Eilon

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Eilon
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • official Elon
אילון.JPG
Eilon is located in Israel
Eilon
Eilon
Coordinates: 33°3′48.96″N 35°13′13.8″E / 33.0636000°N 35.220500°E / 33.0636000; 35.220500Coordinates: 33°3′48.96″N 35°13′13.8″E / 33.0636000°N 35.220500°E / 33.0636000; 35.220500
Council Mateh Asher
Region Western Galilee
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1938
Founded by Immigrants from Poland
Population (2012) 943[1]

Eilon (Hebrew: אֵילוֹן) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located a mile south of Lebanese border and six miles east of the Mediterranean coast, the kibbutz sits on a ridge between two streams, Nahal Betzet and Nahal Kziv and falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Asher Regional Council. In 2012 it had a population of around 943.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name Eilon is derived from Elah (terebinth) and Alon (oak), two tree species abundant in this heavily forested area of northern Israel, though specifically referred to the "remnants of ancient trees in the vicinity."[2]

History[edit]

Eilon around 1940

The kibbutz was established on 400 dunams of land in Khirbet Samak, purchased in 1938 by the Jewish National Fund.[3] It was settled that year by a group of Polish immigrants and Palestinian Jews.[2] The inhabitants found themselves under constant fire in the wake of the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine.[2] Eilon was one of the early tower and stockade settlements. Calm was achieved after the Galilee was cleared of Lebanese troops and Kaukji's bands in November 1948.[2]

In 1947, the kibbutz had a population of 350, successfully reclaiming rocky land that had been designated by the British Mandatory government as uncultivable. The kibbutz was initially affiliated with Hashomer Hatzair.[2]

Economy[edit]

The silo tower in Eilon nowadays hosts the management office of musical centre Keshet Eilon

Eilon derives its income from agriculture (bananas, avocado, exotic fruit, cotton); industry (Eshet Eilon manufactures agri-industrial systems to sort vegetables and fruit; Eilon Mosaic manufactures decorative mosaic); and tourism (Keshet Eilon Country Lodging is a guesthouse). A world-renowned violin master course called Keshet Eilon takes place annually in Eilon. Under the musical directorship of Itzhak Rashkovsky, fifty young violinists from around the world spend each summer receiving extensive violin instruction and performing concerts.

Volunteers[edit]

Eilon accepts a number of International Volunteers that in return for lodgings, meals and laundry, work in a variety of locations on the kibbutz. One of the highlights of being a volunteer is the Vollies (Volunteers) Bar, which is situated close to the volunteers quarters.

References[edit]

Media related to Eilon at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ a b "Locality File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. p. 33. 
  3. ^ More Derech trip report