Ein Zeitim was founded by members of the Dorshei Zion (Seekers of Zion) society, a Zionist pioneer group from Minsk. Despite strong opposition by the Turkish government, the settlers managed to establish farms with olive groves, orchards and dairy and poultry.
In 1891 some speculators bought 430 hectares of land about 3 km north of Safed, and sold it to a party of laborers. Unable to work the land properly, the new owners transferred it to Baron de Rothschild, with whose assistance 750,000 vines and many fruit-trees were planted in the course of six or seven years, and during this time a number of houses were built. The population in 1898 was 51.
The village was abandoned during the 1914–1918 war and only a handful of residents returned at the end of the war. The 1922 census of Palestine recorded a population of 30 Jews and 7 Muslims. During the 1929 Palestine riots, three residents were killed and the remainder left. Six Muslims and one Jew were recorded there in 1931, living in four houses. An attempt to revive the village in 1933 failed. In 1946 the village was reestablished after the Jewish National Fund acquired the land. It had a population of 100 in 1947.
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- Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. pp. 40–41.
- Alex Carmel, Peter Schafer, Yossi Ben-Artzi (1990). The Jewish Settlement in Palestine, 634-1881. Wiesbaden : Reichert. p. 94.; for location, "Safad 1:100000" map by Dept. of Lands & Surveys, 1935.
- Herman Rosenthal (1901), "Agricultural Colonies in Palestine", Jewish Encyclopedia, Vol. 1 
- "Three new villages in N. Palestine". Palestine Post. January 18, 1946. p. 1.
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- E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 106.
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- Fred Skolnik; Michael Berenbaum (2007). Encyclopaedia Judaica. Macmillan Reference USA in association with the Keter Pub. House. ISBN 978-0-02-865943-5. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- J. Bowyer Bell (1969). The long war: Israel and the Arabs since 1946. Prentice-Hall. Retrieved 16 May 2011.