Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum lebend weiß, BWV 134

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Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum lebend weiß
BWV 134
Church cantata by J. S. Bach
Thomaskirche Interior.jpg
Thomaskirche, Leipzig
Related based on BWV 134a
Occasion Third day of Easter
Performed 11 April 1724 (1724-04-11) – Leipzig
Movements 6
Cantata text anonymous
Vocal
  • SATB choir
  • solo: alto and tenor
Instrumental
  • 2 oboes
  • 2 violins
  • viola
  • continuo

Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum lebend weiß (A heart that knows its Jesus is living), [1] BWV 134, is a church cantata for Easter by Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach composed the cantata for the third day of Easter in Leipzig and first performed it on 11 April 1724. He based it on his congratulatory cantata Die Zeit, die Tag und Jahre macht, BWV 134a, first performed in Köthen on 1 January 1719.

History and words[edit]

The cantata is Bach's second composition for Easter in Leipzig. On Easter Sunday of 1724, he had performed Christ lag in Todes Banden, BWV 4, from his time in Mühlhausen. On the second day of Easter, Erfreut euch, ihr Herzen, BWV 66, which he had derived from the secular serenata Der Himmel dacht auf Anhalts Ruhm und Glück, BWV 66a, composed in Köthen in 1718. In a similar way, he arranged a cantata for the New Year's Day of 1719 in Köthen, Die Zeit, die Tag und Jahre macht, BWV 134a, for the third day of Easter.

The prescribed readings for the feast day were from the Acts of the Apostles, the sermon of Paul in Antioch (Acts 13:26–33), and from the Gospel of Luke, the appearance of Jesus to the Apostles in Jerusalem (Luke 24:36–47).[2] The unknown poet adapted the dialogues of the secular work of two allegorical figures, Time and Divine Providence, originally written by Christian Friedrich Hunold, one of the notable novelists of his time. In this cantata the poet kept the order of the movements, dropping movements 5 and 6 of the early work. He kept the final chorus as a conclusion, unlike Erfreut euch, ihr Herzen, where it had been moved to the opening and replaced by a chorale. Bach simply wrote the new text below the former text in his score.[3]

Bach composed three new recitatives for a second version[4] and first performed it on 27 March 1731. Bach revised the whole cantata, writing a new score with detailed improvements, possibly first performed on 12 April 1735.[5]

Scoring and structure[edit]

The cantata in six movements is scored for alto and tenor soloists, a four-part choir, two oboes, two violins, viola, and basso continuo.[2]

  1. Recitative (alto, tenor): Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum lebend weiß
  2. Aria (tenor): Auf, Gläubige, singet die lieblichen Lieder
  3. Recitative (alto, tenor): Wohl dir, Gott hat an dich gedacht
  4. Aria (alto, tenor): Wir danken und preisen dein brünstiges Lieben
  5. Recitative (alto, tenor): Doch würke selbst den Dank in unserm Munde
  6. Chorus: Erschallet, ihr Himmel, erfreuet dich, Erde

Selected recordings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dellal, Pamela. "BWV 134 – Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum lebend weiß". Emmanuel Music. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Dürr, Alfred (1981). Die Kantaten von Johann Sebastian Bach (in German) 1 (4 ed.). Deutscher Taschenbuchverlag. pp. 244–246. ISBN 3-423-04080-7. 
  3. ^ Leonard, James (2011). "Cantata No. 134, "Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum lebend weiss," BWV 134". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Mincham, Julian (2010). "Chapter 49 BWV 134 Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum". The Cantatas of Johann Sebastian Bach. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Bach, Peter (2011). "Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum lebend weiß". Bach.de (in German). Retrieved 20 April 2011. 

Sources[edit]