|• Also spelled||Ainabus (official)
|• Type||Village council (from 1996)|
|• Head of Municipality||Nafez Rashdan|
|• Jurisdiction||4,011 dunams (4.0 km2 or 1.5 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||"The spring of Abus"|
Einabus (Arabic: عينابوس) is a Palestinian village in the northern West Bank, located 12 kilometers (7 miles) south of Nablus and a part of the Nablus Governorate. Nearby towns include Huwara and Beita to the east and Jammain to the south.
Settlement at Einabus' site dates back to the Jebusite era, however the village's inhabitants are descended Arab tribes that migrated to the area during the Rashidun rule of Palestine. The village's old mosque was built during that time and is dedicated to Umar ibn al-Khattab. Until today, olives and figs remain primary sources of income for the residents of Einabus.
The old mosque, Jama al-Arbain, was inspected in 1928 and 1942, and on a column was found inscribed the name Abdallah and the date 625 (=1227-1228 CE).
The village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 49 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, olives, and goats or beehives.
In June, 1870, French explorer Victor Guérin found the village to have a spring (after which it was named), and having about 400 inhabitants. Below the village was a valley of olive-trees. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village (called Ain Abus) as "a small village conspicuous on a low spur of the mountain, with a spring to the west and olives to the south."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, 'Ainabus had a population of 227 inhabitants, all Muslims, while in the 1931 census, 'Einabus had 62 occupied houses and a population of 244, again all Muslim.
In 1945 the population was 340, all Arabs, with 4,011 dunams (991 acres; 4.011 km2) of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 539 dunams (133 acres; 0.539 km2) were for plantations or irrigated land, 2,107 for cereals, while 29 dunams were built-up land.
There are two girls' secondary schools and one for boys. A charity center founded in 1984 contains a kindergarten, a training center for weaving and helps college-bound students that are financially unable to enter college to attend. In addition to the old mosque, Einabus has two modern mosques.
Einabus is governed by a village council of 7 elected members including the chairman or mayor. In 2005, Nafez Rashdan was elected mayor of Einabus.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 221
- About Einabus Einabus Village Council.
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 804
- Sharon, 2004, p. 154
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 130
- Guérin, 1875, p. 177
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 283
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 25
- Mills, 1931, p. 61
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 59
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 106.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 156.
- 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.110.
- Einabus Council Members Einabus Village Council.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838 2. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. (p. 93)
- Sharon, Moshe (2004). Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum Palaestinae, D-F 3. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-13197-3.
- Welcome To 'Aynabus
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Einabus (areal photo)
- Aggressions on Palestinians, their Properties and their Lands In 'Einabus village 22, December, 2009, ARIJ
- Continuous Colonists' Aggressions against Palestinian Lands and Belongings in 'Einabus Village 01, April, 2010, ARIJ
- Setting 150 Olive Trees Ablaze in 'Einabus – Nablus city 20, September, 2011, ARIJ
- West Bank outposts spreading into Area B, in violation of Oslo Accords, By Akiva Eldar, Haaretz, Feb.18, 2012
- Colonists of Yizhar Set a Car Ablaze 18, May, 2012, ARIJ