Ein Qiniya

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Not to be confused with Ein Qiniyye.
Ein Qiniya
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic عين قينيا
 • Also spelled Ayn Kiniya (official)
Ein Qinya (unofficial)
Ein Qiniya in May 2007
Ein Qiniya in May 2007
Ein Qiniya is located in the Palestinian territories
Ein Qiniya
Ein Qiniya
Location of Ein Qiniya within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°55′37″N 35°08′56″E / 31.927°N 35.149°E / 31.927; 35.149Coordinates: 31°55′37″N 35°08′56″E / 31.927°N 35.149°E / 31.927; 35.149
Palestine grid 164/148
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Local Development Committee
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 817
Name meaning The crimson spring[1]

Ein Qiniya or 'Ayn Kiniya (Arabic: عين قينيا‎) is a Palestinian village in the northern West Bank, located 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) northwest of Ramallah and is a part of the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate. Ein Qiniya has existed since the Roman-era of rule in Palestine.[2] The village is very small with no public structures or institutions and is governed by a local development committee. Ein Qiniya is regionally notable for being a spring and autumn time picnic resort.[2]

There is an annual walk on March 4 from Ramallah to Ein Qiniyya in celebration of the spring.[3]

History[edit]

A Middle Bronze Age tomb was discovered here in 1934.[4] Potsherds from the Hellenistic and Umayyad/Abbasid period have been found.[4]

Ein Qiniya has traditionally been identified with Ainqune of the Crusader era, one of the fiefs given by King Godfrey to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.[5][6] However, Finkelstein writes that this identification should be reconsidered.[7] Potsherds from the Mamluk era have also been found here.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as Ayn Qinya, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Quds of the Liwa of Al-Quds. The population was 32 households, all Muslim. They paid a tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, which included wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, vineyards and fruit trees, occasional revenues, goats and beehives; a total of 4760 Akçe.[8][9]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Ain Kanieh as "a village of moderate size on a ridge".[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

In 1917, most of the village's inhabitants were evacuated by British Mandate troops for suspicion that residents killed a British officer and relocated to Beitunia and Yalo.[2] In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, 'Ain Qinia had a population of 56, all Muslims.[11] This had increased in the 1931 census to 83, still all Muslims, in a total of 26 houses.[12]

In 1945 the population was 100, all Arabs, while the total land area was 2,494 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 1,276 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 569 for cereals,[14] while 19 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[15]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Ein Qiniya came under Jordanian rule.

1967 and after[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967 Ein Qiniya has been under Israeli occupation.

In 1982 residents numbered 101, then after a mass migration of other Palestinians to the Ein Qiniya, the population rose to 464 in 1984.[16] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, in 2006 it had a population of 807.[17] In the 2007 PCBS census, there were 817 people living in the village.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 222
  2. ^ a b c Ein Qinya (The Spring of Qinya) - Ramallah Jerusalem Media and Communications Centre.
  3. ^ Events Calendar Jerusalem Post.
  4. ^ a b c Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 337
  5. ^ de Roziére, 1849, p. 100
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 11
  7. ^ Röhricht, 1887, p. 204; Röhricht, 1893, RRH, p. 50, No 200; both cited by Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 337
  8. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 118
  9. ^ Toledano, 1984, p. 289, has 'Ain Qinya located at 35°08′35″E 31°55′35″N
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 295
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 49
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162
  16. ^ Welcome to 'Ayn Kiniya
  17. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Ramallah & Al Bireh Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
  18. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.114.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]