Eismitte, in English also called Mid-Ice, was the site of an Arctic expedition in the interior of Greenland that took place from July 1930 through August 1931, and claimed the life of noted German scientist Alfred Wegener.
The name "Eismitte" means Ice-Center in German, and the campsite was located 402 kilometers (250 mi) from the coast at an estimated altitude of 3,000 meters (9,843 feet). The coldest temperature recorded during the expedition was −64.9 °C (−85 °F), while the warmest temperature noted was −2.8 °C (27 °F). For the 12-month period beginning September 1, 1930 and ending August 31, 1931, the warmest month, July, had a mean monthly temperature of −12.2 °C (10 °F), while the coldest month, February, averaged −47.2 °C (−53 °F). Over the same period a total of 110 millimeters (4.33 inches) of water-equivalent precipitation was recorded, with most of it, rather surprisingly, being received in winter. At the latitude of the camp, the sun does not set between May 13 and July 30 each year, and does not rise between November 23 and January 20.
Sorge pit 1930
Ernst Sorge was a member of the Alfred Wegener Expedition to Eismitte in central Greenland from July 1930 to August 1931. He hand-dug a 15 m deep pit adjacent to his beneath-the-surface snow cave, which served as his living quarters during his seven-month-long wintering-over stint. Sorge was the first to systematically and quantitatively study the near-surface snow/firn strata from inside his pit. After meticulous examination of the structural features and careful measurement of continuous density and other physical properties within the pit profile, Sorge determined the characteristics of the individual limits of annual snow accumulation. This research validated the feasibility of measuring the preserved annual snow accumulation cycles, like measuring frozen precipitation in a rain gauge.
- Hourly meteorological observations at station Eismitte by Johannes Georgi (doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.604003).
- Langway CC Jr. (Jan 2008). "The History of Early Polar Ice Cores".