|Editor||Juan Carlos Martínez Gauna|
|Founded||1 May 1910, as El Pueblo Vasco|
|Headquarters||Calle Pintor Losada 7, Bilbao, Spain|
El Correo (Spanish for "The Courier") is a leading daily newspaper in Bilbao and the Basque Country of northern Spain. Its daily circulation, at nearly 100,000, is the seventh-highest among general interest newspapers in Spain.
History and profile
The brothers Ybarra y de la Revilla – Fernando, Gabriel and Emilio – founded El Pueblo Vasco ("The Basque People") on 1 May 1910, with Juan de la Cruz as founding editor. The paper supported Vizcaya's young Conservative Party and its editorial line was clerical, Alfonsist monarchist, free press and Basque regional autonomist. The paper's chief competitor in Bilbao was La Gaceta del Norte.
Due to these conservative stances, El Pueblo Vasco was shut down by the Spanish Republic government on17 July 1936, just before the Spanish Civil War. It was almost a year later, on 6 July 1937, when the paper published again, after the fall of Bilbao; it was joined on newsstands by El Correo Español, the official newspaper of the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las JONS, the Spanish fascist party, using the seized presses of the Basque nationalist daily Euzkadi.
By order of dictator Francisco Franco's government on 13 April 1938, the two papers combined as El Correo Español-El Pueblo Vasco, owned by El Pueblo Vasco S.A. but controlled by the Falange. During the first 15 years of Franco's regime, El Correo acquired its competitors El Noticiero Bilbaíno (1939) and El Diario Vasco (1945). Upon this last purchase, the company's name was changed to Bilbao Editorial S.A.
The year 1965 saw El Correo move to its current offices in Calle Pintor Losada, convert to tabloid format and increase the number of pages. In 1976, El Correo for the first time surpassed La Gaceta del Norte in sales, becoming the best-selling newspaper in northern Spain.
El Correo was the promoter of La Vuelta, the yearly bicycle race around Spain, between 1955 and 1978. However, due to ETA organising attacks on the race from the late 1960s, and increasing disorder around the race in the late 1970s during the Spanish transition to democracy, the Royal Spanish Cycling Federation banned the race from passing through the Basque Country, resulting in El Correo's announcement in January 1979 that it would no longer organise the race. It was subsequently promoted by the sports event company Unipublic and did not return to the Basque Country until 2011.
The 1980s brought geographic expansion, as El Correo began to publish editions outside the Bilbao metro area and so it purchased El Diario Montañés, a newspaper in Santander. The paper now publishes nine local editions: five within the province of Vizcaya, which includes Bilbao, and one each serving the provinces of Álava, Guipúzcoa (sharing territory with El Diario Vasco), Burgos (in the city of Miranda de Ebro) and La Rioja. In April 2014 El Correo began to be published and distributed in the United Arab Emirates.
El Correo, El Diario Vasco and El Diario Montañés are now published by Grupo Vocento, a nationwide communications company that also owns ABC in Madrid and Las Provincias. The editor-in-chief of El Correo is Juan Carlos Martínez Gauna.
The circulation of El Correo was 134,000 copies in 1993. It was 130,042 copies in 2002. The paper had a circulation of 128,000 copies in 2003. Its circulation in 2006 was 112,588 copies. The 2008 circulation of the paper was 118,107 copies. It was 99,277 copies in 2011.
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- This article incorporates information from the revision as of 15 July 2007 of the equivalent article on the Spanish Wikipedia.