Eilean Mhealasta

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Eilean Mhealasta
Location
Eilean Mhealasta is located in Outer Hebrides
Eilean Mhealasta
Eilean Mhealasta
Eilean Mhealasta shown within the Outer Hebrides
OS grid reference NB382099
Names
Gaelic name Eilean Mhealasta
Norse name muli-stoair
Meaning of name promontory farm
Area and summit
Area 124 ha
Area rank 135[1]
Highest elevation Cnoc Àrd 77 m
Population
Population 0
Groupings
Island group Lewis and Harris
Local Authority Na h-Eileanan Siar
Flag of Scotland.svg Lymphad3.svg
References [2][3][4]

Eilean Mhealasta (Mealista Island) is an uninhabited island off the west coast of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland. It takes its name from Mealista, a nearby township on Lewis.

History[edit]

Nearby Mealista had a shrine to St Catan, but it is not known if the island itself had a Culdee settlement.

The ruins of old buildings of a previous community can still be seen. In 1823 the island was incorporated into a sheep farm. Thereafter no permanent inhabitants were recorded. A folk myth says that anyone born on Eilean Mhealasta will grow up to be an idiot. Haswell-Smith suggests that the landlords started this rumour to encourage residents to leave. In the 1861 census, it was recorded that some sailors from Rosehearty were camping there.

In about 1785 a boat from Mealista carrying a cargo of timber took shelter from a gale at the southernmost point of the Pairc. Nothing more was heard of the crew and on Mealista they were given up as lost at sea. During the following summer, blankets were offered for sale at the annual market day at Stornoway. The blankets were recognised by an unusual identification mark and a confession of murder for the cargo of timber followed.[5]

The island is still used as sheep grazing.[4]

Geography and geology[edit]

Eilean Mhealasta lies ½ mile from the west coast of Lewis, 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Brenish (Breanais) and several miles north of Scarp. It is just over a kilometre long, and indented with a bay, Camas Leirageo in the west, which contains, Sgeir na Geòdha Ruaidh. The east coast has a clean sandy beach, while the west coast is rocky.[4]

The island is a bedrock of gneiss, some of which contains a reddish quartz.[4] There are natural arches on the east coast.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  2. ^ 2001 UK Census per List of islands of Scotland
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey
  4. ^ a b c d Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. 
  5. ^ "Driftwood and 'The Park Murder'". Lochs Community. Retrieved 2007-12-15. [dead link]

Coordinates: 58°5′N 7°8′W / 58.083°N 7.133°W / 58.083; -7.133