeer http://www.wilayatmission.com/GhadeerEng.html (Sermon of Ameerul Momineen(asws) at Ghadeer)
- Eid-e Ghadir
- The Event of Ghadir Khumm (citations and interpretations) from Various Sunni Sources
- (Sermon of Ameerul Momineen(asws) at Ghadeer)
- The Sermon of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) in Ghadir Khum
- Ghadir Khumm - Interesting Aspects of a Unique Event
- What Happened at Ghadeer Khumm
- خطابه غدیر (Arabic)
- The event of Ghadeer Khum in Quran, Sunnah & History (Sunni perspective)
- خطابه غدیر
- Map of Ghadeer showing distance from Mecca, almost halfway between Medina and Mecca
- Complete Sermon at Ghadir Khumm in English Version
- Ghadir, the Greatest Eid of All Religions
- The Event of Ghadir Khumm in the Qur'an, Hadith, History
- "Al-Muraja'at: A Shi'i-Sunni dialogue". (letters 55-58)
- Ghadir Khumm
- Event of Ghadir Khumm
Sermon of Ameerul Momineen(asws) at Ghadeer
- http://www.wilayatmission.com/GhadeerEng.html (Sermon of Ameerul Momineen(asws) at Ghadeer)