Eight O'Clock Coffee
|Owner||Tata Global Beverages (The Eight O'Clock Coffee Company)|
|Previous owners||The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company (1859–2003)|
Eight O'Clock Coffee is the brand line of coffee products currently manufactured by the Eight O'Clock Coffee Company, a subsidiary of Tata Global Beverages, which is headquartered in Montvale, New Jersey with its coffee production plant located in Landover, Maryland. Tata Global Beverages has owned Eight O'Clock Coffee since 2006.
Eight O'Clock Coffee was created by The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company in 1859, which is also that company's founding year. Despite selling off the brand in 2003, A&P continues to sell Eight O'Clock Coffee today throughout its own family of stores. Eight O'Clock is also sold in other supermarkets across the country.
A&P was established as "Gilman & Company" in 1859, and began selling bags of whole bean coffee on their own. Their coffee, however, wasn't given a true official name at that time, being sometimes called "Eight O'Clock Breakfast Coffee" at the start.
In 1919, in contrast with the introduction of two other coffee lines, Bokar and Red Circle, the coffee was finally given its official name; A&P supposedly conducted a survey asking people what time of day they drank coffee most. The majority of those surveyed reported that they typically drank coffee at 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. A&P then went ahead and took out the word "Breakfast" from the name, rebranding its signature coffee as simply "Eight O'Clock". 
In the 1930s, Eight O'Clock coffee had gained over a quarter of the U.S. market share. By 1930, it was the most popular brand of coffee in the United States.
A&P, however, began to decline in the 1950s, closing stores and leaving some mass U.S. markets in the process. In 1979, the company licensed its branding division, Compass Foods, Inc., to sell Eight O'Clock Coffee to other retailers including competing supermarket chains; among them is Pathmark, a supermarket that broke away from the ShopRite retailers' cooperative in the 1960's, which A&P acquired in 2007.
In 2003, A&P spun off the Eight O'Clock Coffee brand to Gryphon Investors, a private equity firm based in San Francisco, California, which used the brand to create the Eight O'Clock Coffee Company. A few weeks later, Eight O'Clock's ground coffee line was introduced. Gryphon Investors would soon turn around and sell Eight O'Clock Coffee Company to Tata Global Beverages in 2006.
On August 8, 2013, the entire Eight O'Clock Coffee line was revamped with new packaging and brand new flavors.
Until 2003, Eight O'Clock Coffee only came in original whole bean. Packaged in an all-red bag, the coffee can be completely custom grounded to the customer's order; this trend continues today, only at A&P-owned stores and some competing supermarkets, although customers who have their own grinders in homes can grind the coffee themselves.
The 2003 Lineup
From 2003, up until August 8, 2013, Eight O'Clock Coffee was available in 11 flavors, all in 11-to-42-ounce (310 to 1,190 g) bags, both whole bean and ground. Originally in all-color bags, its packaging was changed in 2010 to white bags with color coding.
The 2003 coffee line, which was refreshed in 2010, was as follows:
- Decaf Original
- 100% Colombian
- Decaf 100% Colombian
- Bokar (Discontinued in 2012)
- French Roast
- Dark Italian Roast
- 50% Decaf
- French Vanilla
The 2013 Lineup
The current flavor line up, which was introduced on August 8, 2013, and split up into three "categories", is as follows:
- The Original – Whole Bean, Ground and K-Cup
- Dark Italian Espresso – Ground
- Dark Italian Roast – Whole Bean and K-Cup
- French Roast – Whole Bean and Ground
- The Original Decaf – Whole Bean, Ground and K-Cup
- 50% Decaf – Whole Bean and Ground
- Colombian Peaks – Whole Bean, Ground and K-Cup
- Central Highlands – Whole Bean
- African Plains – Ground
- Hazelnut – Whole Bean, Ground and K-Cup
- French Vanilla – Whole Bean and Ground
- Caramel Macchiato – Ground
- Chocolate Mint – Ground
- Dark Chocolate Cherry (Seasonal) – Ground
- Cinnamon Bun (Seasonal) – Ground
All 2013 flavors are packaged in identical red bags, which made a throwback to Eight O'Clock's pre-2003 years.
- "Eight O'Clock Coffee". Eightoclock.com. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- Advertising & Selling, volume 25; 1935
- "Tatas buy Eight O'Clock Coffee". economictimes.com. 2006-06-26. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
- Nicholson, Marcy (2009-02-02). "Eight O'Clock coffee "best buy" -Consumer Reports". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2011-10-24.