Eihō-ji was established in 1313 by the Nanzen-ji branch of Rinzai Zen Buddhism. The temple grounds are home to a number of zazen trainees, and the temple holds regular zazen sessions open to the general public. In addition to two buildings listed as National Treasures, the grounds include a pond, bridge and waterfall, and a traditional Zen garden.
On September 10, 2003, one of the main living quarters was destroyed by a fire. After a fundraising campaign run by the residents of Tajimi, the restoration was completed on August 29, 2007.