|Former type||Subsidiary of Square Enix|
Computer and video games
|Fate||acquired by Square Enix and became known as Square Enix Europe|
|Successor(s)||Square Enix Europe|
|Headquarters||Wimbledon, London, England|
|Key people||Stephen Bernard Streater (Founder),
Ian Livingstone (Eidos President and CEO),
Phil Rogers (Square Enix Europe CEO)
|Products||Tomb Raider series
Deus Ex series
Kane & Lynch
Championship Manager series
Legacy of Kain series
|Revenue||£179.1 million (2006)|
|Operating income||£28.8 million (2006)|
|Profit||£8.1 million (2006)|
Sci Entertainment (Eidos plc) (2004–2009)
Square Enix (2009–present)
Sci Entertainment (Eidos plc) (2004–2009)
Square Enix (2009–present)
Eidos Interactive Ltd. (pron.: // EYE-doss), was a British video game publisher and has been replaced by Square Enix Europe. Eidos plc was headquartered in the Wimbledon Bridge House in Wimbledon, London Borough of Merton. The company has had offices all around the world, including the United States, Canada, Germany, France, Australia and Japan.
Its best-known game series include Tomb Raider, Hitman, Commandos, Deus Ex, Legacy of Kain, Thief, TimeSplitters, and Fear Effect. Eidos officially became part of Square Enix on 22 April 2009. Following a reorganization of the company, Eidos was merged with Square Enix's European operations into Square Enix Europe. The Eidos brand currently lives only through the development studio Eidos Montréal, and is also used as a label for games developed by former Eidos-owned developers like Crystal Dynamics and IO Interactive released before take-over by Square Enix Europe.
Beginnings and company growth 
Eidos plc, later to become the parent company of Eidos Interactive, was founded in 1990 as a company specialising in video compression and non-linear editing systems, particularly for Acorn Archimedes computers, and floated on the London Stock Exchange.
Following a series of rights issues and a strongly rising share price, Eidos plc undertook a series of acquisitions in the games sector, starting with the acquisition of the PC games companies Domark Group Limited (Domark), Simis and Big Red Software in 1995 through a reverse takeover. At the time, Domark was known for 3D Construction Kit, Championship Manager, Hard Drivin', and many other games. Domark (by far the largest of the set), Simis and Big Red were combined into Eidos Interactive.
In 1996, with the success of the Sony PlayStation imminent, Eidos plc acquired CentreGold plc (which included US Gold and Centresoft). Centresoft was sold back in an MBO. US Gold included the valuable asset of Core Design (probably best known for Tomb Raider, Chuck Rock, Curse of Enchantia, Heimdall, Rick Dangerous and E-Motion). A further series of acquisitions and skilful use of capital meant that Eidos plc (now almost entirely consisting of Eidos Interactive) was the fastest growing company in the world in the 1990s, with the share price rising over 400 times from its 1993 low to its 1999 high.
Takeover by SCi 
On 3 August 2004, the Wall Street Journal reported that Eidos was in preliminary discussions with a small number of companies in relation of a possible business combinations. In early March 2005, Eidos admitted that cash reserves had dwindled to £11.9m during the second half of 2004, and pre-tax losses had grown to £29m.
On 21 March 2005, Eidos received a takeover bid from Elevation Partners, the private equity firm owned by former Electronic Arts president John Riccitiello and with a number of notable partners, including U2's lead singer Bono. This takeover valued the company at £71m ($135m), and would inject £23m in order to keep the company solvent in the short term.
On 22 March, Eidos received a second takeover bid from the British games manufacturer SCi Entertainment. Sci offered £74m ($139m), and tabled a restructuring plan to cut £14m from annual costs. To fund this takeover, SCi proposed to sell £60m worth of stock. Eventually, in late April, Elevation Partners formally withdrew its offer, leaving the way clear for SCi. The takeover was finalized on 16 May 2005.
Since the Sci purchase, the vast majority of the old Eidos management were let go. SCi left their Battersea Office and moved into the old Eidos office on the second floor of Wimbledon Bridge House, 1 Hartfield Road, Wimbledon. Eidos announced on 15 February 2007 that they would open a new studio in Montreal, Quebec, Canada responsible for "new undisclosed next-generation projects". Eidos Montreal started developing a new game in the Deus Ex franchise.
In February 2007, Eidos acquired Rockpool Games, along with its two sister companies Ironstone Partners and SoGoPlay.
On 4 September 2007, the board of Sci Entertainment confirmed recent speculation that the company has been approached with a view to making an offer. On 10 January 2008 SCi announced take over and/or merger talks had been halted. As a result, the share price dropped by over 50%. Major investors called for the resignation of key personnel, including CEO Jane Cavanagh, over this issue as well as delays to key titles. On January 18, 2008 Jane Cavanagh, Bill Ennis and Rob Murphy (Managing Directors of Publishing and Studios, respectively) left the company.
Eidos's parent company, Sci, revealed its 2008 financial report. Losses were at £100 million, but new CEO Phil Rogers claimed this was only due to the reconstructing plans. On September 19, 2008 Eidos opened a Shanghai based studio consisting of a small team to build up relations in Asia. On 3 December 2008, Sci changed its name to Eidos plc (the name of Eidos, prior to the Sci takeover), and also changed its London Stock Exchange ticker symbol from SEG to EID.
Part of Square Enix Europe 
In February 2009, Square Enix reached an agreement to purchase Eidos for £84.3 million, pending shareholder approval, with an initial aim of fully buying Eidos on 6 May 2009. The date was brought forward and Square Enix officially took over Eidos on 22 April 2009.
Although Square Enix said earlier that it would let Eidos Interactive remain as it is currently and not meddle in its internal affairs, it has stopped publishing games under the Eidos brand, with new games coming out under the Square Enix brand instead. Currently the Eidos Interactive logo only appears for games developed by former Eidos-owned game studios.
- Crystal Dynamics in Redwood City, California, U.S (Official site), founded in 1992, acquired in 1998.
- IO Interactive in Copenhagen, Denmark (Official site), founded in 1998.
- Eidos Montreal in Canada (Official site), founded in 2007
- Beautiful Game Studios in London, England (Official site), started in 2003
- Eidos Shanghai in China (Official site), started in 2008
- Eidos Hungary in Hungary, founded in 2005, closed October 2009.
- Pivotal Games in Bath, England, founded in March 2000, acquired by SCi on 29 September 2003, closed 22 August 2008.
- Core Design in Derby, England, founded in 1988, acquired by Eidos in 1996, closed 11 May 2006.
- Ion Storm in Texas, founded in 1996, acquired by Eidos on July 2001, closed 9 February 2005.
- Fresh Games, a game developing label used from 2002 to 2004
- 25 To Life (2006)
- Age of Conan: Hyborian Adventures (2008)
- Backyard Wrestling: Don't Try This At Home (2003)
- Battlestations: Midway (2007)
- Battlestations: Pacific (2009)
- Batman: Arkham Asylum (2009)
- Beach Life (2002)
- Bionicle Heroes (2006)
- Championship Manager 5 (2005)
- Chili Con Carnage (2007)
- Chuck Rock (1991)
- Commandos: Behind Enemy Lines (1998) and its sequels
- Conflict: Denied Ops (2008)
- Crash 'N' Burn (2004)
- Cutthroats: Terror on the High Seas (1999)
- Daikatana (2000)
- Deathtrap Dungeon (1998)
- Deus Ex (2000)
- Doctor Who: Top Trumps (2008)
- Dominion: Storm Over Gift 3 (1998)
- Eve of Extinction (2002)
- F1 World Grand Prix (1999)
- F1 World Grand Prix 2000 (2001)
- Fear Effect (2000)
- Fear Effect 2: Retro Helix (2001)
- Fighting Force (1997)
- Fighting Force 2 (1999)
- Final Fantasy VII (PC version) (1997)
- Gangsters: Organized Crime (1998)
- Gangsters 2 (2001)
- Geon: Emotions (2007)
- Highlander: The Game (Canceled)
- Hitman: Codename 47 and its sequels
- Imperial Glory (2005)
- Infernal (2007)
- Joint Strike Fighter (1997)
- Just Cause (2006)
- Just Cause 2 (2010)
- Kane & Lynch: Dead Men (2007)
- Kane & Lynch 2: Dog Days (2010)
- Lara Croft and the Guardian of Light (2010)
- Legacy of Kain series
- Legaia 2: Duel Saga (2001)
- Lego Star Wars: The Video Game (2005)
- Mad Dash Racing (2001)
- Mad Maestro (2001)
- Mini Ninjas Official Site (2009)
- Mister Mosquito (2001)
- Monster Lab (2008)
- Nervous Brickdown (2007)
- Ninja: Shadow of Darkness (1998)
- Official Formula One Racing (1999)
- Omikron: The Nomad Soul (1999)
- Orion Burger (1996)
- Pocket Pool (2007)
- Power F1 (1997)
- Praetorians (2003)
- Project Eden (2001)
- Project IGI: I'm Going In (2000)
- Project Snowblind (2005)
- Revenant (1999)
- Reservoir Dogs (2006)
- Rogue Trooper (2006)
- Shellshock: Nam '67 (2004)
- Shellshock 2: Blood Trails (2009)
- Soul Bubbles (2008)
- Spider: The Video Game (1996)
- Startopia (2001)
- Terracide (1997)
- Thief series
- Timesplitters (2000)
- Timesplitters 2 (2002)
- Tomb Raider series
- Total Overdose (2005)
- Top Trumps Adventures (2007)
- Top Trumps Adventures: Dogs and Dinosaurs (2007)
- Top Trumps Adventures: Horror and Predators (2007)
- Touch the Dead (2007)
- Trade Empires (2001)
- The Unholy War (1998)
- Urban Chaos (1999)
- Urban Chaos: Riot Response (2006)
- Virtual Resort: Spring Break (2002)
- Warzone 2100 (1999)
- Way of the Samurai (2002)
- Who Wants to be a Millionaire? Junior Edition (2001)
See also 
- "Square Enix retires Eidos publishing label". 2009-07-08. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- "Corporate Information." Eidos Interactive. 11 February 1998. Retrieved on 30 January 2011. "Eidos Interactive UK Wimbledon Bridge House 1 Hartfield Road Wimbledon London SW19 3RU."
- "Worldwide Contacts." Eidos Interactive. 27 January 2005. Retrieved on 30 January 2011. "Eidos plc. Registered Office Wimbledon Bridge House 1 Hartfield Road Wimbledon London SW19 32RU ."
- gamesindustry.biz – Square Enix revamps Europe operation // News
- "Newcomer Eidos Perky in Early Trading on Hopes over Apple-Acorn Link". CBR. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "EIDOS PLC TO RETAIN CORE DESIGN STUDIO". tombraiderchronicles.com. 4 November 2003. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
- "Talks New Montreal Studio". Gamasutra.
- "Eidos resurrecting Deus Ex?". Gamespot.
- "SCi confirms approach has been made". GamesIndustry.biz.
- "Lara Croft firm scraps bid talks". BBC News. 11 January 2008. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
- Armitstead, Louise (13 January 2008). "Game Over for Tomb Raider boss". London: Times Online. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- "Eidos management quit due to pressure from shareholders". Thunderbolt Games.
- "SCi results reaction". MVC.
- "Eidos opens Shanghai base". MVC.
- "SCi Entertainment Group Plc – Change of Company Name to Eidos plc". SCi Entertainment Group PLC. 2008-12-02. Retrieved 2009-01-18.
- "Square Enix Trying To Buy Tombraider". Kotaku.
- "Eidos Pencils In Square Enix Takeover For May". Kotaku.
- Square Enix Lets Eidos Be Eidos – Eidos – Kotaku