Ekaterina Svanidze

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Ekaterina Svanidze
Ekaterina Svanidze.jpg
Born (1885-04-02)2 April 1885
Tbilisi, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 5 December 1907(1907-12-05) (aged 22)
Tbilisi, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire
Spouse(s) Joseph Stalin
Children Yakov Dzhugashvili
Parents Semon Svanadze
Sephora Dvali

Ekaterina "Kato" Svanidze (Georgian: ეკატერინე "კატო" სვანიძე; Russian: Екатери́на "Като́" Семёновна Свани́дзе; April 2, 1885 – December 5, 1907) was the Georgian first wife of Joseph Stalin. They were married in 1906.

Early life[edit]

Svanidze was a daughter of Semon Svanadze and Sephora (née Dvali). Ekaterina, nicknamed Kato, was a tailor who worked for the women of the Russian army [1]

She had two sisters, Alexandra (nicknamed "Sashiko") and Maria ("Mariko"). She had at least one brother, but some sources claim she had more than one. Her only known brother was Alexander Svanidze. Alexander Svanidze was married to Maria Korona, a singer at the Tiflis Opera.

Personal life[edit]

Kato Svanidze married Joseph Stalin in St. David's church at Tiflis in 1906. They had a son, Yakov Dzhugashvili. She died of Tuberculosis in 1907. Much of her family (including her sister Mariko and brother Alexander) would later be executed during her husband's Great Terror.

Stalin would later state that, other than his mother, she may have been the only person he truly loved.[citation needed] At her funeral, he said, "This creature softened my heart of stone. She died and with her died my last warm feelings for humanity."[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ekaterina Svanidze" at Academic.ru
  2. ^ Sebag-Montefiore, Simon. "Young Stalin". Knopf, 2007, pg 193.

Further reading[edit]