El Bolsón, Río Negro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
El Bolsón
Town
El Bolsón is located in Argentina
El Bolsón
El Bolsón
Location of El Bolsón in Argentina
Coordinates: 41°58′S 71°32′W / 41.967°S 71.533°W / -41.967; -71.533Coordinates: 41°58′S 71°32′W / 41.967°S 71.533°W / -41.967; -71.533
Country Argentina
Province Rio Negro
Department Bariloche
Elevation 422 m (1,385 ft)
Population
 • Total 13 560
Demonym bolsonense
Time zone ART (UTC-3)
CPA base U8430
Dialing code +54 2944
Sculpture in a downtown El Bolsón park.

El Bolsón is a town situated in the southwest of Río Negro Province, Argentina, at the foot of the Piltriquitron Mountain. Due to a series of valleys through the mountains of Chile to the Pacific Ocean, El Bolsón has an unusually mild climate for its southern location.

El Bolsón area's first non-indigenous inhabitants were German immigrants that arrived to the valley from Chile as an offshoot of the colonisation of Llanquihue. In the 1970s hippies from Buenos Aires migrated to El Bolsón; some of them practised horticulture and made handcrafts.

El Bolsón has a tourism economy based in their outdoor artisan market, fly fishing, trekking, rafting, climbing, and other outdoor activities in the surrounding lakes and mountains. The nature tourism offers are complemented with the production of cheeses, smoked trout, special brew beer, regional chocolates and ice cream, as well as its organic & wild crafted jams and preserves, particularly elderberries, amongst others.

North of El Bolsón, the Rio Azul Natural Protected Area forms a part of the world's largest UNESCO Temperate Forest Biosphere Reserve. Tourists have access to trails throughout the mountains linking refugios.

Climate[edit]

El Bolson has a cool Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb) owing to its rain shadow location. Winters are cold with a July mean of 3.5 °C (38.3 °F) with nighttime temperatures regularly falling below 0 °C (32.0 °F).[1] During cold waves, temperatures can occasionally fall below −10 °C (14.0 °F).[2] During the winter months, precipitation is abundant and frequently occurs (often rainfall and occasionally snowfalls), resulting in most days being overcast, averaging 16-17 overcast days from June to August.[3] Spring and fall are transition seasons featuring mild daytime temperatures and cold nighttime temperatures.[1] Summers are mild and sunnier with warm temperatures during the day, averaging 24.1 °C (75.4 °F) in January and cool nights, averaging 7.4 °C (45.3 °F).[1][2][3] Frosts can even occur during the summer months.[1][2][3] Owing to its location in a valley, wind speeds are lower rainging from a low of 4 kilometres per hour (2.5 mph) in May and June to a high of 9 kilometres per hour (5.6 mph) in January.[1]

Climate data for El Bolsón, Río Negro (1941–1978)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.6
(96.1)
37.3
(99.1)
33.5
(92.3)
26.0
(78.8)
24.2
(75.6)
20.8
(69.4)
18.5
(65.3)
20.2
(68.4)
23.9
(75)
32.1
(89.8)
31.4
(88.5)
35.1
(95.2)
37.3
(99.1)
Average high °C (°F) 24.1
(75.4)
24.0
(75.2)
21.7
(71.1)
16.9
(62.4)
12.3
(54.1)
8.7
(47.7)
8.4
(47.1)
10.4
(50.7)
13.4
(56.1)
17.3
(63.1)
20.6
(69.1)
22.7
(72.9)
16.7
(62.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
15.2
(59.4)
12.6
(54.7)
9.1
(48.4)
6.6
(43.9)
3.8
(38.8)
3.5
(38.3)
4.7
(40.5)
6.9
(44.4)
10.0
(50)
13.1
(55.6)
15.1
(59.2)
9.7
(49.5)
Average low °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
6.7
(44.1)
5.1
(41.2)
2.7
(36.9)
1.8
(35.2)
0.2
(32.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.5
(34.7)
2.7
(36.9)
4.8
(40.6)
6.3
(43.3)
3.2
(37.8)
Record low °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−1.8
(28.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−10.5
(13.1)
−11.7
(10.9)
−10.3
(13.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
−11.7
(10.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 30.1
(1.185)
28.3
(1.114)
39.3
(1.547)
68.3
(2.689)
138.0
(5.433)
151.0
(5.945)
171.5
(6.752)
118.2
(4.654)
63.1
(2.484)
38.0
(1.496)
31.8
(1.252)
45.3
(1.783)
922.9
(36.335)
Rainfall mm (inches) 30.1
(1.185)
28.3
(1.114)
38.2
(1.504)
68.3
(2.689)
136.4
(5.37)
143.3
(5.642)
161.3
(6.35)
115.4
(4.543)
62.4
(2.457)
37.8
(1.488)
31.8
(1.252)
45.3
(1.783)
898.6
(35.378)
Snowfall cm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.1
(0.43)
0.0
(0)
1.6
(0.63)
7.7
(3.03)
10.2
(4.02)
2.8
(1.1)
0.7
(0.28)
0.2
(0.08)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
24.3
(9.57)
Avg. rainy days 6.0 4.5 6.5 10.5 13.5 14.5 15.5 14.5 11.0 8.5 6.5 7.5 119.0
 % humidity 61.5 65.8 72.3 78.5 85.0 86.8 86.0 81.0 75.0 68.5 63.8 61.3 73.8
Source #1: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria[2]
Source #2: Secretaria de Mineria (humidity 1941–1980)[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1971-1980)" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d Bustos, José; Rocchi, Victor. "Caracterizacíon Termopluviométrica de Algunas Estaciones Meteorológicas de Rio Negro Y Neuquén" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. p. 12. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Provincia de Rio Negro − Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Retrieved June 27, 2014. 

External links[edit]