Ejnar Hertzsprung

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Ejnar Hertzsprung
Born (1873-10-08)8 October 1873
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died 21 October 1967(1967-10-21) (aged 94)
Roskilde, Denmark
Nationality Danish
Fields Chemistry, Astronomy
Institutions Leiden Observatory
Alma mater Copenhagen Polytechnic
Known for Hertzsprung–Russell diagram
Notable awards Bruce Medal 1937

Ejnar Hertzsprung (Danish pronunciation: [ɑjnɐ ˈhæɐ̯d̥sb̥ʁɔŋ], 8 October 1873 – 21 October 1967) was a Danish chemist and astronomer.

Hertzsprung was born in Copenhagen. In the period 1911–1913, together with Henry Norris Russell, he developed the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram.

In 1913 he determined the distances to several Cepheid variable stars by statistical[clarification needed] parallax,[1] and was thus able to calibrate the relationship discovered by Henrietta Leavitt between Cepheid period and luminosity. In this determination he made a mistake, possibly a slip of the pen, putting the stars 10 times too close. He used this relationship to estimate the distance to the Small Magellanic Cloud.

From 1919 to 1946 Hertzsprung worked at Leiden Observatory in The Netherlands, from 1937 as director. Among his graduate students at Leiden was Gerard Kuiper. Perhaps his greatest contribution to astronomy was the development of a classification system for stars to divide them by spectral type, stage in their development, and luminosity. The so-called "Hertzsprung–Russell Diagram" has been used ever since as a classification system to explain stellar types and evolution.

He discovered two asteroids, one of which is the Amor asteroid 1627 Ivar.

His wife Henrietta (1881-1956) was a daughter of the Dutch astronomer Jacobus Kapteyn. Hertzsprung died in Roskilde in 1967.


Asteroids discovered[edit]

Honors[edit]

Awards

Named after him

Sources[edit]

  • Sky & Telescope, January, 1968, Sky Publishing Corporation, Cambridge

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hertzsprung, E., "Über die räumliche Verteilung der Veränderlichen vom δ Cephei-Typus." Astronomischen Nachrichten, 196 p. 201–210 (1913)

External links[edit]