El Ferdan Railway Bridge, the longest swing bridge in the world, runs from the east of the Suez Canal to the west into Sinai, opens most of the time to allow sailing ships to pass in the canal, and closes during passage of trains.
The first El Ferdan Railway Bridge over the Suez Canal was completed in April 1918 for the Palestine Military Railway. It was considered a hindrance to shipping so after the First World War it was removed. During the Second World War a steel swing bridge was built in 1942 but this was damaged by a steamship and removed in 1947. A double swing bridge was completed in 1954 but the 1956 Israeli invasion of Sinai severed rail traffic across the canal for a third time. A replacement bridge was completed in 1963 which was destroyed in 1967 in the Six-Day War by the Engineering General Ahmed Hamdy. The current bridge was constructed in 2001.