Eklutna, Anchorage

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The Russian Orthodox Eklutna Cemetery

Eklutna /ɛˈkltnə/ is a native village within the Municipality of Anchorage in the U.S. state of Alaska. The Tribal Council estimates the population at 70; many tribal members live in the surrounding communities.

Eklutna lies 24 miles northeast of Anchorage near the intersection of Mi. 142 of the Alaska Railroad and the Mile 26 of the Glenn Highway two miles from the mouth of the Eklutna River at the head of the Knik Arm of Cook Inlet, at 61°27′30″N 149°21′44″W / 61.45833°N 149.36222°W / 61.45833; -149.36222 in the Anchorage Recording District.

The Dena'ina Athabascan village of Eklutna is the last of eight villages that existed before construction of the Alaska Railroad brought an influx of American colonists around 1915. First settled more than 800 years ago, it is the oldest inhabited location in the Anchorage area. Its Dena'ina name is Idlughet[pronunciation?] ("by the objects", referring to two nearby hills); the name "Eklutna" derives from Idluytnu[pronunciation?], the name for Eklutna River, meaning "(plural) objects river".

Russian Orthodox missionaries arrived in the 1840s. The melding of Orthodox Christianity and native practices resulted in the brightly colored spirit houses which can be seen at the Eklutna Cemetery, in use since 1650 and now a historical park. The cemetery is probably the most photographed graveyard in Alaska, overshadowing other features of the village.

An Alaska Railroad siding and station house were built near the village Eklutna in 1918. The federal government operated a boarding school for native children near the village before WWII. The U.S. Army established a facility nearby in the mid-20th century; it is now gone.

Eklutna Spirit Houses

Virtually all residents of the Eklutna Village are either Alaska Native or part Native; most are members of the federally recognized Native Village of Eklutna. For employment, most Tribal Members commute to work in Anchorage, nearby Eagle River, or the Matanuska-Susitna Valley.

Population of Eklutna before absorption
Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 158
1940 159 0.6%
1950 53 −66.7%
1960 50 −5.7%
1970 25 −50.0%
source:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census Of Population And Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 61°27′29″N 149°21′44″W / 61.4580556°N 149.3622222°W / 61.4580556; -149.3622222