Eighth grade is the term used for the a year of education in the US and elsewhere. Students are usually 13 – 14 years old at the time they enter eighth grade. The eighth grade is typically the final grade before high school, and the ninth grade of public and private education, following kindergarten and subsequent grades. Similar terms, for example Grade 8, are used in other countries (see below).
Eighth grade is usually the third of three grades or the second of two grades of middle school, or the second of three grades or first of two grades in junior high school, although some systems mark it as the final year of elementary school and some as the second year of high school (in Quebec or parts of Australia for example). In countries like India and Pakistan, Grade 8 is commonly known as Class 8.
- In Nigeria Grade 8 is the last year of Junior high, as there are no Middle Schools in the Nigerian education system, it is also the first year after Primary School. Pupils (called learners by the Department of Education) are between the ages of 13 and 14.
- In Somalia, Children are aged 12–14. The eighth grade is typically the final grade before high school.
- In South Africa, Grade 8 is the first year of High School.
In India, 8th grade is the last grade before High School. 8th grade exam is usually conducted by the state boards or the central boards of education in India. In India, 8th class education falls under the middle education system.
In Pakistan, grade 8 is one of the years in middle school. Students in this class are thirteen to fourteen years old. 8th grade exams are conducted and managed by the boards of education in Pakistan.
In the Philippines, Grade 8 is formerly called 2nd Year High School since school year 2013-2014.
In Singapore, it is equivalent to Secondary 2. It is the second year of Secondary school, which has 4 to 5 years - depending on which system a student is in- in total. In Malaysia, 8th grade also known as form 2 in the secondary school. The students at this stage are 14 years old. It is the second year in the secondary school.
- In Spain, eighth grade is equivalent to the segundo curso de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria or ESO.
- In France, eighth grade is equivalent to the third year of collège, the Quatrième or '4ème'.
- In Germany, eighth grade is called 8. Klasse.
- In Poland, eighth grade is equivalent to the second year of junior high school (gimnazjum). Children there are aged 14-15.
- In Hungary, eighth grade is called 8. osztály, commonly the last year of elementary school. Other systems to group the grades are also present: for example, six years of elementary school then six years of high school; or four years of elementary then eight years of high school.
- In Finland, children aged 14-15 are usually in 8th grade
- In Ireland, eighth grade is equivalent is 2nd year or dara bhliain of secondary school.
- In Italy, eighth grade is the final year of middle school. It is equivalent to what is colloquially referred to as terza media or terzo anno delle scuole medie (officially Scuola secondaria di primo grado).
- In Latvia, eighth grade is called 8.Klase and is the last year of elementary school. Children are aged 14–15.
- In the Netherlands, Groep 8 (literally means "group 8") is the final year of primary school. Children are aged 11–12. Intermediate/Middle/Junior High School is again entered in "de eerste klas" (1e klas). Eighth grade there is called de tweede klas (for 13–14 years olds) which literally means "the second class/year (in middle school)"".
- In the United Kingdom:
- In the English and Welsh school systems, eighth grade is equivalent to Year 9 (Form 3). These children are aged 13–14.
- In Scotland eighth grade is equivalent to S2, where 'S' represents Secondary, or 2nd year. As a reminder in Scotland students start primary education at an age of 4-5 and then move to high school when 11-12
- In Northern Ireland, children aged 13–14 are in year 10 or 3rd year (secondary school).
- In Belize, Std. 6 is the last year in elementary school.
- In Mexico, eighth grade is equivalent to the second year of middle school for those who are aged 13–14.
Canada and the United States
In the U.S, Eighth Grade is most commonly thought to be a child's eighth year of education. However, for some, 8th Grade may be thought of as a child's 9th, 10th, or, possibly, 11th year of education. Though this depends upon whether or not the child attended Kindergarten and Preschool, and for how many years they attended Preschool (usually, a child attends Preschool for one year, but two years is somewhat common as well). Yet, most disagree to this due to the fact that Preschool and Kindergarten are considered to be years of preparation, rather than actual education. In some parts of Canada (such as Newfoundland), and much of British Columbia, 8th grade is the first year of high school, or secondary school.
The eighth grade mathematics curriculum in Canada and the United States usually includes either Pre-algebra or Algebra I. Occasionally, Geometry, or Algebra II are also taught in very advanced schools. In some schools, especially the ones that are witnessing the required Basic Standards Test, basic everyday "real world" mathematical skills such as check writing, money management, and geometry are taught as well.
In cultural and language curriculum, many students may opt to take a foreign language course, either for a semester or the full school year.
In the United States, U.S. history is often the primary focus in eighth grade social studies.
In most states in Australia, eighth grade is the equivalent of Year 8, which is the second year of high school. In Queensland and Western Australia, Year 8 is the first year of high school.
In New Zealand, eighth grade is equivalent to Year 9 (formerly Form 3); for the majority of students, this is the first year of secondary school. Other systems to group the grades are also present: some students enter into an intermediate secondary school earlier than this, at Year 7; others stay in the same school for their entire education, as in composite or area schools.
- In Brazil the minimum age required for eighth grade was recently changed from 12 to 13 years old.
- In Chile, eighth grade is equivalent to 8° Básico the last year of Enseñanza básica for those who are aged 13–14.