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Ekadashi (Sanskrit: एकादशी, ekādaśī, "Eleven"), also spelled as Ekadasi, is the eleventh lunar day (Tithi) of the shukla (bright) or krishna (dark) paksha (fortnight) of every lunar month in the Hindu calendar (Panchang). In Hinduism and Jainism it is considered a spiritually beneficial day. Scriptures recommend observing an (ideally waterless) fast from sunrise on the day of Ekadashi to sunrise on the day following Ekadashi.
Two Ekadashis occur in one month according to positions of the moon. The progression of the moon from full moon to new moon is divided into fifteen equal arcs. Each arc measures one lunar day, called "tithi": The time it takes the moon to traverse that distance is the length of that lunar day. Ekadashi refers to the 11 tithi, or lunar day. The eleventh tithi therefore corresponds to a precise phase of the waxing and waning moon: In the bright half of the lunar month, the moon will appear roughly 3/4 full on Ekadashi, and in the dark half of the lunar month, the moon will be about 3/4 dark on Ekadashi.
List of Ekadashis
The table below describes the Ekadashis and when they fall in the year.
|Vedic (Lunar) and
|Presiding deity||Krishna paksha Ekadashi name||Shukla paksha Ekadashi name|
|Chaitra (चैत्र, April–May)||Vishnu||Papamochani Ekadashi||Kamada Ekadashi|
|Vaisakha (वैशाख, May–June )||Madhusudana||Varuthini Ekadashi||Mohini Ekadashi|
|Jyeshta (ज्येष्ठ, June–July)||Trivikrama||Apara Ekadashi||Nirjala Ekadashi|
|Ashaad (आषाढ, July–August)||Vaamana||Yogini Ekadashi||Shayani Ekadashi|
|Shraavana (श्रावण, August–September)||Sridhar||Kamika Ekadashi||Shravana Putrada Ekadashi|
|Hrisikesha||Ananda Ekadashi||Parsva Ekadashi|
|Ashvin (अश्विन्, October–November)||Padmanabha||Indira Ekadashi||Paashunkushaa Ekadashi|
|Kartik (कार्तिक, November–December)||Damodara||Rama Ekadashi||Prabodhini Ekadashi|
|Keshava||Utpanna Ekadashi||Mokshada Ekadashi|
|Pausha (पौष, January–February)||Naaraayana||Saphala Ekadashi||Pausha Putrada Ekadashi|
|Maagha (माघ, February–March)||Maadhava||Sat TilA Ekadashi||Bhaimi Ekadashi|
|Phalguna (फाल्गुन, March–April)||Govinda||Vaikunta Ekadashi||Amalaki Ekadashi|
(अधिक, once in 2–3 years)
|Purushottama||Parama Ekadashi||Padmini Visuddha EkAdasii|
Ekadashi is different for Sri Vaishnavites and Smarthas. Whether Ekadashi is today, yesterday or tomorrow is determined by a formula. According to KalaPrakashika, a Jyotish text discussing Muhurta, auspicious times for beginning an activity, the Ekadashi fast is performed on a day which is not touched by or ruined by any influence of the tenth tithi or lunar day. The cut off time is 96 minutes before sunrise. If the tenth day gets completed, at 96 minutes before sunrise, then that day is celebrated as Ekadashi. If the tenth day is not yet gets completed at 96 minutes before sunrise, but still continues to be Dashimi sometime during that day, then the Ekadashi fast is performed on the following day. (Rules need to be included here by a Panchang Karta from Dharma Sindhu and Nirnaya Sindhu.)
- Prasad (see for food which can/not be offered on Ekadashi)[clarification needed Link exact section]
- Vaikunta Ekadashi
- Guruvayur Ekadasi
- Shayani Ekadashi
Iyer, N.P. Subramania, Kalaprakasika: The standard book on the election (mahoortha) system: with original text in Devanagari and English translation, New Delhi: Asian Educational Services, 1982.
Gangadharan, N., Agni Purana, New Delhi: Motilala Banarsidass, 1985, Chapter 178.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (July 2010)|
- Ekadashi Dates & its Importance Stories(Mahaatmya)
- Ekadashi Vrat Kathas in Hindi at Indif.Com
- Ekadasi - background, references, etc. (Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition)
- Vedic Calendar Program (freeware) Calculates Ekadasis (and other dates) for any location in the world.