El Correo

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El Correo
Type Daily newspaper
Format Tabloid
Owner(s) Grupo Vocento
Editor Ángel Arnedo
Founded May 1, 1910, as El Pueblo Vasco
Language Spanish
Headquarters Calle Pintor Losada 7, Bilbao 48004, Spain
Circulation 99,277 daily in 2011[1]
Official website elcorreodigital.com

El Correo (Spanish for "The Courier") is the leading daily newspaper in Bilbao and the Basque Country of northern Spain. Its daily circulation, at nearly 100,000, is the seventh-highest among general interest newspapers in Spain.[1]

History[edit]

The brothers Ybarra y de la Revilla – Fernando, Gabriel and Emilio – founded El Pueblo Vasco ("The Basque People") on May 1, 1910, with Juan de la Cruz as founding editor. The paper supported Vizcaya's young Conservative Party and its editorial line was clerical, Alfonsist monarchist, free press and Basque regional autonomist. The paper's chief competitor in Bilbao was La Gaceta del Norte.

Due to these conservative stances, El Pueblo Vasco was shut down by the Spanish Republic government on July 17, 1936, just before the Spanish Civil War. It was almost a year later, July 6, 1937, when the paper published again, after the fall of Bilbao; it was joined on newsstands by El Correo Español, the official newspaper of the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las JONS, the Spanish fascist party, using the seized presses of the Basque nationalist daily Euzkadi[citation needed].

By order of dictator Francisco Franco's government on April 13, 1938, the two papers combined as El Correo Español-El Pueblo Vasco, owned by El Pueblo Vasco S.A. but controlled by the Falange. During the first 15 years of Franco's regime, El Correo acquired its competitors El Noticiero Bilbaíno (1939) and El Diario Vasco (1945). Upon this last purchase, the company's name was changed to Bilbao Editorial S.A.

The year 1965 saw El Correo move to its current offices in Calle Pintor Losada, convert to tabloid format and increase the number of pages. In 1976, El Correo for the first time surpassed La Gaceta del Norte in sales, becoming the best-selling newspaper in northern Spain.

Also around this time, publisher Javier de Ybarra y Bergé was kidnapped and murdered by rogue elements of the Basque separatist organization ETA.

El Correo was the promoter of La Vuelta, the yearly bicycle race around Spain, between 1955 and 1978. However, due to ETA organising attacks on the race from the late 1960s, and increasing disorder around the race in the late 1970s during the Spanish transition to democracy, the Royal Spanish Cycling Federation banned the race from passing through the Basque Country, resulting in El Correo's announcement in January 1979 that it would no longer organise the race. It was subsequently promoted by the sports event company Unipublic[2] and did not return to the Basque Country until 2011.[3]

Expansion[edit]

The 1980s brought geographic expansion, as El Correo began to publish editions outside the Bilbao metro area and so it purchased El Diario Montañés, a newspaper in Santander. The paper now publishes nine local editions: five within the province of Vizcaya, which includes Bilbao, and one each serving the provinces of Álava, Guipúzcoa (sharing territory with El Diario Vasco), Burgos (in the city of Miranda de Ebro) and La Rioja.

El Correo, El Diario Vasco and El Diario Montañés are now published by Grupo Vocento,[4] a nationwide communications company that also owns ABC in Madrid.

The daily comic strip Don Celes (by Luis del Olmo, originally published in La Gaceta del Norte) is now a symbol of the newspaper.

The 2008 circulation of the paper was 118,107 copies.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Figures covering July 2010 to June 2011 from Spain's Oficina de Justificación de la Difusión, accessed January 28, 2012.
  2. ^ McKay, Fergal (7 January 2011). "Vuelta Fables: The Basque Issue". podiumcafe.com. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Vuelta a España 2011: mountainous Tour of Spain to make return to Basque region". telegraph.co.uk. 12 January 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Alan Albarran (10 September 2009). Handbook of Spanish Language Media. Routledge. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-135-85430-0. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
This article incorporates information from the revision as of 15 July 2007 of the equivalent article on the Spanish Wikipedia.